Take off with history! Welcome to September 1!

Take off with history! Welcome to September 1! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 891: Germans stop the advancing Vikings north of Brussels. Who were the Vikings, where were they from and what were they known for? American History: 1836: Marcus and Narcissa Whitman arrive in Washington as missionaries to the native populations. Write a brief response as if you were a Native American, seeing your first white people. Word of the day: Missionary: A missionary is a person who travels to areas that are usually more primitive than their culture and they teach of their faith. What makes such a journey honorable and less than honorable? Bonus Corner: Common sense and a sense of humor are the same thing, moving at different speeds. A sense of humor is just common sense, dancing. William James What makes you dance? Take off with history!

Welcome to September 2! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 490 B.C.E: When the Greeks beat the Persians at the Battle of Marathon, Pheiddipides ran to Athens to tell the good news. The distance, 26 miles, has since taken the battles name. It also took the runners life through exhaustion. What drives us to go past our limits? American History: 1752: England and the colonies switch calendars and end up dropping September 3-13 for that year. Create an imaginary destination or scenario for those lost Days in 1752. Word of the day: Colonies: Many powerful European nations established colonies in lesser developed areas and claimed them as their own. What would be the advantages and disadvantages of this arrangement? Bonus Corner: 1969: What failed series went on to later Fame? The whole crew is spacy. Pointed ears are in! Teleporting debuts. They go where no man has gone before.

Take off with history! Welcome to September 3! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 590: Gregory becomes the first pope. What is a pope and what role does he play in our world today? American History: 1855: American General William Harney, with 700 soldiers, attacked and killed 100 Native Americans, even though the Sioux chief offered to surrender. List 3-5 examples of what makes this unfair. Word of the day: Surrender: What does it mean to surrender? What are the reasons why one chooses to surrender? What are the risks? Bonus Corner: 1875: The designer of the Porsche (and Volkswagen and the WW2 tiger Tank) is born. What special innovations do you predict will become part of cars in your adult life? Take off with history! Welcome to September 4! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History:

476: The Roman Empire comes to an end. Rome was a mighty power, but no one is invincible. What do you think strengthens a country and what do you think weakens it? American History: 1972: Mark Spitz wins his 7th gold medal. As we know, that record was broken by Michael Phelps. What is your favorite Olympic event to watch? What event would you love to compete in? Word of the day: Invincible: incapable of destruction. There have been individuals and countries that have felt invincible throughout history. What super power would you like to acquire that would make you almost invincible? How would you use it for good? Bonus Corner: Who am I? I was an Apache. I was known as a fierce warrior. I surrendered this day in 1886. Often, people yell my name when they jump or drop off of something high. Take off with history! Welcome to September 5! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 1666: A plan to rebuild London is begun following the Great Fire which burned most of the city. Fire is so terribly destructive. In what ways has your community or family been impacted by fire? American History: 1882: America celebrates the first Labor Day. This holiday is meant to honor the workers in our society. Why do you think it is important to give respect to this group? Word of the day: Labor Force: the people who work. These people comprise a variety of abilities and drive, but all contribute to the success of their employer. What labor do you see as your expertise and what training will you require to get there? Bonus Corner: I was born on the prairies where the wind blew free and there was nothing to break the light of the sun. I was born where there were no enclosures. Geronimo The name of Geronimo was feared by many whites. What does this Apache mean by his words? What does he fear? Take off with history! Welcome to September 6!

Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1522: Magellan returned after 3 years, having circumnavigated the world. He returned with 1 of 5 ships and 22 of 270 men. Why do you think the casualties were so high? Give 3-5 reasons. American History: 1901: President McKinley was assassinated, One of four to lose their lives in the Oval office. Who were the other three? Word of the day: Circumnavigation: the act of circling the entire world. This has been attempted by boat and plane. What personal skills would be necessary for a person or group to do this successfully? Bonus Corner: Who am I? I am a comedian. I was born in 1959. I have had my own TV show. I still consider myself blue collar. I am not a redneck! Take off with history! Welcome to September 7! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History:

1940: Beginning the first night of 57 consecutive nights, 300 Germans bombers blitzed London. Imagine how the people of London felt on day 58. Create a quote that was stated on that day! American History: 1776: The first submarine was used in battle. What do you find most intriguing by submarines? Would you like a ride or not? Explain your choice. Word of the day: Uncle Sam: This title/name was born in 1813. This representative of the United States has evolved over time. Click here to see his many faces! Bonus Corner: 1860: Grandma Moses is born. She worked hard all her life, but arthritis tightened her joints so as a spry 76-year-old, she took up painting and was very successful. What new skill would you like to explore in your old age? Take off with history! Welcome to September 8! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1429: Joan of Arc, while attempting to help recover Paris from English occupiers,

is wounded. She was later captured by England, branded as a heretic and burned at the stake. She was 19. What is a heretic? American History: 1892: The Pledge of Allegiance is first published. It was written by Francis Bellamy to honor the American Flag. What does it mean to pledge? Word of the day: Allegiance: Allegiance means loyalty. Why is it important for citizens to be loyal to their country? How can disagreement still show loyalty? Bonus Corner: 1938: Chester Carlson imagines a machine that would simplify his job in the Patent office. He called it a photocopier. It would save him copying each patent by hand. The first useful photocopier was invented 20 years later. What inventions have even surpassed the photocopier? Take off with history! Welcome to September 9! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1499: Vasco de Gama returned home to Portugal after his third trip to India, establishing a trade route there. What

was the draw to India? American History: 1850: California becomes the 31st state in the United States. What are some of the attractions that draw people to California today? Word of the day: Trade: In ancient times, prior to currency, the system of economy was based on trade. What makes this system simple and what makes this system difficult? Bonus Corner: Who am I? I made my first TV appearance in 1956. I was well liked for my new dance style. Like everyone, I had my hound dog days. I am just a country boy at heart. My music definitely lives on. Take off with history! Welcome to September 10! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1547: At the Battle of Pinkie (yes, the real name), the Scots lost, and the marriage of two young potential monarchs was thwarted. Henry the VII was 10, Mary, Queen of Scots, was 5. Why were marriages in some cultures determined by the families? Why so young?

American History: 1913: The Lincoln Highway opens as the first coast to coast United States highway. Not only that, it was paved! Those early roads were all two lane (one each direction). What challenges would that present? Word of the day: Scarce: This term was used when the item in our bonus corner was in short supply. It would be wonderful if some other things in life became scarce. What are 5 things you wish were scarce? Bonus Corner: What am I? I was rationed beginning in 1942. I can be found if you can dig it! I am often called liquid gold! That is most true when used by trucks. Our dependence on me is a bad thing. Take off with history! Welcome to September 11! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1581: A Royal Charter is created to encourage trade between England and the Ottomans. Who were the Ottomans? American History:

2001: The World Trade Centers twin towers are destroyed by terrorist attacks. Death toll: about 3000 citizens, 343 firefighters and 23 policemen. Click here to view the impact. Word of the day: Charter: A charter is a formal document which identifies the rights of a group. Our Constitution is an example of a charter. What do you think were the reasons for establishing a charter early on in a countrys history? Bonus Corner: "The attacks of September 11th were intended to break our spirit. Instead we have emerged stronger and more unified. We feel renewed devotion to the principles of political, economic, and religious freedom, the rule of law and respect for human life. We are more determined than ever to live our lives in freedom." -Rudolph Giuliani, former mayor of NYC Share your thoughts! Take off with history! Welcome to September 12! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1940: Four French boys enter a cave and discovered the Lascaux cave paintings, thought to date back 15,000 to 17,000 years. You are one of those boys. What do you

tell reporters? American History: 1974: Violence erupts in Boston when the courts have forced bussing to transport African American youth to integrate all white schools. What were probably some thoughts of the young African Americans riding that bus to their new school? Word of the day: Integration: The intermixing of people who before were separated. What are the plusses of blending all types of people together? Why does it frighten some? Bonus Corner: Who am I? I was born on this day in 1913. I was quick on my feet. Training was tough because of my race. I won a four medals in 1936 but was snubbed by two world leaders. Take off with history! Welcome to September 13! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1993: Israeli and Palestinian leaders sign a Peace pact. It is the first time that Israel is recognized as a country by the Palestinian

