Native American Representation in Children's Literature: Challenging the

Native American Representation in Children's Literature: Challenging the

Native American Representation in Children's Literature: Challenging the People of t he Past Narrative, by Julie Stivers Eds Note: Today, AICL is pleased to share a study done by Julie Stivers, a graduate student at UNC-Chapel Hill, School of Library and Information Science. Ms. Stivers shared the poster (below) with me earlier this week. I was reading Ed Valandra's article that day and sent it to her because her study confirms Vine Deloria Jr.'s observations about books published from 1968 to 1975 (Valandra's article is listed below in Additional Resources). Of those four years, Deloria wrote (p. 105-106): ...it seemed as if every book on modern Indians was promptly buried by a book on the "real" Indians of yesteryear. The public overwhelming[ly] turned to Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee and The Memories of Chief Red Fox to avoid the accusations made by modern Indians in The Tortured Americans and Custer Died for Your Sins. The Red Fox book alone sold more copies than the two modern books.

http://americanindiansinchildrensliterature.blogspot.com/2015/04/native-america n-representation-in.html Contemporary Realistic Fiction Realistic stories address can address the sad or harsh realities that children face as well happy situations of family and school life. Stories that could happen to people or animals The protagonists are fiction, but they represent situations that can happen to real people Factional Realism-describes real people or events Situational Realism-a situation that is like to happen Emotional Realism-believable feelings and relationships Social Realism-an honest portrayal of conditions of the moment Marshall, M.R. (1988) An Introduction to the World of Childrens Books

Types of Realistic Fiction Adventure and Survival Animal Stories Cultural Diversity Family Life Growing Up Mysteries Sports Stories about Peers Stories about People with Disabilities Why Read Realistic Fiction? Childrens literature arouses their imagination,

emotions and sympathies. It awakens their desire to read, enlarges their lives, and provides a sense of purpose and identity for children. Jim Trelease The Read Aloud Handbook Realism for children involves reflection, both as a mirror showing real life and as a mode of thought in which the meaning of that life is contemplated. Joan I. Glazer literature Introduction to childrens

Evaluation of Contemporary Realistic Fiction Plot Characterization Confict Theme Setting Style

Poorly written realistic fiction will display one or more of the following characteristics: poorly developed stereotypical characters; problems that seem overwhelming, but can be solved too easily improbably settings so steeped in current jargon and technology that the story will become dated The John Green Phenomenon Nerdfighters

International Books The World We Live In Why Read Contemporary International Books What are the potential benefits of using international books with children and young adults? Are there any downsides? Can children get excited about reading books set in other countries, or books that are actually from other countries? Through realism readers gain the experience of living somewhere else, living with strangers, smelling exotic foods cooking, or seeing flashes of color in dress and personality. They see that societies are not all alike and they are values in each. They can explore different systems of child rearing, and

variations in customs, and by extension learn more about what forces affect people. (Glazer: 420) Themes of Conflict Character vs. Nature Character vs. Society Character vs. Self Considerations for Selecting Young Adult Literature Contemporary Realistic Fiction When evaluating a contemporary realistic fiction novel, ask:

Are there engaging and true-to-life, well-rounded characters who are both wise and foolish while they are growing and changing? Is there an accurate reflection of the human condition and contemporary life without stereotyping? Is there a sensitivity to all people regardless of sex or sexual orientation, race, religion, age, socioeconomic level, social group, or culture? Does the plot appeal to young adults; address the challenges, hopes, and fears as well as the problems faced by contemporary adolescents; and offer hope for the future? Does the plot ask young adults to consider or reconsider their own values and beliefs, inspire without providing handy resolutions (Aronson, 2001, p. 119), and not talk down to readers or tell them what to think? Is the setting believable? Is there an appropriate treatment of violence that never glamorizes violence, records it more graphically than necessary, or includes it gratuitously?

