o September 2, 1945 The Allied Powers US USSR UK had defeated the Axis Powers. Germany Japan o Two countries emerged from WWII as international powers. US
USSR WHY? HOW? Both had: o independent economies o strong militaries o capability to produce nuclear weapons o remained largely undamaged from the destruction of war o The former allies became engaged in a 45 year long conflict lasting from 1945-1991. o Each country had severe distrust of the other.
US o worried about Soviet communism spreading o concerned about leader Joseph Stalins tyrannical rule of his country Communism is a political and economic system in which the government owns all production resources such as businesses and farms. The government then distributes the resources and wealth according to individual USSR
o resented the US delay in entering WWII, which resulted in the deaths of tens of millions of Soviets o upset the US would not recognize the USSR as a legitimate part of the international community Joseph Stalin o Germany was devastated by WWII and lacked a stable o The Allies knew Germany needed help. government. Germany was divided into 4 o Each of the Allies occupied, or zones.
controlled, one zone. o The capital of Berlin was deep in USSR controlled territory. o But it was still divided into 4 zones, with the Allies each occupying one zone. o After WWII, the US and USSR knew that Europe would struggle to rebuild itself. o But US President Harry Truman and Soviet dictator Stalin disagreed on how to help Europe. The US favored democracy. The USSR favored communism. o Western European countries, including West Germany & West Berlin, had democratic
o The democratic governments. countries, including the US, became the o The USSR Western Bloc. occupied several east European countries after WWII. o The USSR instilled communist governments in these countries. o The communist countries, including East Germany & East Berlin, became the Eastern Bloc. o By the start of 1946, Stalin placed the Eastern Bloc under tight restrictions.
o Citizens could no longer move or travel freely. o Former UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill referred to the line that divided the Western and Eastern Blocs as the Iron o Stalin did not want SovietCurtain. controlled countries to have open contact with the West and non-Soviet controlled o The leaders ofcountries. the Western Bloc were fearful that communism would spread. o They wanted to contain, or prevent the spread, of communism. o Tensions increased between the US and USSR. o The US used the policy of containment to prevent the spread
of communism. The US did: o offer aid and troops to countries that were in danger of falling to communism The US did o fight communism NOT:where it already existed Both the US and USSR competed to be the stronger country and expand global influence. Proxy Wars
Space Race Sputnik I US troops in Vietnam. Arms Race US nuclear missile rising from the ocean. o The US and USSR wanted to increase their stockpile of nuclear weapons. o They wanted to outdo the other. o Both countries detonated nuclear weapons to show the other its strength.
However, neither country wanted to use its nuclear o They knew a direct war weapons. with nuclear weapons could destroy the earth. Instead, they fought each other through proxy wars. o The US and USSR battled each other indirectly. o Each supported an opposing side involved in a war. o They provided aid and troops. o The US and USSR wanted to further their own agenda. Korean War o The US supported South Korea, while the USSR supported North
Korea and instilled a communist Vietnam War o The US supported noncommunist South Vietnam, while the USSR supported o Not only did the US and USSR compete with one another for the most powerful nuclear weapons, they also competed for the best space exploration and technology. o The Space Race began in 1955. o The Soviets put the first man-made satellite into orbit in 1957. o The Soviets put the first
man in Sputnik I was space in launched on Oct. 1961. 4, 1957. Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon, landing on July 20, 1969. Yuri Gagarin was the first man in space on April 12, 1961. o The Americans landed the first man on the moon in o The Cold War came to an end on December, 24, 1991, when
the USSR dissolved. o Its economy and government were struggling, and its people were unhappy. o 15 independent and separate countries emerged, with Russia being the largest. With the collapse of the USSR, the Cold War came to an end. Fonts, Photos, & Clipart KG Fonts www.teacherspayteachers.com/Store/Kimberly-Geswein-Fonts www.commons.wikimedia.org 2016 2 Brainy Apples/Heather LeBlanc, LLC
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