nations. How does that alter relationships among those countries? American History: 1847: The Americans defeat the last vestige of resistance from the Mexican Resistance and the Mexican-American War ends. Why are good relationships with our neighbors crucial? Word of the day: Pact: an agreement, usually for peace. Peace is an elusive element in our world. What can individuals do to assist in the continuation and/or the establishment of peace worldwide? Bonus Corner: If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner. --Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela survived some of the harshest conditions as a young man in South Africa. What do his words mean and why are his words hard to follow? Take off with history! Welcome to September 14! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1368: The Ming Dynasty of China defeats

the Mongols and occupy Beijing. Who were the Mongols and what was their reputation? American History: 1716: This first lighthouse in America is lit for the first time at the entrance to Boston Harbor. What role did a lighthouse play in those days? Are they more or less valuable today? Why? Word of the day: Maritime: Maritime means of the sea. Maritime laws are the guidelines that are followed away from port. What types of law might be needed when a group is at sea that would not be needed on land? Bonus Corner: 1975: Elizabeth Ann Seton is canonized which means she is made a saint. She established a Catholic school for girls and spent her life in charity work. What charities do you support? What is the role of volunteers in charities? Take off with history! Welcome to September 15! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1940: In the Battle of Britain, The Royal Air Force downs 56 aircraft in less than an

hour. What were the air battles called in World War 2, and why do you think they were called that? American History: 1963: Four young African American girls were killed while attending church by a bomb planted by the Ku Klux Klan. This provided a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement. Why do we often need a tragedy to force us to do the right thing? Word of the day: Catalyst: A catalyst is an event that forces action. What have been catalysts in your life that have forced you to do something? (Remember, a catalyst can be a positive or negative statement or event) Bonus Corner: Who am I? I am full of words. Some of them are a mystery to me! I was British born in 1890. I am still read by many today. I wrote, If one sticks too rigidly to ones principles, one would hardly ever see Anyone. Take off with history! Welcome to September 16! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History:

1964: Canada enacted legislation that created a treaty with the United States, regulating the use of hydroelectric power generated by the Columbia River. Natural power is so important. Create a slogan, encouraging the support of renewable energy. American History: 1893: 100,000 people hit the ground running as they entered Oklahoma, hoping to claim land that was formally held by Native Americans. What stories might you tell around the campfire the night before to discourage a few of those people from competing for the land? Word of the day: Energy: Energy is power. What do you have lots of energy for and what do you have almost no energy to do? How do you force yourself to do what you feel you have no power to do? Bonus Corner: What am I? I left my native England 1620. I was good at sailing . I carried 102 brave souls who look for freedom. My name is a compound word made from a month plus a blossom. Take off with history!

Welcome to September 17! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 14: The Roman Senate made Caesar Augustus a god and added him to the gods of Rome. List 5 things you would change if you were a god! (unfortunately for Caesar, he was already dead and did not get this golden opportunity!) American History: 1787: 38 of the 41 at the Constitutional Convention attendees signed the United States Constitution. This document has governed our nation since then. Imagine the 3 who did not sign it. What do you suppose their opposition could have been? Word of the day: Constitution: A constitution is a document that states how a group is to be governed. Many organizations write their own version to help clarify expectations. What might be some of the guidelines if a constitution was written for your class? Bonus Corner: Who is this famed sleuth, described in writings by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle?

Take off with history! Welcome to September 18! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1932: Mahatma Gandhi of India begins a hunger strike. What was Gandhi protesting and why do people chose a hunger strike as a form of defiance? American History: 1830: The first locomotive, dubbed Tom Thumb, loses an 8 mile race with a horse. Create a closing statement made by the builder of Tom Thumb and the owner of the horse. Word of the day: Protest: Protest means to object to something. Gandhi chose a non-violent form. What would be ways (other than not eating!) to object non-violently? Give 2-3 examples. Bonus Corner: 1850: The U.S. passed a law that required you to return a runaway slave if you captured them, even if you lived in a free state. If you lived in a free state, would you be tempted to break the law? Explain your thoughts. Take off with history! Welcome to September 19!

Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1959: Russia and most of the noncommunist world were on chilly terms with each other (often called the Cold War). Khrushchev, leader of Russia at the time, exploded with anger because the U.S. would not allow him to visit what family vacation destination? American History: 1796: George Washington delivers his farewell speech and retires. What do you think he would do in retirement? Word of the day: Communism: Communism is a governmental style that everyone works but all share equally. The problem is that even in communistic countries, there still is a group who receives more than others. Why would having pure communism be difficult? Bonus Corner: 1956: Groucho Marx, one of historys greatest comedians, coined this quote: Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like A banana. How did he use humor to turn this phrase? Take off with history! Welcome to September 20! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 1643: 6,000 die in the English civil war. Why do countrymen wage battle with each other? American History: 1853: The elevator is invented by Elisha Otis. What other innovations did this probably pave the way for? Word of the day: Civil war: A civil war is a battle within a country. Many countries have had their own version of this conflict. How do you think civil war can be prevented? Bonus Corner: Memorable quote following World War II: Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few. --Winston Churchill What did Churchill mean? Take off with history! Welcome to September 21! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1348: Swiss cities blame the Jews for the plague. Supposedly, the Jews, when tortured, confessed to the poisoning of the wells. Do you think they really did? Explain your answer.

American History: 1780: Benedict Arnold meets with the British to betray the revolutionaries. Why do you think not everyone sided with the patriots in the American Revolution? Word of the day: Plague: A pandemic illness that causes many deaths. The Black Death of the mid 1300s in Europe and Asia was one such event. Why do you think that illness at that time was more deadly that it would be today? Bonus Corner: Who am I? I was born in 1947. I write of terror. My name almost has a regal sound. Have you noticed The Shining? Take off with history! Welcome to September 22! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1791: Born on this day was Michael Faraday in England. He was responsible for the creation of the electric motor, transformer and the generator. How do we use these types of independent electrical sources today?

American History: 1969: Willie Mays, Baseball Hall of Famer, hit is 601st homerun, surpassing Babe Ruths 600 record. What is amazing about this accomplishment? Think of 3-4 amazements! Word of the day: Emancipation Proclamation: The document that, in 1862, gave African-Americans freedom from slavery. Why do you think it has taken so long for African-Americans not only to be free but treated as equals? Bonus Corner: Every time I look at my pocketbook, I think of Jackie Robinson. --Willie Mays Jackie Robinson paved the way for African Americans in major league baseball and because of his efforts, Mays had the career of his life. State your position on this: Baseball players deserve their fame and fortu Take off with history! Welcome to September 23! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1897: The first automobile fatality was a nine year old boy who was attempting to ride on the running board (a step like piece on the side of early cars) and

was killed. Why do children often push the envelope of safety? American History: 1806: Lewis and Clark return from their journeys, having mapped and explored the Northwest. Amazingly, there was only one fatality: Floyd who died of a ruptured appendix. How do you think that the remaining members of this adventure survived the over two year trip? What challenges do you think they faced? Word of the day: Pioneer: A person who ventures into areas previously not explored. It can be land, music or invention. List five characteristics of a true pioneer. Bonus Corner: Who am I? Born in 1930, I was blind by age seven. I pioneered jazz, blues and gospel mixed together. I received a Grammy in 1960. My name sounds like two first names. Take off with history! Welcome to September 24! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 622: Muhammad, prophet of the Muslim, arrived in Medina and the Islamic calendar

begins. Why do you think this faith group created their own calendar? American History: 1789: The Judiciary Act passes Congress and the Supreme Court is born. Why do you think that the writers of this bill required that the judges serve until their death? Word of the day: Supreme: of highest quality. Use the word supreme in two sentences that imply its meaning but have nothing to do with the ultimate court of the land. Bonus Corner: Who am I? I love creating life on my hand. Kermit the Frog was one of my creations. I was the brains (and voice) behind the Muppets. Big Bird was also my innovation. I died at 53 of pneumonia. Take off with history! Welcome to September 25! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1513: Vasco de Balboa (Spanish by birth) became the first European to see the Pacific. He walked across at the Isthmus

