Should Consortia Replace Local Collection Development? "Is digital different? New trends and challenges in acquisition and collection development" IFLA Preconference Munich, 30 - 31 July 2003 Alice Keller, ETH Library Zurich Should Consortia Replace Local Collection Development? . of course they shouldnt!
But why not, actually? Collection Development: What does it mean? Collections are caused to: grow, become larger, more advanced. Good collections dont develop by chance or coincidence, but by careful planning and selection. Collection Development:
What sets the limits? Collections are developed along collection profiles defined by user requirements. The limits to collection building are financial constraints, available space, resources for processing. Collection Development: What sets the limits? User requirements
Funds Speaking to colleagues, financial constraints are the greatest limit to collection development: Most librarians would agree that they should have more funds to fulfil all user
Which are the Users Requirements? Core requirements Important to have Nice to have Which are the Users Requirements? Looking at E-Journals at ETH Library E-Journal Usage: All Titles 1400
No. of journals 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 ETH Library, 3000 e-journals, 12 months 2001 2800
2600 3000 and over No. of full text dow nloads 2400 2200 2000 1800
1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600
400 200 0 0 Focussing on Journals with fewer than 100 Downloads E-Journal Usage: All Titles 600
No. of journals 500 400 300 200 100 No. of full text dow nloads ETH Library, 3000 e-journals, 12 months 2001 over 100
100 90 80 70 60 50
40 30 20 10 0 0 Focussing on Journals with
more than 3000 Downloads Science,
Am.Assoc.Adv.Science Nature, Macmillan PNAS, Nat.Acad.Sciences Journal of Biological Chemistry, ASBMB Journal of the ACS, ACS Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Journal of Organic Chemistry, ACS Cell, Cell Press Tetrahedron Letters, Elsevier Organic Letters, ACS
Physical Review Letters, APS Journal of Chemical Physics, AIP Chemical Communications, RSC Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ACS Physical Review B, APS Journal of Cell Biology, Rockefeller Univ. Press Biochemistry, ACS Nature Biotechnology, Nature America Applied Physics Letters, AIP Tetrahedron, Elsevier
EMBO Journal, OUP ETH Library, 3000 e-journals, 12 months 2001 Which are the Users Requirements? Looking at E-Journals at ETH Library 8,3% of the e-journals were never accessed during 2001. A further 53% are not accessed more than 50 times. 22 journals are accessed more than 3000 times. Few journals are consulted heavily,
many journals are consulted very rarely. ETH Library, 3000 e-journals, 12 months 2001 Which are the Users Requirements? Looking at Databases 34% of all accesses are to one database alone. 60% of all accesses are to the top 5 databases. ETH Library, 80 databases with usage statistics, 12 months 2002
Which are the Users Requirements? Core requirements Important to have Nice to have Which are the Users Requirements? What Would Consortia Ideally Include? Consortium
What Do Consortia Usually Offer? Consortium Consortia - Advantages Financial advantages Extension of library collection Inclusion of new material Cross Access Additional Access
Consortium Consortium Consortia - Facts Consortia especially Big Deals offer a slice through all zones. Consortium Consortium Advantages of Big Deals: More Titles All 3 Consortia (Springer, AP, SciDirect)
400 300 200 Journal in print collection Increased collection ETH Library, 3000 e-journals, 12 months 2001 MECH PHYS
MED MATH EARTH 0 CHEM 100 BIOL
No. of journal titles 500 Advantages of Big Deals: Cross Access 50'000 40'000 30'000 20'000 Journal in print collection
MECH PHYS MED MATH EARTH 0
CHEM 10'000 BIOL No. of full text downloads All 3 Consortia (Springer, AP, SciDirect) Article Cross Access ETH Library, 3000 e-journals, 12 months 2001
Consortia - Disadvantages Less money left for other materials. Consortia dilute collection profile. Consortium Consortium Consortia - Disadvantages Consortium Consortium
Collection Development in a Consortial Environment Collection Development in a Consortial Environment Academic Libraries of the Future? C C C
C C C C Academic Libraries of the Future? The Journal That Ate the Library The Consortium That Ate the Library GASCO
The Consortium That Ate the Library GASCO The Consortium That Ate the Library Big Deal Getting Things Right It is not consortia, but Big Deals, that are replacing local collection development.
? Consortia = Big Deals Getting Things Right: Big Deals Big Deals Offer desirable short-term benefits and expanded information access for users. On the long run they will weaken the power of librarians. Librarians will lose the opportunity to shape the content or quality of journal literature. Short-term institutional benefits are achieved at
long-term expense of the academic community. (K. Frazier, 2001) Getting Things Right: Consortia Consortia not Big Deals mark the beginning of a new form of in-depth library cooperation. Consortia involve sharing of resources in many areas: collection building computing expertise server infrastructure digital preservation management of electronic resources
increased purchasing power New Opportunities for Consortia Consortia should be seen as a new hub of indepth library collaboration in the area of collection development. Looking beyond licensing of commercial products: A consortium can act as an ideal nucleus for innovative forms of library co-operation. This can include building up document servers, launching digital archives or digitising material.
Finding the Right Partners Alliances are powerful tools for a competitive advantage. However, consortia are mostly formed on a regional/national basis. Powerful consortia should be alliances based on: common interests (e.g. subject areas) strategic or political goals (e.g. coalition of large libraries of a city) technical co-operations (e.g. common IT infrastructure) The End
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