Data Analytics and its Curricula Microsoft eScience Workshop
Data Analytics and its Curricula Microsoft eScience Workshop October 9 2012 Chicago Geoffrey Fox [email protected] Informatics, Computing and Physics Indiana University Bloomington https://portal.futuregrid.org Data Analytics Broad Range of Topics from Policy to new algorithms Enables X-Informatics where several Xs defined especially in Life Sciences Medical, Bio, Chem, Health, Pathology, Astro, Social, Business, Security, Crisis, Intelligence Informatics defined (more or less) Could invent Life Style (e.g. IT for Facebook), Radar . Informatics Physics Informatics ought to exist but doesnt Plenty of Jobs and broader range of possibilities than computational science but similar issues What type of degree (Certificate, track, real degree) What type of program (department, interdisciplinary group supporting education and research program) https://portal.futuregrid.org 2 Computational Science Interdisciplinary field between computer science and applications with primary focus on simulation areas Very successful as a research area XSEDE and Exascale systems enable Several academic programs but these have been less successful as No consensus as to curricula and jobs (dont appoint faculty in computational science; do appoint to DoE labs) Field relatively small
Started around 1990 Note Computational Chemistry is typical part of Computational Science (and chemistry) whereas Cheminformatics is part of Informatics and data science Here Computational Chemistry much larger than Cheminformatics but Typically data side larger than simulations https://portal.futuregrid.org 3 General Remarks I An immature (exciting) field: No agreement as to what is data analytics and what tools/computers needed Databases or NOSQL? Shared repositories or bring computing to data What is repository architecture? Sources: Data from observation or simulation Different terms: Data analysis, Datamining, Data analytics., machine learning, Information visualization, Data Science Fields: Computer Science, Informatics, Library and Information Science, Statistics, Application Fields including Business Approaches: Big data (cell phone interactions) v. Little data (Ethnography, surveys, interviews) Includes: Security, Provenance, Metadata, Data Management, Curation https://portal.futuregrid.org 4 General Remarks II Tools: Regression analysis; biostatistics; neural nets; bayesian nets; support vector machines; classification; clustering; dimension reduction; artificial intelligence; semantic web Some driving forces: Patient records growing fast (70PB pathology) and Abstract graphs from net leading to community detection Some data in metric spaces; others very high dimension or none Large Hadron Collider analysis mainly histogramming all can be done with MapReduce (larger use than MPI) Commercial: Google, Bing largest data analytics in world
Time Series: Earthquakes, Tweets, Stock Market (Pattern Informatics) Image Processing from climate simulations to NASA to DoD to Radiology (Radar and Pathology Informatics same library) Financial decision support; marketing; fraud detection; automatic preference detection (map users to books, films) https://portal.futuregrid.org 5 Program OnCampus Online Degrees George Mason University Computational and Data Sciences: the combination of applied math, real world CS skills, data acquisition and analysis, and scientific modeling Yes No B.S. Illinois Institute of Technology CS Specialization in Data Science CIS specialization in Data Science Oxford University Data and Systems Analysis ?
Yes Adv. Diploma Bentley University Marketing Analytics: knowledge and skills that marketing professionals need for a rapidly evolving, data-focused, global business environment. Yes ? M.S. Carnegie Mellon MISM Business Intelligence and Data Analytics: an elite set Yes of graduates cross-trained in business process analysis and skilled in predictive modeling, GIS mapping, analytical reporting, segmentation analysis, and data visualization. Carnegie Mellon Very Large Information Systems: train technologists to (a) develop the layers of technology involved in the next generation of massive IS deployments (b) analyze the data these systems generate DePaul University Predictive Analytics: analyze large datasets and develop modeling solutions for decision making, an understanding of the fundamental principles of marketing and CRM Yes ?
MS. Georgia Southern University Comp Sci with concentration in Data and Know. Systems: covers speech and vision recognition systems, expert systems, data storage systems, and IR systems, such as online search engines No Yes M.S. 30 cr School Undergraduate B.S. Masters Survey from Howard Rosenbaum SLIS IU https://portal.futuregrid.org M.S. 9 courses 6 Illinois Institute of Technology CS specialization in Data Analytics: intended for Yes learning how to discover patterns in large amounts of data in information systems and how to use these to draw conclusions. ?
