CUSTOMER SATISFACTION CUSTOMER SATISFACTION The most important asset
CUSTOMER SATISFACTION CUSTOMER SATISFACTION The most important asset of any organization is its customers Satisfied customers pay their bills promptly which greatly improves cash flow the lifeblood of any organization ORGANIZATIONAL
HIERARCHIAL DIAGRAM CUSTOMER SATISFACTION CUSTOMERS EXPERIENCE OF A PRODUCT OR A SERVICE IS MULTIFACETED SO HARD TO DETERMINE IT NEEDS TO BE MEASURED INDIVIDUALLY TO GET AN ACCURATE TOTAL PICTURE OF
CUSTOMER SATISFACTION CUSTOMER SATISFACTION Customer satisfaction should not be viewed in a vacuum. For example, a customer may be satisfied with a product or service and therefore rate the product or service highly in a survey and yet same customer may buy another product.
CUSTOMER SATISFACTION Similarly customers view about a product or service are useless if customers view about competitors products are not understood. CUSTOMER SATISFACTION The value customers places on the product compared to another may be a better indication of customer loyalty.
TYPES OF CUSTOMER External Customer Internal Customer CUSTOMER PERCEPTION OF QUALITY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. ASQ SURVEY SHOWS THAT IMPORTANT FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE PURCHASING ARE PERFORMANCE FEATURES SERVICE WARRANTY PRICE REPUTATION
FEEDBACK Comment Card.
Customer Questionnaire. Focus Groups. Toll Free Telephone No. Customer Visits. Report Card. Internet & Computer. Employee Feedback. Customer complaints COMMENT CARD COMMENT CARD CAN BE ATTACHED TO THE WARRANTY CARD &
INCLUDED WITH THE PRODUCT AT THE TIME OF THE PURCHASE INTENT OF THIS CARD IS TO GET SIMPLE INFORMATION SUCH AS NAME , AGE, ADDRESS, OCCUPATION & WHAT MADE THE CUSTOMER BUY THAT PRODUCT COMMENT CARD FOR CUSTOMER THERE IS LITTLE OR NO INCENTIVE TO COMMENT CUSTOMERS DO RESPOND WHEN
THERE IS SOMETHING VERY GOOD OR VERY BAD USED IN HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY(HOTELS, RESTAURANTS) CUSTOMER QUESTIONNAIRE POPULAR TOOL FOR OBTAINING OPINION & PERCEPTIONS ABOUT AN ORG./PRODUCT/SVS COSTLY & TIME CONSUMING MOST SURVEYS ASK THE CUSTOMER TO GRADE THE QUESTION ON A 1-5
OR 1-10 LIKERT SCALE TEACHING METHODOLOGY OF MUHAMAD ASIF PARAMETER HIGHLY SATISFIED HIGHLY DISSATIS
NEUTRAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS 2 1 5 4 3
GRIP ON THE SUBJECT 2 1 5 4 3 ANSWER TO THE QUESTIONS 1
5 4 3 2 WHOLE CLASS PARTICIPATION 1
5 4 3 2 DO U FEEL ANY VALUE ADDITION 1 AFTER HIS CLASS
5 DO U GO HOME SATISFIED AFTER 1 ATTENDING HIS LECTURE 5 4 4
3 3 2 2 CUSTOMER QUESTIONNAIRE DOES NOT TELL ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF INDIVIDUAL QUESTION RELATIVE TO OTHERS
NOR DOES IT TELL WHAT CUSTOMERS EXPECT FROM ORGANIZATION RESULTS ARE NOT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE NORMAL POPULATION THOSE WHO FEEL VERY GOOD OR VERY BAD RESPOND ONLY TO MAKE SURVEY MORE USEFUL REMEMBER 1. CLIENTS & CUSTOMERS ARE NOT SAME 2. SURVEY RAISE CUSTOMER EXPECTATION 3. HOW U ASK A QUESTION WILL
DETERMINE HOW THE QUAESTION IS ANSWERED 4. THE MORE SPECIFIC THE QUESTION, THE BETTER THE ANSWER TO MAKE SURVEY MORE USEFUL REMEMBER 5. U HAVE ONLY ONE CHANCE & 15 MIN. ( max. time a customer will give to respond a survey) 6. MORE TIME U SPEND IN SURVEY DEVELOPMENT, LESS TIME U GET IN
DATA ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION 7. WHOME U ASK IS AS IMPORTANT AS WHAT U ASK 8. BEFORE DATA ARE COLLECTED , U SHOULD KNOW HOW U WANT TO ANALYSE & USE THE DATA FOCUS GROUPS POPULAR WAY TO OBTAIN FEEDBACK SURVEYING A FOCUS GROUP IS A RESEARCH METHOD USED TO FIND OUT WHAT CUSTOMERS ARE REALLY EXPECTING
GROUP OF CUSTOMERS IS ASSSEMBLED IN THE MEETING ROOM TO COLLECT INFORMATION CAREFULLY PREPARED ANSWERS R ASKED BY SKILLED MODEARTOR WHO PROBES INTO PARTICIPANTS IDEAS, THOUGHTS PERCEPTIONS & COMMENTS PEOPLE SELECTED HAVE THE SAME PROFILE AS THE EXPECTED CUSTOMER FOCUS GROUPS R SOMETIMES USED WITHIN TE ORGANIZATION TO ADDRESS INTERNAL ISSUES FOCUS GROUPS( IMPRINT ANALYSIS)
IMPRINT ANALYSIS IS AN EMERGING TECHNIQUE USED IN THE FOCUS GROUPS GOOD WAY TO OBTAIN INTRINSIC FEELING ABOUT THE PRODUCT/SERVICE FEELING R NOT EASILY OBTAINED FROM THE CUSTOMERS CUSTOMERS OFTEN HOLDBACK INFORMATIONS ON SURVEY FOCUS GROUPS (IMPRINT ANALYSIS) WORD ASSOCIATION, DISCUSSIONS
