Agriculture & Merchants and Trade By Wezley,Bronson,Bianca,Furkan and

Agriculture & Merchants and Trade By Wezley,Bronson,Bianca,Furkan and

Agriculture & Merchants and Trade By Wezley,Bronson,Bianca,Furkan and Samantha Ancient Egypt Agriculture Behind these kings and queens were pawns, behind

these temples, palaces and pyramids were the workers of the cities and the peasants of the fields of Ancient Egypt Agriculture. No one really owned the land that they claimed, it was really just owned by the Pharaoh. Ancient Egypt farming The Nile delta is one of the most fertile regions

on earth. Many stories of ancient Egypt involve the Nile river and farming. From ancient to modern times, agriculture has been an important facet of Egyptian life. Egypt has 6 million fertile acres of the Nile delta. The Great civilization was split into two parts of the land. The Two Lands

The Black Land The black land was the most fertile part of Egypt They used this part of Egypt to grow all of there crops and this is were they had all of there lush resources This was the only part of land that they could grow crops on. This is because the land was coated with a rich layer of silt that came from the Nile when it flooded threw The Red Land The red land was the desert parts of Egypt where they got all

there minerals This also offered protection to them The Nile river the Nile played a major role in the building of civilizations. The civilization of ancient Egypt was indebted to the Nile River and its dependable seasonable flooding. The rivers predictability and the fertile soils it provided allowed the Egyptians to build an empire on the basis of great

agricultural wealth. How they grew crops The Egyptians had very soft and wet soil which made growing crops easy and simple for them. They would plant the seeds in the soil and would use animals to stomp on it, to churn it up During the growing season the crops were cultivated The Egyptians needed the right floodplain level to have

successful harvest They also used there own form of irrigation system to help with the process. What did they grow ? They grew barley, wheat, and a great amount of grains. They grew vast amounts of wheat, enough to secure the city and left overs to trade.

They grew vegetables such as onions, leeks, lettuce, radishes, ground, melons, peas and lentils flex. Dates, pomegrates and figs. They grew wheat and barley from which they made bread and beer. What tools they used They had tools such as

Scoops, hoses, rakes, flint-bladed sickle plows, scoops and mattocks. They Egyptians plow had a small blade but didn't cut very deeply, but that was okay because the soil was fertile. Question Time 1) Who owned the land that the laborers worked on?

2) Why is the River significant? What is a Merchants? A merchant is a person or company involved in wholesale trade, they mostly deal with countries or supplying goods to a particular trade. What Merchants do? Ancient Egyptian merchants were people that exchanged luxury

or household items that were made in Egypt to other countries. Merchants would bring the imported goods to Egypt and sell them to the Egyptians. Ancient Egyptian merchants would trade their goods for grain and other things for their own family. Merchants were highly regarded they traveled trading goods and selling goods in different places. Merchants also traveled down rivers.

What Merchants do? (cont) Merchants would trade exotic items the Egyptians to get what they needed. Merchants carried and sold these objects:

Gold

Papyrus rope Linen cloth Jewelry Cedar Ebony Wood Elephant Tusks Fruit Vegetables Oil

Wine Fowl What they brought back Egypt was one of the wealthiest countries in the ancient time. The Merchants brought back panther skin, giraffe tails for fly whisks and some animals like baboons and lions for the temple.

Pictures Pictures What Merchants Wore? Merchants usually wore kilt made out of cloth and linen. When the weathers got colder they added cotton on their top. They would wear leather sandals on their feet.

Where they traded & Who they traded with? Merchants in ancient Egypt depended on the Nile River to transport their goods. They used boats to go through the river. Money was not used at that time, merchants would trade goods of equal value. Merchants would trade with countries around the Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea and the Red Sea.

Questions Which river did the Egyptians use to sell goods from? What did the Egyptians get in return? Name eight (8) goods which the Egyptians sold? Ancient Egypt: Trade What is trade? Trade is the act of buying and selling goods.

Trade is also the process of which, different civilization trade cultures. Trade is also used to make peace and show respect between cultures. How did they trade? And did it change over the years? (Cont) They traded by bartering. This is done by equivalent exchange. This means trading something of the same value for something else. If something is not

of the same value, they would get more of that object which increases the value. Example: 3 goats+1 pig + wheat/barley = Wood coffin Overtime, after trading with civilizations like Greece, and Rome they began using metal coins because this is what the European civilizations were accustom too. Instead of bartering, the trade became modern. Meaning something that is close to what we would do. In 400 BCE gold, silver, and

bronze coins became Egypt's currency. Example: 1 goat = 100 coins( copper) What did they trade? They traded many things like gold, papyrus, linen, grain, and artifacts( stolen from the Pharaoh's tomb)

Who did they trade with? Items that were received they werent commonly found in Egypt. Cedar was from Lebanon. Ebony and Ivory was from Africa. Lapis Lazuli was from Afghanistan. Gold was from Nubia and important metals( copper and iron) were from the best allies.

Questions? What are three things that Ancient Egypt traded with?

A) linen, Grain, Papyrus B) Trading cards, Games, numbers C) Lapis Lazuli, Ebony and Ivory, Gold How did the Ancient Egyptians trade?

A) Bartering B) Purchasing using coins C) Hugs and Kisses D) Both A and B

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