Masters 4 courses Louisiana State University businessanalytics.lsu.edu/ Business Analytics: designed to meet the growing demand for professionals with skills in specialized methods of predictive analytics 36 cr Yes No M.S. 36 cr Michigan State University Business Analytics: courses in business strategy, data Yes mining, applied statistics, project management, marketing technologies, communications and ethics No M.S. North Carolina State University: Institute for Advanced Analytics Northwestern University Analytics: designed to equip individuals to derive insights from a vast quantity and variety of data Yes No M.S.: 30 cr. Predictive Analytics: a comprehensive and applied
Yes curriculum exploring data science, IT and business of analytics Yes M.S. New York University Business Analytics: unlocks predictive potential of data analysis to improve financial performance, strategic management and operational efficiency Yes No M.S. 1 yr Stevens Institute of Technology Business Intel. & Analytics: offers the most advanced curriculum available for leveraging quant methods and evidence-based decision making for optimal business performance Yes Yes M.S.: 36 cr. University of Cincinnati Business Analytics: combines operations research Yes and applied stats, using applied math and computer applications, in a business environment
No M.S. University of San Francisco Analytics: provides students with skills necessary to develop techniques and processes for data-driven decision-making the key to effective business strategies https://portal.futuregrid.org No M.S. Yes 7 Certificate iSchool @ Syracuse Data Science: for those with background or experience in science, stats, research, and/or IT interested in interdiscip work managing big data using IT tools Yes ? Grad Cert. 5 courses Rice University Big Data Summer Institute: organized to address a growing demand for skills that will help individuals and corporations
make sense of huge data sets Yes No Cert. Stanford University Data Mining and Applications: introduces important new ideas in data mining and machine learning, explains them in a statistical framework, and describes their applications to business, science, and technology No Yes Grad Cert. University of California San Diego Data Mining: designed to provide individuals in business and scientific communities with the skills necessary to design, build, verify and test predictive data models No Yes Grad Cert. 6 courses University of Washington
Data Science: Develop the computer science, mathematics and analytical skills in the context of practical application needed to enter the field of data science Yes Yes Cert. George Mason University Computational Sci and Informatics: role of Yes computation in sci, math, and engineering, No Ph.D. IU SoIC Informatics No Ph.D Ph.D https://portal.futuregrid.org Yes 8 Informatics at Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing
Computer Science Informatics Information and Library Science (new DILS was SLIS) Undergraduates: Informatics ~3x Computer Science Mean UG Hiring Salaries Informatics $54K; CS $56.25K Masters hiring $70K 125 different employers 2011-2012 Graduates: CS ~2x Informatics DILS Graduate only, MLS main degree https://portal.futuregrid.org 9 Original Informatics Faculty at IU Security largely moving to Computer Science Bioinformatics moving to Computer Science Cheminformatics Health Informatics Music Informatics moving to Computer Science Complex Networks and Systems now largest Human Computer Interaction Design now largest Social Informatics Move partly as CS rated; Informatics not Illustrates difficulties with degrees/departments with new names https://portal.futuregrid.org
Informatics Job Titles Account Service Provider Analyst Application Consultant Application Developer Assoc. IT Business analyst Associate IT Developer Associate Software Engineer Automation Engineer Business Analyst Business Intelligence Business Systems Analyst Catapult Rotational Program Computer Consultant Computer Support Specialist Consultant Corporate Development Program Analyst Data Analytics Consultant Database and Systems Manager Delivery Consultant Designer Director of Information Systems Engineer Information Management Leadership Program Information Technology Security Consultant IT Business Process Specialist IT Early Development Program Java Programmer Junior Consultant Junior Software Engineer Lead Network Engineer Logistics Management Specialist Market Analyst https://portal.futuregrid.org 11