of Panama. Write a brief note on his reaction to the site. American History: 1956: The first transatlantic phone call was completed. The line had the capacity of 36 calls at one time. In your own words, create a statement that truly reveals how far we have come in this technology. Word of the day: Technology: Machinery developed from scientific understandings. Make a list of technology you use each day and an estimate of total minutes spent per day. Bonus Corner: One may walk over the highest mountain one step at a time. --Barbara Walters (born 1931) What does this quote tell us about how Barbara Walters views life? Take off with history! Welcome to September 26! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1667: The Parthenon in Greece is damaged when it receives a direct hit from Venetian military forces. The Parthenon was built 447 B.C.E. 438 B.C.E. to honor the Goddess Athena. What does B.C.E. stand

for? Why were the dates written in That order? (447-438) American History: 1772: The first license to practice medicine is available. Professions, such as medicine, appeal to certain types of people. Make a list of 10 characteristics of someone who goes into medicine. Word of the day: Antiquity: Ancient history, especially during the time of ancient Rome and Greece. These cultures have left a lot behind to admire. Click here to view architecture from these cultures. Bonus Corner: Who am I? I died on this date in 1902. I took some great ideas from a guy in Reno, NV, for my clothing. What people loved were the rivets. Many still wear my invention today. Everyone still puts them on one leg at a time. Take off with history! Welcome to September 27! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 1940: Germany, Italy and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact which commits them to

supporting one another militarily. What did each of them nations bring into this alliance from your perspective? American History: 1869: What made Wild Bill Hickok wild? It could have been that on the first day as sheriff, he stopped a fight by shooting one of the combatants dead in Hays City, Kansas. You are citizen of Hays City. What do you say to your neighbors and friends about the new sheriff? Word of the day: Alliance: An agreement for mutual benefit, usually in time of war. When can an alliance be valuable and when can it be detrimental? Bonus Corner: Who am I? MGM signed me on this date at age 13. I was a box office success (SING!). My personal life was another story. I made a film about small people and bad weather! (my traveling companions were rather unconventional) Take off with history! Welcome to September 28! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 551 B.C.E: Confucius is born. He was a

famed Chinese philosopher who possessed uncanny wisdom. In what situations are you the wisest and when do you feel your brain goes on holiday? American History: 1942: The U.S. Army creates the technology that later becomes the stealth bomber. The stealth bombers asset is that at certain altitudes, it is virtually undetectable and thus a great advantage during war time. Describe how you would use this technology in your personal life. Word of the day: Goals: Ideals for accomplishment that encourage growth. What are you goals for this year? In 10 years? In 20 years? Bonus Corner: When it is obvious that the goals cannot be reached, don't adjust the goals, adjust the action steps. --Confucius How can this be applied to life today? Take off with history! Welcome to September 29! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition! World History: 48 B.C.E.: 370 Greek ships defeats a much larger Persian navy. This was the first naval battle in history. Why do you

think that the Greeks could defeat the Persians? American History: 1988: The first American woman reaches the summit of Mount Everest. This is the highest spot on earth (29,035 feet). One of greatest difficulties of this climb is the limited oxygen near the top. Many take oxygen tanks to support breathing. They then discard them along the slope. Should they be allowed to do this? Explain. Word of the day: Rights: Privileges or entitlements that people feel they deserve. What are rights that we have in America that are not shared with all peoples of the world? Bonus Corner: The defense of our rights and our dignity, as well as efforts never to let ourselves to be overcome by the feeling of hatred - this is the road we have chosen. --Lech Walesa Lech won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on the behalf of Polish labor. What do you think is the consequence of feeling hate? Take off with history! Welcome to September 30! Historical brains engagedcommence ignition!

World History: 1953: The Swiss physicist (Piccard), dives his bathyscaphe to a record 10,330 feet. What do you envision will the future hold in deep water exploration? American History: 1889: Wyoming becomes the first state to give women the right to vote. Why do you think Wyoming was so forward thinking in this matter? Word of the day: Envision: To picture something possible in the future. What do you envision will change in the future (outside of deep water exploration)? Write a sketch of what changes you predict in your lifetime. Bonus Corner: 1861: William Wrigley was born. His claim to fame was his chewing gum dynasty. What is your favorite type of gum? Is it made by Wrigley?

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