Power and the People, c1170-2016 - Little Lever School

Power and the People, c1170-2016 - Little Lever School

Thanks to Sarah Hart Smith for the inspiration: http://sehartsmith.blogspot.com/2018/06/historical-5-day.html. Resource created collaboratively by Jade Kelly-Smith Louise Clark Shelley Carew Lauren Whitford-Stark Lydia Grellier TOPIC: Medieval How useful to an historian studying medieval medicine? Historical 5 a medicine Source A- from a book sharing medical ideas, 1284 P Match key terms day People and Terminology and definitions I Included urine analysis for diagnosis and using Doctrine of herbal medicines and balms for treatments. Signatures C A persons health was affected by the position Miasma of the planets, as were the best times to treat T Theory them. U This taught that God created illnesses. To treat Natural illness, prayer was a popular treatment. treatments R The idea that bad smells caused illness. Based Astrology on observation but mistaken. E Chronology Roger Bacon is imprisoned for encouraging scientific observation. Number these events in the order in which they happened: The church

approves of Hippocrates and Galens work for training physicians. Hippocrates taught clinical observation and the Theory of the four humours. Plan your answer Explain the significance of Galen on medical progress (8) Context List three people who would provide medical treatment in the middle ages, and describe their training: 1. 2. 3. P A N D A How confident are you on this content? Explain why: medieval How useful to an historian studying Islamic medicine? Historical 5 a TOPIC: progress Source A- a modern representation of an Islamic hospital in key terms P day People and Terminology Match Bagdad in the 11 Century. and definitions P I Some believed that Pus cleaned away infection, A Hugh of Lucca noticed that alcohol (wine) John Arderne but worked much better. C N A tool developed during war to remove arrow T heads from wounds without causing more Cauterise damage. D U

Applying great heat to burn the edges of A Antiseptic wounds to stop bleeding. R Battlefield surgeon who developed a painkilling ointment made from Opium and hemlock. His Arrow Cup E books were widely read by other surgeons. th Chronology Number these events in the order Plan your answer Arderne writes the Practice of Surgery, advising doctors on how to behave. in which they happened: . writes Avicenna Padua university Canon of was set up in Italy Medicine, in use for the training of until 1700s. physicians. Has superstition and religion helped and hindered medical progress in the Middle Ages? Context List three ways that church hospitals would care for the sick : 1. 2. 3. How confident are you on this content? Explain why: medieval How useful when studying prevention of the Black Death?? Historical 5 a TOPIC: public health Source A- Written by Robert of Avesbury, Chronicle (c. 1360) key terms P day People and Terminology Match about his experiences. A Chronicle is a written account of local and definitions events. I In 1349 over six hundred

Estimate of the % of people killed by men came to London from Sanitation the Black Death epidemic C France Each wore a cap Medieval toilet over a cesspit or marked with a red cross in Buboes stream. T front and behind. They marched naked and Swellings in the armpits, a symptom of 50 the black death. U whipped themselves with scourges on their naked Systems for water supply and waste R bleeding bodies. Latrine/ privy disposal. E Number these events in the order in which they happened: . Coventry Black Death established waste arrives in England disposal sites and bans toilets over streams. Chronology Many peasants refused to work for Lords in the way they had before. Plan your answer Compare public health in medieval towns and monasteries. In what ways were they different? (8) Context Describe three popular explanations of the Black Death at the time. 1. 2. 3. How confident are you on this content? Explain why:

P A N D A The Historical 5 a TOPIC: Renaissance day People and Terminology Andreas Vesalius Ambroise Pare William Harvey Renaissance Chronology Pares method of using ligatures during amputations Plot the events on the mini timeline, giving their dates. Vesalius challenging of Galens work Printing press allowed new ideas to spread quickly How useful? P I C T U R E A 1962 painting, by Robert Thom, of simply reading Galens descriptions aloud: his students found this a fascinating new way to learn Plan your answer Compare Medieval anatomy with Renaissance anatomy. In what ways were they different? (8) Context List 3 consequences of the Renaissance era

1. 2. 3. P A N D A How confident are you on this content? Explain why: TOPIC: The How useful? Historical 5 a Beginnings of P day People and Terminology Change I Quackery C Thomas Sydenham T John Hunter U Charles II R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. Hospital boom takes place in 1720-1750 The Great Plague arrives in London John Hunter experiments on himself to test scientific methods An amputation scene from a text on surgery, c.1620 Plan your answer Compare the Black Death in the fourteenth century with the Great Plague in the seventeenth century. In what ways were they similar? (8) Context List 3 Medieval beliefs about the causes of the Great Plague 1.

2. 3. P A N D A How confident are you on this content? Explain why: TOPIC: The How useful? Historical 5 a Beginnings of P day People and Terminology Change I Edward Jenner C Vaccination T Inoculation Lady Mary Wortley U Montagu R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. Parliament agrees to give Jenner 10,000 for his research In 1721, inoculation became popular due to Lady Mary Wortley Montagu Edward Jenner tests his theory out on a young 8 year old boy A cartoon drawn in 1802 by James Gillray Plan your answer Explain the significance of vaccinations in the development of medicine (8) Context List 3 reasons people were opposed to vaccination:

1. 2. 3. How confident are you on this content? Explain why: P A N D A Pasteur & How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC: Germ Theory P day People and Terminology I Louis Pasteur C spontaneous generation T Germ Theory U chicken cholera R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. Pasteur successfully tests rabies vaccine on a human Germ Theory published Vaccination for chicken cholera discovered Source A: Political cartoon from French a French newspaper in 1886. The syringe says virus rabique (rabies virus in English). Plan your answer Explain the significance of Germ Theory in the development of medicine (8) Context List three reactions to Pasteurs Germ Theory in Britain:

1. 2. 3. How confident are you on this content? Explain why: P A N D A Koch & How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC: Ehrlich P day People and Terminology I Robert Koch C Paul Ehrlich T microbe hunting U magic bullets R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. Koch identifies the first specific microbe (anthrax) William Cheyne translates Kochs work into English FrancoPrussian War Source A: An advertising poster for Hamlins Wizard Oil, from around 1890. Plan your answer Compare treatments of disease in the Middle Ages and the first half of the 19th century. In what ways were they similar? (8) Context List 3 magic bullets developed by Paul Ehrlich with the disease each one treats: 1. 2.

3. P A N D A How confident are you on this content? Explain why: Revolution How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC: in surgery P day People and Terminology I James Simpson C Joseph Lister T Black Period of surgery U Aseptic surgery R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. Lister reads Pasteurs Germ Theory Simpson discovers chloroform Queen Victoria uses chloroform Source A: A photograph of an operating room c.1900. Plan your answer Explain the significance of antiseptics in the development of surgery (8) Context List three reasons why people opposed the use of chloroform or carbolic acid in surgery: 1. 2.

3. How confident are you on this content? Explain why: P A N D A TOPIC: 19th Century Historical 5 a public health day People and Terminology Miasma Laissez-faire The Great Stink Cholera Chronology Plot the events on the mini timeline, giving their dates. How useful? Source A: A Court for King Cholera by John Leech, Punch magazine, 1852. P I C T U R E P A N D A Plan your answer Compare the Black Death in the Middle Ages with the Cholera epidemics in the 19th century. In what ways were they similar? (8) Context List 3 reasons why public health was so poor during the Industrial Revolution: 1. 2. 3. How confident are you on this content?

Explain why: Revolution How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC: public health P day People and Terminology I Edwin Chadwick C Dr John Snow T Joseph Bazalgette U Contagion R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. Dr John Snows discovery Bazalgette designs first sewer Chadwick Report published Source B: Joseph Bazalgette (top right) at the northern outfall sewer being built below Londons Abbey Mills pumping station. c.1800 Plan your answer Was the role of individuals the main factor in the development of public health in Britain, during the Industrial Revolution? Explain your answer with reference to individuals and other factors. 16 marks, 4 SPaG Context List three government initiatives to improve public health in the 19th century. 1. 2. 3. P A N D A How confident are you on this content? Explain why:

Modern How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC: treatment of P day People and Terminology disease I Penicillin C Alexander Fleming T Pharmaceuticals U Alternative medicine R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. Chain and Healy mass produce penicillin Fleming discovers penicillin NHS launches campaign to reduce anti-biotic demand Source A: Distaval thalidomide advertisement, 1961 Plan your answer Compare the work of Louis Pasteur and the work of Chain and Florey. In what ways are they similar? (8) Context List three methods of alternative medical treatment used in the 20th century: 1. 2. 3. How confident are you on this content? Explain why: P A N D A Modern How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC:

Public Health P day People and Terminology I Charles Booth C Seebohm Rowntree T David Lloyd George U Laissez-Faire R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. The Boer War Second World War First World War Source A: A government poster issued during the Second World War encouraging civilians to grow vegetables. Plan your answer Has the role of the Government been the Main factor in improving Public Health in Britain since Medieval times? (16) Context List 3 ways the Liberal government helped health from 1906-1914: 1. 2. 3. P A N D A How confident are you on this content? Explain why: Modern How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC: impact of war P day People and Terminology I

Shell-shock C Dwight Harken T Karl Landsteiner U Christian Barnard R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. The governments of both Britain and America money to drug companies to develop penicillin. British National Blood Transfusion Service opens Source A: These photos show the facial reconstruction of a soldier wounded during the Battle of the Somme in 1916, by surgeon Harold Gillies. Plan your answer Keller-Blake splint is developed Has war been the main factor in the development of surgery in Britain since Medieval times? Explain your answer with reference to war and other factors. 16 marks, 4 SPaG Context List three new technologies that were developed as a result of war : 1. 2. 3. How confident are you on this content? Explain why: P A N D A Modern How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC: Public Health P day People and Terminology

I Sir William Beveridge C Aneurin Bevan T Welfare State U N.H.S R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. NHS set up Second World War ends Beveridge Report published Source A: In 2003, the British Government launched a five a day campaign to encourage people to eat more fruit and Vegetables. Plan your answer Explain the Significance of the development of the NHS on public health in Britain. (8) Context List the 5 giants from the Beveridge Report : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. P A N D A How confident are you on this content? Explain why: Modern How useful? Historical 5 a TOPIC: treatment of P day People and Terminology Disease

I Radiation Therapy C Keyhole Surgery T Antibiotic Resistance U W.H.O R the events on the mini E Chronology Plot timeline, giving their dates. Endoscopes developed Crick & Watson discover DNA The first baby born by IVF treatment Source A: An anti-smoking poster issued by the Health Education Authority, London, and printed in 1988. Plan your answer Has War been the main factor leading to improvements in surgery? (16) Context List three examples of alternative or complementary medicine: 1. 2. 3. How confident are you on this content? Explain why: P A N D A

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