Politics (Ch. 13) Essential Question: What is the nature of the relationship between the citizen and the state? Politics The process by which groups make decisions Cause of social change Democratic governments exercise power through the will of the people
With that power comes responsibility, even the responsibility to dissent if necessary Discussion Questions (think, write, discuss) Hence, what is the nature of patriotism in a democracy? Is it loyalty to the government or loyalty to the ideals of the nation?
How is American patriotism colored by the fact that our country was born out of a revolution? Literature from this chapter Writers on American politics examine the rights of citizens to resist, and remind us of connection between political action & social change As Americans, former subjects of a colonial power, colonialism is an especially interesting subject
Is our view of colonialism affected by our nations origin? Is this view outdated? Does colonialism ever have positive benefits? How does patriotism work when the government is a foreign power? Literature continued Selections in this chapter raise those questions & remind us of the effects of both colonialism and post-colonialism
on language, culture, social change, and global politics (read Literary Context handout). Purpose Educated citizensthe root of the word politics is the Greek word for citizenmust know about the politics of the world & politics of their own country This chapter presents variety of voices & perspectives on national and world politics
Examine the interrelationships among citizens, their states, and the world Readings & Selections On Seeing England for the First Time by Jamaica Kincaid, p. 904 due Thurs. 2/11 A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift, p. 914 Thoughts on Peace in an Air Raid by Virginia Woolf, p. 935 due Tues. 2/16 On the Duty of Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau, p. 939 due Thurs. 2/18
Choose your own non-fiction article or piece, must be contemporary (2000-2016) on politics due Mon. 2/22 Guernica Painting by Pablo Picasso, p. 975 due Mon. 2/22 Colonialism: The Empire Fights Back by Chinua Achebe, p. 985 due Weds. 2/24 Lessons Closely read each selection using a close reading strategy: Cornell Notes,
post-it notes, DJs, T-Chart, etc. I will check this the day the reading is due. Be prepared to discuss the piece in detail. See discussion questions at the end of the selection to guide your reading. Remember you are looking to understand the paradigm, exigence, rhetorical triangle, rhetorical devices & strategies, etc. of the piece and how the author uses the piece as a voice for his/her opinion on the topic of politics
Review essay prompt that you will write after reading & analyzing all pieces Essay Prompt, p. 1007 Each of the statements on pages 1007-1008 addresses the nature of politics. Select one that interests you, and write an essay defending or challenging its assertion. To support your argument, refer to your knowledge of history, the selections in this chapter, and the selection
you chose. Discussion Questions Share your thoughts with your group members. Write down your responses. You will turn in your responses at the end of the period. Kincaid Discussion Questions Why does Kincaid spend so much time describing what she ate, what
she wore, and what her father wore? What is the significance? What do these details mean? What type of conflict does she have with England? What is her view of England? Why? What does she mean when she says, I had long ago been conquered (906). What does she means when she says, The space between the idea of
something and its reality is always wide and deep and dark? (908). Kincaid Discussion Questions Discuss (with your group) the type of rhetorical devices Kincaid uses. How does she use these devices to develop the meaning or achieve a particular effect or purpose? Explain the meaning, effect, or purpose. What is her relationship to England? How do you know? Use textual evidence to support your response.
How does Kincaid use the piece as a voice for her opinion on the topic of politics? What is her commentary on politics? 40 minute Essay Essay Questions What is Paines characterization of America? How do you know?
Does Paines characterization of America hold true today? Why or why not? What evidence do you have to support your claims? Thoughts on Peace in an Air Raid by Virginia Woolf Discussion Qs
What is Woolfs argument? How do you know? How important is ethos (personal experience) in conveying her argument? Why? In paragraph 2, what kind of fighting does Woolf call on women to do? How do the hornet metaphor (para. 3) and the sawing simile (para. 5) serve Woolfs purpose as she argues for women to fight the war? In paragraph 5, Woolf writes, Hitlers are bred by slaves. How can such a paradoxical statement be accurate?
What are the purpose and effect of the rhetorical questions in paragraph 7? She concludes para. 7 with the aphoristic statement We must compensate the man for the loss of his gun. What does she mean? Thoughts on Peace in an Air Raid by Virginia Woolf Discussion Qs In para. 8, Woolf refers to this roof and this very room, and counts the seconds. What is the effect of such details?
What is Woolfs attitude toward war and peace as revealed in the last two paragraphs? How does she try to appeal to Americans? Explain whether you believe that Woolfs suggestions about the relationship between gender and warfare, between gender and aggression are still relevant today. Thoughts on Peace in an Air Raid by Virginia Woolf Discussion Qs
Discuss (with your group) the type of rhetorical devices Woolf uses. How does she use these devices to develop the meaning or achieve a particular effect or purpose? Explain the meaning, effect, or purpose. What is her relationship to England? How do you know? Use textual evidence to support your response. How does Woolf use the piece as a voice for her opinion on the topic of politics? What is her commentary on
politics? Thoreaus On the Duty of Civil Disobedience What is Thoreaus idea of government? What is civil disobedience? What is Thoreaus position on civil disobedience? How do you know? How did events of the 19th century impact Thoreaus fundamental beliefs?
What is Thoreaus moral dilemma? (Q1) Thoreaus essay is based on the paradox that a good citizen is justified in breaking the law under certain circumstances. Find 2-3 paradoxical statements that reinforce and extend this basic paradox. (Q2) What war is going on when Thoreau is writing? How does Thoreau believe most people feel about the war?
(Q3) Thoreau holds an assumptionan opinion that is taken for grantedthat civil disobedience is the only sensible and moral course to take. What evidence and explanations does he use to support his assumption? (Q4) Explain Thoreaus attitude as a prisoner of conscience. What part of Thoreau did the locked doors of the jail confine?
Discuss (with your group) the type of rhetorical devices Thoreau uses. How does he use these devices to develop the meaning or achieve a particular effect or purpose? Explain the meaning, effect, or purpose. What is his relationship to America? How do you know? Use textual evidence to support your response. How does Thoreau use the piece as a voice for his opinion on the topic of politics? What is his commentary on
politics? Write an Essay Do you agree or disagree with Thoreaus argument on civil disobedience? In a well-written essay, develop your position and use appropriate evidence to support your argument.
What is Thoreau's argument? Defend, challenge, or qualify Appropriate evidence Use precise diction, rhetorical devices, varied sentence structure
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