Does the language accurately reflect the characters as well as their educational status, social class, culture, and the place in which they live? Excerpt from Young Adult Literature Exploration, Evaluation, and Appreciation, by K. Bucher, M. L. Manning, 2006 edition, p. 102-103. Setting is a rural Pakistani Village Theme is the resiliency and strength of spirit of the children dealing with poverty "Our lives will always be in the hands of our mothers, whether we like it or not." Nazia doesn't mind when her friends tease and call her a good beti, a dutiful daughter. Growing up in a

working-class family in Karachi, Pakistan, Nazia knows that obedience is the least she can give to her mother, who has spent years saving and preparing for her jahez, or dowry. Nazia's future seems assured as she is promised in marriage to her cousin. But fourteen-year-old Nazia must grow up fast when her father has an accident at work, and her family finds themselves without money for rent or food. http://www.amjedqamar.com/Reviews.html http://wowlit.org/on-line-publications/review/reviewi2/11/ Why are stories about different cultures

different worlds, reallyimportant for Americans to read? In modern times the world is one placethe globe is not just shrinking, it has already shrunk. Children need and want to read about how people in other parts of the world live because we are all connected. When we buy something that seems like a great deal, it might have been made by exploiting children halfway around the world. We must stop and think about that. Every day we hear stories about environmental degradation, human rights violations, war, and water shortage, which seem far away but will eventually catch up with us

because we share the same planet and the same resources. More than anything else, we must read, understand, and empathize with other cultures, even other species, because we share the same journey, not only as fellow human beings but as fellow earth-dwellers. Setting is a rural Indian village Theme is human rights http://kashmirasheth.com/books/younger_readers/boy s_wo_names_dg.pdf Josh and his twin brother Jordan live for the game and plan to play at rival colleges.

Their mother is tough but fair with the boys, but she tries in vain to persuade their father to make healthier choices. An explayer whose pro dreams faded after an injury, he lives through the boys achievements while wolfing down Krispy Kremes. One crisis leads to another, and soon the family is mourning an irreplaceable loss. Cultures & Connections is a series of multicultural book kits that connect fiction and nonfiction texts, Ohio history and biography, and Ohios New Learning Standards (Common Core).

Two teens find each other surrounded by the destruction left in the wake of the most devastating tsunami the world has ever seen: Ruslan, a native of Aceh, in search of his missing father, whom he hopes has not been added to the fallen; and Sarah, an American girl, who has already lost her mother and is now struggling to find medical treatment for her sick brother. Only together can they find what they're searching for. Setting is Indonesia

Theme is resilience of the human spirit in the face of unimaginable suffering in the aftermath of a natural disaster. Based on the true story of Arn Chorn Pond, a boy who survived the Killing Fields of the Khmer Rouge to become a human rights activist. When soldiers arrive in his hometown in Cambodia, Arn is just a kid, dancing to rock 'n' roll, hustling for spare change, and selling ice cream with his brother. But after the soldiers march the entire population into the countryside, Arn's life is changed forever. He is separated from his family and assigned to a

labor camp; working in the rice paddies under a blazing sun, he sees the other children, weak from hunger, malaria, or sheer exhaustion, dying before his eyes. He sees prisoners marched to a nearby mango grove, never to return. And he learns to become invisible to the sadistic Khmer Rouge, who can give or take away life on a whim. Setting is Cambodia Addresses topics of genocide and war https://vimeo.com/6521310 http://wowlit.org/on-line-publications/review/wowreview-volume-v-issue-1/7/ The protagonist is a young girl named

Valli who leaves the only life she knows the coal pits of Jharia, Indiaand hops a truck to an unknown destination. Its a daring move, since shes without money, protection, or a plan. Valli arrives at the great city of Kolkata, where she is endlessly fascinated by the panorama of cultures, people, and industry she sees around her. She keeps herself alive hour by hour, unable to think beyond her immediate needs. See more at: http://forum.teachingbooks.net/?p=681 6#sthash.TY2zK8cp.dpuf

Setting is India While addressing topics of child sexslavery, poverty, homelessness, and leprosy theme is hope and resiliency http://leadingthroughreading.blogspot.co m/2012/09/no-ordinary-day.html http://wowlit.org/on-line-publications/review/wo w-review-volume-v-issue-3/12/ In the summer of 2001, twelve year old Fadis parents make the difficult decision to illegally leave Afghanistan and move the family to the United States. When their underground transport arrives at the rendezvous point,

chaos ensues, and Fadi is left dragging his younger sister Mariam through the crush of people. But Mariam accidentally lets go of his hand and becomes lost in the crowd, just as Fadi is snatched up into the truck. With Taliban soldiers closing in, the truck speeds away, leaving Mariam behind. - See more at: http://books.simonandschuster.com/Shooting-Kabul/NH-Senzai/9781442401952#sthash.I6vIk7Zr.dpuf Setting is Afghanistan Theme is hope, love, and perseverance Fadi never imagined hed start middle school in

