For I am not ashamed of the Gospel,

For I am not ashamed of the Gospel,

For I am not ashamed of the Gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, The righteous shall live by faith. Romans 1:16-17 November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 1 Announcements Welcome to the MOB! Website: www.ibcmob.net Parenting Seminar: Raising Sexually Healthy Kids, IBC, November 11, 2017, 9:30 AM - 3:30 PM Couples Dessert Night at IBC, Featuring comedian and musi cian Mark Cable, Saturday, November 18, 7:00 PM Thanksgiving Food Drive for Families in Need, Boxes are du e in IBC Atrium, Sunday, Nov 19, 8:00 AM - 12:00 noon "Sing We Now Noel" Christmas Musical Celebration at IBC, December 8-10, 2017, Purchase Tickets ($5.00) Online November 7, 2017

Romans 3:1-20 2 Romans Outline Revelation of Gods Righteousness Focus Vindication of Gods Righteousness Application of Gods Righteousness Reference 1:1 3:20

3:21 5:21 6:1 8:39 9:1-29 9:30 10:21 11:1-36 12:1 13:14 14:1 16:27 Division Need for Gods Righteousness

Imputation of Gods Righteousness Demonstration of Gods Righteousness Israels Past: Election Israels Present: Rejection Israels Future: Restoration Christian Duties Christian

Liberties Sin Salvation Sanctification Topic Sovereignty Doctrinal Location & Time November 7, 2017 Service Behavioral Probably written in Corinth (Greece) around 57 AD Romans 3:1-20

3 Last Meeting Romans and the Reformation Guest Speaker, Dr. Nigel Azer Read: Romans 1:16-17 Listen to: Justification Sermon, Tom Joyce, January 10, 2016 https://immanuelbible.church/ministries/sermons/message /justification Reformation Day Sermon, Jesse Johnson, October 27, 2013 https://immanuelbible.church/ministries/sermons/message /reformation-day November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 4 Main Point Lowells Summary Romans 2 Paul sums it up this way: "For all who have sinned without the Law will also perish without the Law,

and all who have sinned under the Law will be judged by the Law"! (Rom. 2:12) But Paul's not finished! He specifically zeroes in on the moralist Jews in verses 17-29--noting that neither their heritage, nor their knowledge, nor their ceremonies (and specifically "circumcision") would protect them from God's judgment! November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 5 Memory Verse Romans 3:10 (NASB) as it is written, THERE IS NONE RIGHTEOUS, NOT EVEN ONE; 10 Romans 3:10 (NASB) November 7, 2017

Romans 3:1-20 6 This Meeting Key Thought The backbone of this section is found in two verses: verse 9, where Paul places all human beings under the power of sin; and, verse 20, whereno one can be justified by obeying the law Moo, p.56 Read Romans 3:1-20 Supplemental Reading Encountering Romans, Chapter 6, pages 55-61 Encountering the Book of Romans Chapter 6: The Universal Power of Sin Jewish Privileges and their limitations ( Romans 3:1-8)

Concluding Indictment: All are under sin ( Romans 3:9-20) November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 7 Romans 3:1-20 Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? 2 Great in every respect. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God. 3 What then? If some did not believe, their unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it? 4 May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar, as it is written, THAT YOU MAY BE JUSTIFIED IN YOUR WORDS, AND PREVAIL WHEN YOU ARE JUDGED. 6 But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? The God who inflicts wrath is not unrighteous, is He? (I am speaking in human terms.) 1 November 7, 2017

Romans 3:1-20 8 Romans 3:1-20 May it never be! For otherwise, how will God judge the world? 7 But if through my lie the truth of God abounded to His glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner? 8 And why not say (as we are slanderously reported and as some claim that we say), Let us do evil that good may come? Their condemnation is just. 9 What then? Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have already charged that both Jews and Greeks are all under sin; 10 as it is written, THERE IS NONE RIGHTEOUS, NOT EVEN ONE; 11 THERE IS NONE WHO UNDERSTANDS, THERE IS NONE WHO SEEKS FOR GOD; 6 November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20

9 Romans 3:1-20 ALL HAVE TURNED ASIDE, TOGETHER THEY HAVE BECOME USELESS; THERE IS NONE WHO DOES GOOD, THERE IS NOT EVEN ONE. 13 THEIR THROAT IS AN OPEN GRAVE, WITH THEIR TONGUES THEY KEEP DECEIVING, THE POISON OF ASPS IS UNDER THEIR LIPS; 14 WHOSE MOUTH IS FULL OF CURSING AND BITTERNESS; 15 THEIR FEET ARE SWIFT TO SHED BLOOD, 16 DESTRUCTION AND MISERY ARE IN THEIR PATHS, 17 AND THE PATH OF PEACE THEY HAVE NOT KNOWN. 18 THERE IS NO FEAR OF GOD BEFORE THEIR EYES. 12 November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 10 Romans 3:1-20

