Parthenon Pheidias (490?-430?) East Pediment Lord Elgin: Thomas

Parthenon  Pheidias (490?-430?)  East Pediment  Lord Elgin:  Thomas

Parthenon

Pheidias (490?-430?)

East Pediment

Lord Elgin:

Thomas Bruce, Earl of Elgin

(1766-1841)

Elgin Marbles acquired 1812,

sold to British Museum 1817.

3 goddesses

Dionysos

Reconstruction of Center of East Pediment

Birth of Athena

Jacques Carrey Drawings of

West Pediment 1674.

Struggle

between Athena &

Poseidon for Attica

Metopes: Triumph of Civilization

(nomos) over Beasts/Barbarians (phusis)

East: Battle of Gods and Giants

North: Battle of Troy West: Battle of Greeks and Amazons

South: Battle of Lapiths and Centaurs 92 metopes: 61 survive in some form,

12 known from drawings.

Metopes South side:

Battle of Lapiths & Centaurs

Friese:

Panathenaic Procession

Frieze: Panathenaic Procession

Greatness of Athens 2 streams commence on West side,

running on North and South sides, meeting and ending on East side with

gods & maidens carrying peplos. 192 horsemen, representing 192 dead at

Battle of Marathon. Of 158 meters of frieze, 128 meters

survive, and 17 meters preserved in drawings.

Athena

Parthenos

Nashville Parthenon 1897+ Full-size

Erechtheion (421-414, 409-406)

Karyatids

Temple of Athena Nike (427-424)

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