Informatics Job Titles Marketing Representative Mobile Developer Network Engineer Programmer Project Manager Quality Assurance Analyst Research Programmer Security and Privacy Consultant Social Media Mgr & Community Mgmt Software Analyst Software Consultant Software Developer Software Development Engineer Software Development Engineer in Test (SDET) Software Engineer Support Analyst Support Engineer System Administrator System integration Analyst Systems Architect Systems Engineer Systems/Data Analyst Tech Analyst Tech Consultant Tech Leadership Dev Program UI Designer User Interface Software Engineer UX Designer UX Researcher Velocity Software Engineer Velocity Systems Consultant Web Designer Web Developer https://portal.futuregrid.org 12
Undergraduate Cognates Biology Business Chemistry Cognitive Science Communication and Culture Computer Science Economics Fine Arts (2 options) Geography Human-Centered Computing Information Technology Journalism Linguistics Mathematics Medical Sciences Music Philosophy of Mind and Cognition Pre-health Professions Psychology Public and Environmental Affairs (5 options) Public Health Security Telecommunications (3 options) https://portal.futuregrid.org 13 Data Science at Indiana University Currently Masters in CS, Informatics, HCI, Bioinformatics, Security Informatics and will add Information and Library Science (ILS) Propose to add a Masters in Data Science (~30 cr.) with courses covering CS, Informatics, ILS
Data Lifecycle (~ILS) Data Analysis (~CS) Data Management (~CS and ILS) Applications (X Informatics) (~Informatics) Also minor/certificates Number of courses in each category being debated Existing programs would like their courses required i.e. as always political and technical issues in decisions https://portal.futuregrid.org 14 Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) MOOCs are very hot these days with Udacity and Coursera as start-ups Over 100,000 participants but concept valid at smaller sizes Relevant to Data Science as this is a new field with few courses at most universities Technology to make MOOCs Drupal mooc (unclear its real) Google Open Source Course Builder is lightweight LMS (learning management system) released September 12 rescuing us from Sakai At least one model is collection of short prerecorded segments (talking head over PowerPoint) https://portal.futuregrid.org 15 I400 X-Informatics (MOOC) General overview of use of IT (data analysis) in all fields starting with data deluge and pipeline ObservationDataInformationKnowledgeWisdom Go through many applications from life/medical science to finding Higgs and business informatics Describe cyberinfrastructure needed with visualization,
security, provenance, portals, services and workflow Lab sessions built on virtualized infrastructure (appliances) Describe and illustrate key algorithms histograms, clustering, Support Vector Machines, Dimension Reduction, Hidden Markov Models and Image processing https://portal.futuregrid.org 16 Data Analytics Futures? PETSc and ScaLAPACK and similar libraries very important in supporting parallel simulations Need equivalent Data Analytics libraries Include datamining (Clustering, SVM, HMM, Bayesian Nets ), image processing, information retrieval including hidden factor analysis (LDA), global inference, dimension reduction Many libraries/toolkits (R, Matlab) and web sites (BLAST) but typically not aimed at scalable high performance algorithms Should support clouds and HPC; MPI and MapReduce Iterative MapReduce an interesting runtime; Hadoop has many limitations Need a coordinated Academic Business Government Collaboration to build robust algorithms that scale well Crosses Science, Business Network Science, Social Science Propose to build community to define & implement SPIDAL or Scalable Parallel Interoperable Data Analytics Library https://portal.futuregrid.org 17 FutureGrid offers Computing Testbed as a Service Research Computing aaS SaaS
PaaS IaaS Custom Images Courses Consulting Portals Archival Storage System e.g. SQL, GlobusOnline Applications e.g. Amber, Blast Cloud e.g. MapReduce HPC e.g. PETSc, SAGA Computer Science e.g. Languages, Sensor nets Hypervisor Bare Metal Operating System Virtual Clusters, Networks https://portal.futuregrid.org
FutureGrid Uses Testbed-aaS Tools Provisioning Image Management IaaS Interoperability IaaS tools Expt management Dynamic Network Devops FutureGrid Usages Computer Science Applications and understanding Science Clouds Technology Evaluation including XSEDE testing Education and 18 Training
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