Introducing The Honeyberry By Bernis Ingvaldson The Honeyberry
Introducing The Honeyberry By Bernis Ingvaldson The Honeyberry Farm, Bagley, MN Photos copyright Bernis Ingvalson unless otherwise noted What is it?
Honeysuckle with blue berries! Member of the honeysuckle family - Lonicera caerulia L. Looks like a mutated blueberry with waxy coat called bloom Perrenial, deciduous shrub growing to 3-6 feet (2 m) tall Taste is? Beyond Wonderful! quote from first time taste tester, 2012
Tastes good fresh or processed Mystery berry flavor combination of blueberry/raspberry/grape? Good for you 3x higher in antioxidants than blueberries Suitable for home garden, U-Pick or mechanical harvesting on larger scale
A visit to The Honeyberry Farm Youtube: Community Spotlight Honeyberry Farm 2012 Youtube: Northwoods Adventure 2016 Northwoods Adventure Honeyberry Farm 2016 Community Spotlight Honeyberry Farm 201 Growth Habits
Cold hardy to zone 1 or lower, some varieties can grow up to zone 8 or more. Grows in most soils pH 5.5 7.5 Doesnt sucker Buds break out through the snow in early spring.
Resilient re-growth Blossoms are produced on new shoots from year-old wood, withstand 20F/-7C. Pollination Bumblebees, honeybees, and even hummingbirds. Need two different varieties in most cases
Green berries grow for three weeks and then Start turning color Within a day berries turn purple, another day dark blue. But wait! Honeyberries need another 3 weeks to sweeten and fully mature.
Later harvest: larger fruit, higher sugar, lower acidity, increased anthocyanins and polyphenols Now you can pick to your hearts content. Is it ripe enough? Your tongue will tell Refractometer will measure
(avg 11-16 brix) Yields vary depending on the cultivar and age of plant, from 1-10 lbs. Borealis shorter bush in front, Berry Blue behind 1 lbs off of Borealis (20 minutes to pick)
Harvest Tips Wack bush with stick to drop berries Drop sheet to catch berries Leaf blower (hair dryer) for debris Rinse/cull berries over screens www.ebhbasics.blogspot.ca Processing
Freeze. Cook up into low sugar jam. Dry individually, or blend with honey, dehydrate. Pie Sweet Rolls
Tongue River Winery in Montana and Dakota Sun Gardens at Carrington, ND began producing wine in 2012 Canadians ahead of the USA in acres planted, berries selling for $5-7 / lb. Value added products beginning to appear on the market.
Geography Native to northern boreal forests in Asia, Europe, and North America. Mainly found in low lying, wet areas or high in mountains. North American bushes and berries are smaller than varieties from
Siberia, China, Korea, Japan Wild Canadian berry Breeding from different areas to improve quality Planting Space for the size of mature plant: 3-5 wide, 36 tall
Full sun or shade OK up to zone 4, shade recommended in hotter zones 5-7 pH is ideal, but grows outside this range Sandy loam to clay soils Windbreaks high winds discourage bees from pollinating, stunt growth, and can drop ripe fruit
Spring or fall planting Borealis Weed control Plastic mulch or Ground cover (Heavy duty)
Wood mulch, rabbit-proof fencing Fertilization Jury is still out Healthy soil with organic matter is good General fertilizer in the spring OK Dont over fertilize
Pruning 20-50 year lifespan. Remove 20% of the oldest branches at the base annually after 45 years. 5 year old Tundra pruned Late fall/winter/early spring
Pruning lowers the sugar and acidity, increases anthocyanins. (Polish study by Szot & Lipa, Phytomorphology 4: 5154, 2013) Disease Mildew starts in the heat of summer, after harvest.
Berry Blue Susceptibility varies tremendously between varieties. Russian cultivars tend to be earlier blooming and more susceptible than the Japanese. Some leaf browning is from sun and wind burn.
Rodents and rabbits may chew off young stems. Deer graze young plants in the early spring, but leave older wood alone. Tenta caterpillar, lace worm, spider In Europe: aphids, mites, moths Predators Suspend netting away from bushes, fasten to ground.
Foxes and dogs like the berries as well. Bears too? Look at all those antioxidants! http://www.haskapnovascotia.com/nutritional.htm Folk Medicine Uses
Reducing symptoms of glaucoma Decreasing risk of Type 2 diabetes Decreasing risk of heart attack Preventing anaemia Improving gastrointestinal function Strengthening bones in kids and preventing osteoporosis Preventing hyperactivity Slowing the aging process Softening blood vessels (anti-inflammatory) Softening and providing elasticity to the skin
Comparison Cultivar Distinctives Russian bloom early leaves susceptible to sun scald
tubular berries tarter berries add depth to jams Russian/ Kuril/Japanese bloom a few days later to 4 weeks later
retain leaves longer plumper berries preferred fresh eating Japanese bloom a few weeks later leaves are most
resilient to sun oval berries preferred fresh eating Varieties Early bloomers: *Aurora *Indigo Gem *Honey Bee
Borealis Tundra Berry Blue Sugar Mtn Blue Blue Belle Cinderella Later bloomers: Solo Maxie
*Largest berries Sugar Mountain Blue Bred in the Czech Republic (Russian) Tall, upright growth, large berries, excellent flavor Aurora
Large berry (shown next to Borealis), excellent taste, fast growing, more productive (U of S cross between Russian and Japanese) Late bloomers
Japanese ancestry Rounder berries Excellent flavor Upright growth Berries ripen 2-4 weeks later than early bloomers
Solo, Maxie Blizzard, Beauty Champion Fruit Grand Champion of
MN State Horticulture Society District 12 Flower Show, Bemidji, MN 2013 First place in class at Clearwater County Fair, Bagley, MN 2013 Special thanks to our Sponsor And God said, Let grass come up on the earth, and plants producing seed, and fruit-trees giving fruit, in which is their seed, after their sort: and it was so. And grass came up on the earth, and every plant
producing seed of its sort, and every tree producing fruit, in which is its seed, of its sort: and God saw that it was good. (Gen. 1:11, 12) Visit The Honeyberry Farm at Bagley, MN, or online at www.honeyberryusa.com
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