& RELAXATION TECHNIQUES CAN IDENTIFY A CUSTOMERS EMERGING NEEDS IMPRINT ANALYSIS HELPS TO UNDERSTAND THE HUMAN EMOTIONS INVOLVED IN THE PURCHASE DECISION TOLL FREE PHONE NO. EFFECTIVE TECHNIQUE FOR COMPLAINT FEEDBACK ORGANIZATION CAN RESPOND
FASTER & CHEAPLY TO THE COMPLAINTS CUSTOMER VISITS VISIT TO A CUSTOMERS PLACE OF BUSINESS IS AN EFFECTIVE WAY TO GATHER INFORMATION ACCURATE INFORMATION OBTAINED PEOPLE CAN SEE FIRST HAND HOW THE PRODUCT IS PERFORMING REPORT CARD
THE INTERNET & THE COMPUTER EMPLOYEES FEEDBACK EMPLOYEES R UNTAPPED SOURCE OF INFORMATIONS CONVENTIONALLY COMPANIES LISTEN MORE TO THE EXTERNAL CUSTOMERS & LESS TO THE INTERNAL CUSTOMER EMPLOYEES USUALLY PROVIDE DEEPER INSIGHT INTO CONDITIOINS
EMPLOYEES FEEDBACK CUSTOMERS RESAERCH REVEALS WHAT IS HAPPENING EMLOYEES REASEARCH REVEALS WHY IT IS HAPPENING IT SHOULD BE REGULARLY SOLICITED RATHER THAN CHECKING THE WOODEN BOX ANNUALLY USING CUSTOMER COMPLAINTS
THE FEEDBACK OBTAINED IN ALL ABOVE CASES IS PROACTIVE CUSTOMER COMPLAINT IS REACTIVE BUT VERY USEFUL ASQ SURVEY REVEALS THAT ABOUT 1. 1.5% COMPLAINTS REACH TOP MANAGEMENT 2. 20% TO FRONT LINE PERSONNEL 3. 80% DONT REPORT
IT INDICATES THAT IT IS EASY FOR THE TOP MANGMNT TO PERCEIVE THAT EVERY THING IS OK WHEN SATISFIED CUSTOMERS R INCLUDED IN THE DATA, NO. OF COMPLAINTS TO MANGMNT IS LOWER THAN 1.5% FREQUENTLY DISSATISFIED CUSTOMERS DONT SAY ANYTHING & QUIETLY SWITCH OVER TO COMPETITOR
THOSE WHO DONT COMPLAIN R THE ONE WHO SHOULD WORRY THE ORGANIZATION MOST BY TAKING THE POSITIVE APPROACH TO THE COMPLAINTS IT IS POSSIBLE TO IMPROVE THE PRODUCTS/SERVICES IN FACT COMPLAINTS GIVE THE ORGANIZATION A SECOND CHANCE ONCE U HAVE IDENTIFIED THE
COMPLAINTS/ PROBLEMS NOW TURN TO ELIMINATION. INCORPORATE CUSTOMER VOICE INTO PRODUCT/ SERVICE Mass Customization GIVE CUSTOMER EXACTLY WHAT CUSTOMER WANTS Mass customization IN THE OUTSET, PRICE TAG ON SUCH
PRODUCTS WAS PROHIBITIVE, BUT M.C PROVIDES THIS AT AFFORDABLE PRICE M.C IS RESULT OF FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM(FMS),JIT,& CYCLE TIME REDUCTION Mass customization IN AUTOMOBILES IT IS SINCE MANY YEARS CUSTOMER MAY DETERMINE WHAT TYPE OF SEAT COVERINGS, COLOUR
& STEREO SYSYTEM THEY WANT COMPUTER MFRs & ASSEMBLERS DO IT Mass customization Modular design Delayed differentiation MODULAR DESIGN Is a form of standardization in which component parts are subdivided into modules that are easily replaced or
interchanged. It allows: Easier diagnosis and remedy of failures Easier repair and replacement Simplification of manufacturing and assembly DISADVANTAGE: Variety Decreases DELAYED DIFFERENTIATION Delayed differentiation is a postponement tactic
Producing but not quite completing a product or service until customer preferences or specifications are known DELAYED DIFFERENTIATION Over the Wall Approach New Product
Mfg Design CONCURRENT ENGINEERING Concurrent engineering is bringing together marketing, engineering, manufacturing, purchasing, service, packaging, etc. people early in the design phase.
ROBUST DESIGN Design that results in products or services that can function over a broad range of conditions CUSTOMERS REQUIREMENTS NORMAL REQUIREMENTS Are typically what one gets by just asking customers what they want. EXPECTED REQUIREMENTS Are the obvious / compulsory requirements. For example, if meal
is served hot, customers barely notice it. If it's cold or too hot, dissatisfaction occurs. Expected requirements must be fulfilled. EXCITING REQUIREMENTS Beyond the customer's expectations. If provided , customer would be excited If not ,they would hardly complain IN OTHER WORDS NORMAL REQUIREMENTS MORE IS BETTER
EXPECTED REQUIREMENTS MUST BE EXCITING REQUIREMENTS DELIGHTENING,EXCITING, WOW FACTOR KANOS MODEL If the requirement is absent it does not cause dissatisfaction, but it will delight clients if present "camera options"
Satisfaction + EXCITERS Service Dysfunctions MORE IS BETTER The more requirements
are met the more one is satisfied - + Service Fully Functions Must Be
Dissatisfaction Less satisfied when the product or service is less functional, but cannot increase satisfaction substantially if operational - "up-time" QUESTIONS?
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