4/28 Focus: Military technology and disease allowed the
4/28 Focus: Military technology and disease allowed the Spanish to quickly conquer Native people in the Americas. Important Terms Encomienda System Do Now: Identify one way that the Inca adapted to their physical geography
and environment. European Exploration and Imperialism in the Americas The Encounter Oct. 1492 Columbus lands in the West Indies
Encounters Native Americans Initial relations between Spanish and Native Americans were friendly This changed when the Spanish tried to exploit Native Americans and
their lands for profit God, Gold, and Glory God: Spanish wanted to convert Native Americans to Christianity Missionaries: priests who
came to the Americas to convert Native Americans Gold: acquire wealth for Spain Glory: personal wealth and power Conquistadors Spanish soldiers who came to North and South
America for God, Gold, Glory Conquered native people throughout the Americas Guns germs (disease) iron weapons the horse Conquistadors Hernan Cortez
Explored Mexico Conquered the Aztec Empire in 1519 Conquistadors Francisco Pizarro Explored south America Destroyed the Incan Empire in 1532
Missions A religious community that usually included a town, surrounding farmland, and a church
Spanish Colonial Economy Was based on: mining gold and silver Farming sugar cane on plantations
Treasures Treasures from from the the Americas! Americas! The Encomienda System Forced Native Americans to pay tribute or provide
labor to Spanish landowners The Encomienda System Disease and overwork killed large numbers of Native Americans Led Spanish to start bringing slaves from Africa to work
plantations Bartolome de la Casas Spanish priest who convinced the Spanish govt to pass a law which forbid using Indians as slaves Led to Spain using Africans as slaves Known as the protector of
the Indians The The Spanish Spanish Class Class Structure Structure in in the the Americas Americas
Peninsular es Creoles Mestizo s Mulattoes Native Americans People born in Spain People born in America
with Spanish parents People with mixed Spanish and Native American/African parents African Spanish Class Structure in the Americas
Peninsulares People born in Spain; owned the land; ran govt Creoles Born to Spanish parents in the Americas Mesitzos & Mulattoes People with Spanish and Indian/African parents
Native Americans & Enslaved Africans Spanish Government in the Americas Spanish Viceroyalties Spain divided its territory into 4 provinces Each province run by a viceroy appointed by king
Closure Identify three reasons that Spanish conquistadors came to the Americas. What was the Encomienda System? Why did Spain begin bringing in African slaves as labor on their plantations?
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