Politics in Germany Historical Legacies Federal Republic of Germany Population: 82 million The most populous country in Europe except for Russia 68 million in the former West Germany Area: about 3 times that of Mississippi Britain ~ 2/3 Germany Germany ~ 2/3 France
area (square miles) population (in thousand) 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000
50,000 0 Britain France Germany A World Power Third largest economy in the world
behind U.S. and Japan largest in Europe GDP ($bln) of G7 Countries 1980-2008 Canada 16000 14000 12000 10000
8000 6000 4000 2000 0 France
Germany Italy Japan United Kingdom United States GDP Per Capita of G7 Countries 1980-2008
France Germany Italy Japan United Kingdom United States
Historical legacy Late development in creation of the nation and state industrialization democratization consolidation of democracy Remarkable achievement in postwar economic development postwar democratic consolidation
Build the nation state Second German Empire (1871) industrialization devastated by World War I (1914 - 1918) Weimar Republic (1919) first real experience with democracy economic problems war reparations Great Depression (1929) Democracy broke down
Weimar Republic lost popular/elite support Nazi won 33% of popular vote in 1932 institutions of Weimar Republic dismantled The Third Reich (1933 - 1945) Germany in ruins military and civilian deaths industry and transportation
destroyed food scarcity Occupation Germany divided West Germany Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) East Germany German Democratic
Republic (GDR) East Germany, West Germany Both were formed in 1949 Basic Law of FRG (West Germany) Both had economic miracle (1950s - 70s) sustained & unprecedented economic growth East Germany still lagged behind Both were integrated into alliances West: European Community & NATO
East: Warsaw Pact Reunification 1990-10-03 Impact of Soviet politics Gorbachev reforms in 1980s GDR opened the Berlin border November 1989 GDRs first free election March 1990
Unification of the FRG October 1990 German Economy 1980-2008 GDP Growth % 10 8 6 4
2 0 -2 Unemployment % A federal system Federal Republic of Germany federal government (Bund)
16 states (Lander) Other federal systems United States Unitary systems Great Britain France Federalism Usually described as a division of power spatial or territorial division
component units are geographically defined states (e.g., U.S., India, Australia) provinces (e.g., Canada) Lander (e.g., Germany and Austria) cantons (e.g., Switzerland) regions (e.g., Belgium) A federal system Federal Republic is divided into 16 states 10 states (Lander) in the West 6 states (Lander) in the East including Berlin
differences in historical traditions, social structure, dialect, and economy state jurisdiction in education, culture, law enforcement, and regional planning more governmental overlap than U.S. A federal system A parliamentary system central institution of the federal government
bicameral parliament Bundestag (lower house) Bundesrat (upper house) Chancellor chief executive President (mostly ceremonial role) A bicameral parliament Bundestag primary legislative body
669 deputies directly elected Bundesrat represent state governmts at the federal level 69 members (3 - 6 per state) appointed by state government
National Marine Sanctuaries U.S. Coral Reef Task Force OrSt & USF Multibeam Surveys to date Shallow Multibeam (May 2001, November 2002) Kongsberg-Simrad EM-3000 Fans out 121 beams at 130 deg. Swaths 3-4 times water depth Depths in 3-150 m range...
CSA-B. Dr. Said T. EL Hajjar . Acceptable sample size for a given population size. It is highly recommended to find the response rate before proceeding in any analysis. Response . rate = ( number of received responses / total...
Live Healthy! campaign. Guidance for each staff member on center. ... much of the current debate has been fractious and etiologies of obesity have been attributed to eating behavior or fast food, personality issues, depression, addiction, or genetics. ... The...
Simplify Radical Expressions Section 11.2 The Concept The last time we were together we talked about simplify radicals Today we're going to review some concepts and then do some practice problems The shift Radicals are easy for us if we...
Lean Six Sigma Education Sue Kozlowski MSA, MT(ASCP)SBB DLM CSSBB(ASQ) Presentation sponsored by: The Team and Workplace Excellence Forum Lean Six Sigma "Begin with the end in mind." --Stephen Covey What are the outcome measures for your Lean / Six...
PREPARE! Watch the orchestral performance: Which planet do you think this piece of music is describing? 1. Prepare your class . Watch the orchestral performance film of Mars from the BBC Ten Pieces website (note that this is a shorter...
The Model, again. Historical Background "A Portion of Each Crop is Eaten By the Wheels!"- von Thunen. Germany, 1820's. Developed by Johann Heinrich von Thunen in the early 1800's (19th century) Based on the layout of Rostock, Germany Noticed a...
Pps enviado a VitaNoble Powerpoints por Ella Edith Koppel para compartirlo. Publicado por Héctor Robles Carrasco para ayudar a difundir el arte en Internet. Todos los derechos pertenecen a los autores respectivos.
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!