BELLWORK: 1/15 1. Why did English civilians migrate

BELLWORK: 1/15 1. Why did English civilians migrate to the New World? 2. Why did the British government tax the colonists? 2 reasons! 3. Why did conflict start in Boston? 4. What does Thomas Paine argue in Common Sense? How did it influence the American Revolution? (494) 5. THINKER: What is a militia? Why are militias used?

Thomas Paines Common Sense Published anonymously in January 1776 Presented American colonists with an argument for freedom from the British at a time when the question of seeking independence was still undecided Paine wrote and reasoned in a style that the commoner could understand Increased colonial unity, understanding of

common goals and desire to seek independence. Why do you think it was called common sense? Causes of the American Revolution

As the king continued to implement taxes, martial law and oppressive rule,

revolution became more likely. The desire to fight for independence started in Boston, MA why? Widespread boycotts More politically radical More defiant of British laws British military occupation Wealthy due to trade; did not want to share this wealth with the British!

Openly defiant of British taxes Causes of the American Revolution Causes & Effects Note Wkst. Unrest in Boston: Review flow chart In order to enforce new laws (like the Declaratory Act), Britain sent

soldiers to the new colonies. Boston became the center of conflict between the colonists (Patriots/Rebels) and British (Tories/Loyalists) Boston Massacre: On March 5, 1770, a squad of British soldiers were harassed by a Boston crowd, eventually leading to gunfire and

five American deaths. Unrest in Boston Britain responded by implementing the Tea Act Increased tax on tea Could ONLY buy tea from British companies

Increased punishment for illegal trade of tea Boston Tea Party: colonists snuck onto tea ships and dumped the chests of tea into the harbor. (5/10/1773)

The Destruction of Tea at Boston Harbor by: Nathan Currier, 1846 British Response to Tea Party Intolerable Acts Closed Boston Harbor until all tea was repaid Reasserted control in

MA Quartering Act How did colonists respond to this? First Continental Congress September 5, 1774

Unite all colonies against Great Britain Organized boycotts Argued they should have right to make laws in the colonies Try compromise Agreed to meet again if things did not improve

First Continental Congress Review: Causes of British American Colonial Conflict America the Story of Us: Rebels Thursday January 16th No bellwork today!

Take the first few minutes to study for your map quiz - we will start shortly! Once you are done with the map quiz, create an advantages/disadvantages chart in your notes. Brainstorm some strengths and weaknesses of the colonial army. Be ready to discuss! The Shot Heard Around the World

On April 19, 1775, 700 British soldiers marched towards Concord (outside of Boston.) At Lexington, they encountered 70 American militia; leaving 8 dead - the British soldiers continued to Concord At Concord, fighting between the two forces broke out. (American militia now 500 men) By the time the British soldiers reached Boston, there were 273 British casualties and 88 American casualties.

Second Continental Congress May 10, 1775

Congress tried one final compromise with Britain. King George refused. Organized an army under George Washington. Discussed military strategy. Began drafting the United States Declaration of Independence Congress acted as the first legitimate American government.

If Britain tried to compromise, do you think colonists could have avoided revolution? Were there any alternative options or was war imminent? Explain! "Washington Crossing the Delaware" by Emanuel Leutze "Yes, we must, indeed, all hang together, or

most assuredly we shall all hang separately." Benjamin Franklin at the signing of the Declaration of Independence; 1776 Make a prediction What are the advantages/disadvantages of the colonial army? ADVANTAGES

DISADVANTAGES BELLWORK: 1/17 1. What role did Africans play in shaping the English colonies? 2. List three events that contributed to the outbreak of the American Revolution (focus on Boston) 3. What was decided at the Second Continental Congress?

4. The British military was the largest in the world! So why were the colonists able to win? (Consider their strengths!) 5. THINKER: What Enlightenment ideas would be represented in the new American government? Birth of a New Nation Read about the ending and effects of the American Revolution and complete your worksheet!

Pages 496-497 Be ready to discuss! Colonial Victory! As a result of guerrilla warfare, strong leadership and aide from France, the colonists won the revolution!

Treaty of Paris: recognized independence of the United States of America! (Also expanded borders) U.S. Constitution Used Enlightenment ideals as a foundation.

Set up a federal system, political authority divided between the national and state governments. Separation of powers between executive, legislative, and judicial branches. A republic with an elected president.

Bill of Rights The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution. Government must protect certain civil liberties, such as: Freedom of speech, religion, and the press

Right to private property and trial by jury Spread of Revolution The American Revolution influences several other countries French Revolution (overthrow the monarchy!) Haitian Revolution (fight for freedom!) Latin American Revolutions (independence!)

List three similarities between the American Revolution and the English Civil War.

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