Anglo-Saxon and Beowulf Background Background Information 30,000 lines

Anglo-Saxon and Beowulf Background Background Information  30,000 lines

Anglo-Saxon and Beowulf Background Background Information 30,000 lines of Anglo-Saxon poetry survive today 3, 182 (10%) of the lines are from Beowulf

Setting - Denmark and Sweden Author - Unknown, probably a monk Composed in the 7th or 8th century Oldest surviving English poem Anglo-Saxon Culture

Belief in fate (Wyrd) Accumulated treasures amount to success Fame and fortune zealously sought after Loyalty to ones leader crucial Importance of pagan, Germanic, and Christian ideals to people whose lives were

often hard and uncertain Anglo-Saxon Culture Fierce, hardy life of warrior and seamen Strength, courage, leadership abilities appreciated Boisterous yet elaborately ritualized customs of the

mead-hall Expected the hero to boast Anglo-Saxon Ideals Codes of Conduct Good defeats evil Wergild--restitution for murder or expect revenge from victims relatives Boasts must be backed with actions.

Fate is in control Fair fights are the only honorable fights Epic Poem Long narrative poem that recounts the adventures of a hero. Elevated language Does not sermonize Invokes a muse

Begins in media res Mysterious origin, super powers, vulnerability, rite of passage The Epic Hero Actions consist of responses to catastrophic situations in which the supernatural often intervenes. Code of conduct forces him to challenge any threat

to society Destiny discovered through a series of episodes punctuated by violent incidents interspersed with idyllic descriptions. Elements of Anglo-Saxon Poetry Chant-like effect of the four-beat line Alliteration (Then the grim man in green gathers his strength)

Caesura-pause or break in a line of poetry ( Oft to the wanderer weary of exile) Kenning-metaphorical phrase used instead of a name (battle-blade and ring-giver) Epithet-description name to characterize something (keen-edge sword) Hyperbole-exaggeration

Title of Epic Poem Anglo-Saxon word Beo means bright or noble Anglo-Saxon word wulf means wolf Beowulf means bright or noble wolf

Other sources say Beo means bear How we date Beowulf Some Important Dates: 521 A.D. death of Hygelac, who is mentioned in the poem 680 A.D. appearance of alliterative verse 835 A.D. the Danish started raiding other

areas; after this, few poets would consider them heroes SO: This version was likely composed between 680 and 835, though it may be set earlier The Poetry in Beowulf 1. Alliterative verse a. Repetition of initial sounds of words (occurs in every line)

b. Generally, four feet/beats per line c. A caesura, or pause, between beats two and four d. No rhyme The Poetry in Beowulf 2. Kennings a. Compound metaphor (usually two words) b. Most were probably used over and over

For instance: hronade literally means whaleroad, but can be translated as sea More Kennings Other kennings from Beowulf: bone-house = body gold-friend of men = generous prince ring-giver = lord

flashing light = sword Setting: Beowulfs time and place Europe today Insert: Time of Beowulf Some terms youll want to

know scop A bard or story-teller. The scop was responsible for praising deeds of past heroes, for recording history, and for providing entertainment

Terms: Thane and Mead-Hall thane A warrior mead-hall The large hall where the lord and his warriors slept, ate, held ceremonies, etc.

Term: Wyrd wyrd Fate. This idea crops up a lot in the poem, while at the same time there are Christian references to Gods will.

Main Characters Beowulf Epic hero Geat (from southern Sweden) Nephew of Higlac (King at storys start) Sails to Denmark to

help Hrothgar Hrothgar Danish king Builds Herot (banquet hall) for men Tormented by Grendel for 12 years Loses many men to

Grendel Joyless before Beowulf s arrival Grendel Referred to as demon and fiend Haunts the moors (swampy land)

Descendant of Cain Feasts on 30 men the night of 1st attack Grendels Mother Referred to as shewolf Lives under a lake Challenges Hrothgar when she kills one of

his best men Fire Dragon Lives in Beowulfs kingdom Wakes up when thief steals cup Guards countless treasures

Works Cited Intro to Beowulf

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • The Domain Name System Overview Introduction DNS overview

    The Domain Name System Overview Introduction DNS overview

    In the domain, defines the name uniquely identifiable as "" to be and alias to "" The "MX" Record An MX record defines the mail servers for a particular domain Mail eXchange records hold the name of hosts, and...
  • From Classical to Contemporary

    From Classical to Contemporary

    Early Cinema HUM 3280: Narrative Film Fall 2013 Dr. Perdigao August 26-28, 2013 Staging Mise-en-scène "placement in a scene" or "onstage" (Corrigan and White 64) Scenic elements of a movie—actors, aspects of lighting, sets and settings, costumes, make-up (64) First...
  • Todays session You will learn about Context Studies

    Todays session You will learn about Context Studies

    Calibri Arial Arial Narrow Wingdings Office Theme 1_Office Theme 2_Office Theme Today's session The experimental method The world is not ideal Slide 4 Slide 5 Bickman (1975)
  • Harmonization Topics

    Harmonization Topics

    AC plug-in connector: C14 or C20. DC supply from open rack power-bus bar (11 to 54VDC)? Fuse specification? Preferred location? Communication. Port type and protocol? Preferred location? Facility air-side conditions. Cold-aisle Temperature.
  • PRESENTATION ON VIRTUAL CAMPUS Abstract Virtual reality (VR)

    PRESENTATION ON VIRTUAL CAMPUS Abstract Virtual reality (VR)

    Abstract . Virtual reality (VR) has found many applications in education and the resources of virtual education such as virtual campus virtual laboratory etc. . virtual campus by combining the virtual laboratory and campus with the technique of LAN (Local...
  • Logic I - College of Charleston

    Logic I - College of Charleston

    Logic what is an argument? People argue all the time― that is, they have arguments. It is not often, however, that in the course of having an argument people actually give an argument. Indeed, few of us have ever actually...
  • Sutherland Phonological Awareness Test-Revised - OLSEL-B

    Sutherland Phonological Awareness Test-Revised - OLSEL-B

    Sutherland Phonological Awareness Test-Revised. ... 2 forms - form A and form B- recommended that a different form is used if a child is retested on the SPAT-R within 6 months . Materials needed for the SPAT. Subtest/s.
  • Insuficiena renal acut Conf. Dr. Dan Corneci Clinica

    Insuficiena renal acut Conf. Dr. Dan Corneci Clinica

    SLED = Sustained. low-efficiency. dialysis. SCUF (Slow ContinuousUltraFiltration) Eliminarea apei doar prin procesul fizic de ultrafiltrare. CVVH (ContinuousVenous-VenousHemofiltration) Folosește convecția → îndepărtare volume mari apă și compuși cu M medie/mare.