Fremont, California, thousands of miles away from home in Kabul. Adjusting to life in the United States isnt easy for Fadis family and as the events of September 11th unfold, the prospects of locating Mariam in a war torn Afghanistan seem slim -impossible. http://imyourneighborbooks.curiouscitydpw.com/category/s etting/afghanistan-set-in/ Roy uses the short story to explore the lives of the young residents of an Australian town and the social tapestry of their community. This town doesn't have a name. But if it seems familiar, its because we recognize the people who

walk its streets. From the serendipity of an unexpected moment of connection, to the sadness of leaving home, and the pain of the desperate decisions we make, these stories take a personal and uncompromising look at life. Love and loss, grief, humor and passion. Hope and hopelessness. Thirteen linked stories, spanning a year in the lives of thirteen young people, from a town near you. Setting is Australia http://www.uqp.uq.edu.au/skins/uqp/_uploads/TeachersNotes/Town.pdf Our mission is to build bridges across global

cultures through childrens and adolescent literature. Browse a list of resources available on our site. http://wowlit.org/ WOW Review WOW Review: Reading Across Cultures is an electronic journal of critical reviews on childrens and adolescent literature that highlights intercultural understanding and cultural authenticity. Visit our alphabetical list of titles reviewed by Worlds of Words. Mission statement The mission of the International Children's Digital Library Foundation (ICDL Foundation) is to support the world's children in becoming effective members of the global

community - who exhibit tolerance and respect for diverse cultures, languages and ideas -- by making the best in children's literature available online free of charge. The Foundation pursues its vision by building a digital library of outstanding children's books from around the world and supporting communities of children and adults in exploring and using this literature through innovative technology designed in close partnership with children for children. http://hcil2.cs.umd.edu/trs/2007-02/2007-02.pdf http://www.nenpl.org/childrens/international/index.php http://www.ibby.org/1494.0.html http://usbby.org/icbd.html

The United States Board on Books for Young People (USBBY) serves as the U.S. national section of the International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY), which was founded to promote international understanding and good will through books for children and adolescents. http://usbby.org In this lovely anthology, Hammill has collected rhymes from various cultures around the world that will provide listeners with a genuine intercultural experience. Over 77 artists illustrate the rhymes. Hammill included those new to the field alongside our favorites: Jon Klassen, Polly Dunbar, Nina Crews, Shaun Tan, Helen Craig, Charlotte Voake, Axel Scheffler, and many more.

Join us for the next ALSC Webinar coming on Thursday, May 7 at 2pm (CST): Celebrating with Poetry Snapshots. How do we mark milestones throughout the year? With photographs, when possiblebut what about those moments that a camera can't capture? A poem is a verbal snapshot, words that freeze and share an experience. Poems can provide social connection, while building language skill, memory and empathy. In this webinar, well model the use of poetry for celebrating more than 150 holidays and occasions throughout the year (from Poem in Your Pocket Day to National Pet Week to Juneteenth to International Talk-Like-a-Pirate Day to World Bread Day), along with instructional strategies, cross-curricular connections, diversity dynamics, and collection development and programming tips. Led by poet and author Janet Wong and Sylvia Vardell, well weave together educator and poet perspectives and start a poetry celebration that can last all year long.

All participants will receive a link for a free e-book of celebration poems for the whole month of May. Participants will become familiar with resources for sharing and promoting poetry with children and families to celebrate significant days throughout the calendar year, including traditional holidays, childhood landmarks, historical events, and diverse cultures. Participants will be engaged in strategies for using poetry to celebrate occasions, events, and accomplishments with children and families of diverse backgrounds. Participants will learn specific methods for promoting literacy learning and cross-curricular connections for children developing language and content knowledge

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