Attitudinal Determinants of Diet and Lifestyle among Ethnic

Attitudinal Determinants of Diet and Lifestyle among Ethnic

Attitudinal Determinants of Diet and Lifestyle
among Ethnic Minority Women
S. Comegna, R. Begum, A. Draper, A. R. Amorim Adegboye
Department of Human and Health Science Faculty of Science and Technology
University of Westminster, 115, New Cavendish Street, London, UK
University of Westminster, London, UK


Study design


African and Caribbean (AC) women have

A mixed methods, cross-sectional study

A sample of 300 AC women split equally

the highest obesity prevalence (38% &

using a conceptual framework based on a

between ethnicities, will be self-selected

32%, respectively) among all ethnic groups

modified model proposed by Cooke and

with a maximum diversity in South-East

Papadaki (2014).

London and Westminster University

Fig.2 Conceptual framework for studying



Inclusion criteria

in the UK.(Gatinau and Mathrani,


Fig.1 Prevalence of obesity in adults by
ethnic group in 2004, UK.





attitude on nutrition label use and
dietary quality.

Women of reproductive age (18-49 years)
from AC populations living in London.

Exclusion criteria
Pregnant women or less than 6 weeks
Women cognitively or physically unable to
take part.


Adults (aged 16+) obesity: BMI > 30kg/m2
Source: Health Survey for England (2004).

This study will enable better elucidation of
the qualitative and quantitative relationships

Psychosocial, biological and contextual

between lifestyle, biologic variables,

factors may influence the excess of weight

behavioural and attitudinal issues

gain. (Loring and Robertson, 2014)

underpinning the nutritional and health

Childbearing and parenthood, literacy,
cultural habits, religious constraints as
understanding of food labelling are all likely
to influence dietary habits. (Cowburn and Stockley,

To investigate to what extend length of UK

status of AC migrant women in the UK.
Source: Cooke and Papadaki (2014).

Consequently, study findings will assist to


translate epidemiological knowledge into

Phase I: quantitative attitudinal data &
dietary information collected via
Physiological parameters (height,

future preventive actions.
Gatineau, M. and Mathrani, S. (2011). Ethnicity and obesity in
the UK. Perspectives in Public Health.131:159-60

residence and understanding of food

weight, waist and hip circumferences, % of

labelling influence dietary and lifestyle

body-fat) and biochemical

Guidance for addressing inequities in overweight and obesity.

habits among AC women.

parameters (blood pressure, HDL - LDL,

Copenhagen, Denmark: World Health Organization, Europe.

To assess the nutritional composition and

total cholesterol, triglycerides and blood

contribution that traditional foods make to

glucose) collected during phase I.

dietary intake of this group.

Phase II: qualitative data on attitudes will
collected via focus group discussion (using
a thematic framework).

Ethical approval for this research
was provided by the University of
28 JAN 2016

Loring, B. and Robertson, A. (2014). Obesity and inequalities:

Cowburn,G. and Stockley L.(2005). Consumer understanding
and use of nutrition labelling: a systematic review. Public
Health Nutr.; 8:21-8.
Cooke, R. and Papadaki, A. (2014). Nutrition label use
mediates the positive relationship between nutrition knowledge
and attitudes towards healthy eating with dietary quality
among university students in the UK. Appetite. 83, 297303

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