Analysis KO Analysis Defined Be able to select

Analysis KO Analysis Defined Be able to select

Analysis KO Analysis Defined Be able to select information from a text and infer the meaning. There are different layers to analysis and as you become more confident at analysis you can add the layers of analysis. Common Analysis Phrases Definition Link to the question Select the key focus in the question and use those words or ideas in your response to get started or to refer back to what you are writing about. Terminology The methods used by the writer. The technical words used to describe what the language does or the structure is doing in a piece of text. Methods What the writer does in the writing (the terminology). Language The words or phrase combinations that are used in the piece of writing to create an effect. Structure The way a text has been organised. Anything that is a deliberate choice of how the text has been put together. Quotation (quotes) Repeat or copy out (words from a text or speech written or spoken by another person). Overview meaning Show an understanding of what the whole text means. Literal/obvious meaning The surface meaning of a quotation or an idea. Inferred/hidden meaning The under the surface meaning of a quotation or an idea (see inference). Inference Reaching a conclusions about the meaning or intention of a text, quote, phrase or word based on reasoning and evidence in the text. Zoom in Close focus on one word from a quotation that you have explored or single word analysis. Connotations Exploring the inferred meanings of the word, can be multiple meanings. Writers intentions What the author wanted you to understand from the text they are writing, this can be about the issues, themes or what was happening at the time, as well as their perspective Alternative opinions Being able to offer more than one idea about what the quotation, word, phrase or writer is trying to say. Multi-quotation analysis or quotation clusters Linking quotations from across the text or linking quotations to show understanding of particular ideas that have been used in the text. Context This can be: social (about the people of the time or the author of the texts life); historical (about what was happening in that time period); political (what was happening to the policies that governments made that influenced how people felt). Analytical verbs Using suggests/implies/infers/creates/demonstrates etc. to show that you can explore the meaning of a text. Effect What the text, quotation, phrase or word makes you think or feel and why? + Why? Using because to develop your reason for saying what a text, quotation, phrase or word means. Triplets Using three ideas about a text or three adjectives to help support your inference. Basic analysis is explaining the meaning of a text, using a quote and stating the obvious meaning. Advanced analysis is developing the basic analysis to include: reasons for your thinking; alternative opinions; zoom in on words and exploring connotations; examining the writers intentions and being able to link ideas and quotations across a text; skilfully embedding context when relevant; going from an overview of the meaning to a close reading of the text. The Invisible Process to help with analysis: Questions you can ask yourself: WHAT: Is the meaning? Evidence or quotation supports what I am saying? Is suggested or implied in the phrase or word? Terminology is used? Stands out when I read the text? Is the literal/inferred (hidden/obvious) meaning? Is the intention of the writer? Has the writer chosen to say or not say? Effect does the writing have? HOW: Has the writer used language/.structure? Has the writer created a mood and atmosphere? Has the writer changed or contrasted events or ideas? Developed the setting or the character? The writer been influenced by what is happening in society, the time period or politics? Has the writer been influenced by their own views or experiences? Does the writer make you feel or think this? WHY: Has the writer used specific words or phrases? Has the writer told me this information? Has the writer portrayed characters, events or ideas in certain ways? Do you think this? The terminology on this page is not every example of terminology that you will come across for language and structure, rather these are some of the main ones. Other terminology will be used and can be focused on in your analysis. Language Terminology Meaning: with all terminology spotting it or labelling it doesnt get you the marks. Being able to explain the EFFECT of what the writer does is the key. Structure Terminology Meaning: with all terminology spotting it or labelling it doesnt get you the marks. Being able to explain the EFFECT of what the writer does is the key. Sentence focus: Simple, compound, complex Simple single clause sentence

Compound - sentence joined with a connective Complex embedded clauses or adverb/connective starts Links of events across the text Spotting patterns in what happens across the text, e.g: introduction of new characters throughout the text, or repetition of a symbol or idea or event. Characterisation Development of character and what makes them interesting. Imagery: simile, metaphor, personification General term for visually descriptive or figurative language. Using like or as to compare Comparing two things as if they are something else Comparing something with human characteristics Tone The way the mood is expressed in a piece of writing. Word Focused analysis: Adjective Noun Verb Adverb Pronoun Connotations Semantic field General term for close language focus A word used to describe The name of a person, place, name and object The action How the action is carried out Replacement for names Exploring a range of implied meanings for words Groups of words that are from a similar family of words Mood Creating or suggests a particular feeling or state of mind. Atmosphere The tone or mood of a place, situation, or creative work. Action Something takes place or occurs within the writing Pathetic Fallacy Using the weather to set the tone or mood or atmosphere in the writing Setting The place within a piece of writing Persuasive techniques: Anecdotes Facts Opinions Statistics Rhetorical questions General term for rhetorical techniques A short story about a personal experience Can be proven Your own thoughts or ideas %, facts and figures to support your argument Questions that do not require an answer Contrasts or juxtaposition A difference Two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect. Volta or Change A turning point in a piece of text. When something alters in the text Patterns: Listing Triplets Repetition Sibilance Alliteration General term to show word or sound patterns in language Creating a list of ideas Listing three ideas close together or using three ideas Saying something more than once across a text Repetitive s sounds Using the same letter at the beginning of a group of words Punctuation for effect Using punctuation to deliberately add information into the text, or create a specific tone or mood or atmosphere Poetic Terminology Meaning: with all terminology spotting it or labelling it doesnt get you the marks. Being able to explain the EFFECT of what the writer does is the key. Cross Over Terminology: Terminology that can work for structure and language analysis Semantic field, repetition, rhetorical questions, listing, triplets, sibilance, alliteration, To Analyse You can use the following as a basic reminder. You will not use every step, every time you analyse but the general process is helpful Link to the question use terminology embed quotation (s) focus on the meaning explain why the quotation means this offer alternative opinions explore the effect of the quotation embed context (when relevant) zoom in on words or phrases or the quotation and explore the connotations Structure Terms: Poetry: End-stopping Enjambment Caesura Rhyme The extra structure information relevant to poetry. Language terms Poetry: Assonance Consonance The extra language information relevant to poetry. Punctuation at the end of a line of poetry Run on lines at the end of a line of poetry (no punctuation) Punctuation in the middle of a line of poetry (of a word, syllable, or line) have or end with a sound that corresponds to another. Repetition of vowel sounds in poetry Repetition of consonant sounds in poetry

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