Summary of the 9th International Symposium on Naturally

Summary of the 9th International Symposium on Naturally

Summary of the 9th International Symposium on Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM IX) Philip Egidi US EPA NORM IX Held in Denver Colorado, September 22 27, 2019 Over 360 attendees from 48 countries Approximately 15 others did not get visas and either did not attend or presented in-absentia Excellent place to host due to its long history with NORM Training courses offered on Sunday 9/22 Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 2 Organization Hosted by Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors (CRCPD) in conjunction with the

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) International Steering Committee Local Organizing Committee Scientific (Program) Committee Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 3 Structure Plenary Session Topical Sessions Special Workshops Training Sessions Poster Sessions Field Trips Closing Ceremony PowerPoints now available: https://nucleus.iaea.org/sites/orpnet/resou rces/SitePages/NORM%20IX.aspx Proceedings in process

Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 4 Plenary Session Presentations from: ICRP IAEA NCRP CRCPD WHO ILO UNSCEAR EPA Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary Continued interest in NORM Internationally ICRP continuing to work on its publication Approach for Radiological Protection from NORM in Industrial Processes

ILO looking to help address concerns of Industries with NORM about the application of standards IAEA would like input from technical experts and industry about what advice they would like regarding the dose coefficient factor for radon Update of UNSCEAR 2006 Report on Lung Cancer due to Radon due to be published at the end of 2019 Committee recommends the continued use of the dose conversion factor of 9 nSv per Bq h/m3 IRPA as set up a technical group on NORM 5 Continued interest in NORM At a National Level CRCPD No single federal state agency responsible for standards for radiation protection Considerable variation in radiation control programmes at State level Process of revising model state regulations

Review of NORM in Oil and Gas Industry 2015 NCRP Providing advice SC 5-2: Radiation Protection for NORM &TENORM from Oil & Gas Recovery EPA Providing technical guidance and reports e.g., National Radon Action Plan Provides some of the regulation of NORM Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 6 Discovery of a Very High Radon Area Shout out to Dave Allard, who was part of our core team on the Organizing Committee and organized an 8hour training course at NORM IX!

Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 7 Topical Sessions Regulations and Recommendations for NORM Aspects of Protection of Workers, the Public and the Environment Decommissioning and Remediation NORM Measurements Phosphate and Phosphogypsum Oil and Gas Waste Management Miscellaneous Topics and Stakeholder Communication ENVIRONMENT Special Session IAEA Workshop CRCPD Workshop Industry Challenges Rare Earths

Radon and Thoron Uranium Recovery Transportation Security Issues Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 8 IAEA Workshop on Safe Management of NORM Regulatory control of industries involving NORM is a challenge and an open issue. Management of NORM residues should be justified IAEA Safety Standards- General Safety Guide on Occupational Radiation Protection (GSG-7) & its coverage for NORM Challenges in Regulating NORM for proper Worker Protection Prior Radiological Characterization and Realistic Dose Assessment Radiation Protection Programme (RPP) (how to establish

and maintain) Case Study: ORPAS Peer review and how NORM is covered Information Exchange Platforms (ORPNET/UMEX/NORMEX) Introduction to Development of IAEA Safety Standards for NORM Residues Management Origin and Characterization of NORM Residues Regulatory Framework in Graded Approach Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary Strategy of NORM Residues Management 9 CRCPD Workshop: Continuing Efforts for NORM Regulatory and Risk-Informed Decision Making

Identify Priority Issues in Regulation of NORM Identify Barriers to Regulatory Framework Suggest Resources Origin of 5 pCi/g limit? Regulate by a dose based limit? Regulate by origin (type of production)? Po-210 and Pb-210 are issues as well; need

effective monitoring. Portal Monitors What standards and guidance are there? Harmonizing Regulations to the Extent Possible Institutional Controls Financial Assurance Communication with Members of the Public Cleanup of Legacy Sites Sites vary in life cycle timelines: Operations Closeout Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 10 CRCPD Workshop: Continuing Efforts for NORM Regulatory and Risk-Informed Decision Making BARRIERS TO IMPLEMENTATION Setting lower bound of regulatory scope without regulating background materials or impeding interstate commerce.

License Termination Ownership and Financial Assurance Take into Account Institutional Controls Need industry-specific guidance. Physical characteristics, administration, and engineered controls may negate need for regulatory oversight. TOOLS IAEA SSG 60 Management of NORM Residues ASTSWMO CRCPD ISRI Video

NCRP Commentary for Oil and Gas NORM-soon TECDOC to Come from IAEA in the Future CDC Website Radiation Awareness Training in Layman Terms and Other Resources Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 11 Main Observations ICRP Pub 137 (2017) recommends new radon dose coefficients, from 2x to 3x compared to previous recommendations Nations are having difficulty implementing the BSS requirements for regulation of NORM Nations are having difficulty in cooperation with industry on performing inventories Harmonization is desirable Leadership by EPA requested by many

Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 12 Upcoming Events 19-23 October 2020 www.iaea.org/event s/norm-2020 Abstracts and participation forms due 28 February 2020 NORM X The Netherlands 2022 Philip Egidi U.S. Environmental Protection Agency NORM IX Summary 13

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