Now we know that whatever the Law says, it speaks to those who are under the Law, so that every mouth may be closed and all the world may become accountable to God; 20 because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin. 19 November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 11 Outline Moo Chapter 6: The Universal Power of Sin Jewish Privileges and their limitations (3:1-8) Concluding Indictment: All are under sin (3:9-20) Arraignment (v9) Indictment (vv10-18) Verdict (vv19-20) November 7, 2017

Romans 3:1-20 MacArthur Sermon Outline 12 Olive Tree Bible Software November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 13 Jewish Privileges and their Limitations (Romans 3:1-8) Romans 1 Summary Romans 2 Summary Gentile & Jew stand on the same footing before God; Both have been given revelation about God; Both have failed to live up to that revelation; Both stand under Gods wrath (and in need of

additional help) November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 14 Romans 3:1-8 Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? 2 Great in every respect. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God. Observation: God provides for equal access to His salvation without destroying the genuine privileges enjoyed by Israel Interpretation: 1 Pauls familiarity with presenting the Gospel for 20 years First of all (expanded list can be found in Ch. 9) Question and answer diatribe allows him to address multiple issues His heavily compacted dialog emphasizes, and re-emphasizes key themes and details (e.g. includes Lincoln Log Logic)

November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 15 Romans 3:1-8 What then? If some did not believe, their unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it? 4 May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar, as it is written, THAT YOU MAY BE JUSTIFIED IN YOUR WORDS, AND PREVAIL WHEN YOU ARE JUDGED. Observation: Paul is suggesting that Gods faithfulness to his word includes his commitment to not only bless his people, but also to punish them for their sins Interpretation: 3 May it Never be!: me ginomai g3361/g1096 strongest possible negation The background of Psalm 51:4 November 7, 2017

Romans 3:1-20 16 Romans 3:1-8 But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? The God who inflicts wrath is not unrighteous, is He? (I am speaking in human terms.) 6 May it never be! For otherwise, how will God judge the world? 7 But if through my lie the truth of God abounded to His glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner? 8 And why not say (as we are slanderously reported and as some claim that we say), Let us do evil that good may come? Their condemnation is just. 5 Observation: Paul introduces warped logic of unrighteousness and refutes its application in general, and also personally Interpretation: November 7, 2017

May it Never be!: me ginomai g3361/g1096 Legal terms get introduced Is God unjust if there are good results? Judge: krino g2919 Should we do evil if good results? Condemnation: Krisis g2917 Should the ends justify the means? Romans 3:1-20 17 Strong's #1349: dike (pronounced dee'-kay) probably from 1166; right (as self-evident), i.e. justice (the principle, a decision, or its execution):--judgment, punish, vengeance. Thayer's Greek Lexicon: dike 1) custom, usage 2) right, just 3) a suit at law 4) a judicial hearing, judicial decision, especially sentence of condemnation 5) execution of a sentence, punishment 5a) to suffer punishment 6) the goddess Justice, avenging justice

Part of Speech: noun feminine https://www.bibletools.org/ November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 v4,20 You be justified - g1344. dikaioo v5 Righteousness - g1343. dikaiosyne; v5 Unrighteousness - g0093. adikia v5 Unrighteousness -g0094. adikos; from 1 (as a negative particle) and 1349; unjust; by extension wicked; by implication, treacherous; specially, heathen: 18 Romans 3:9

9 9 9 November 7, 2017 What then? Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have already charged that both Jews and Greeks are all under sin; (NASB) What then? Are we Jews any better off? No, not at all. For we have already charged that all, both Jews and Greeks, are under sin, (ESV) What shall we conclude then? Do we have any advantage? Not at all! For we have already made the charge that Jews and Gentiles alike are all under the power of sin. (NIV) Romans 3:1-20

19 Romans 3:9 What shall we conclude then? Do we have any advantage? Not at all! For we have already made the charge that Jews and Gentiles alike are all under the power of sin. (NIV) Observation: And that universal failure points to one inescapable conclusion: all human beings are locked up under the power of sin Interpretation: 9 Not at all!: ou pantos g3756/g3843 we have already made the charge: proaitiaomai g4256 all under sin: pas hypo hamartia g3956/g5259/g0266 The Human DilemmaNO Recovery! Marxism, universal education, communion with nature, technical advances Romans 14:23

November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 20 Charaz: Pearl Stringing as it is written, THERE IS NONE RIGHTEOUS, NOT EVEN ONE; 11 THERE IS NONE WHO UNDERSTANDS, OT Passages to buttress the THERE IS NONE WHO SEEKS FOR GOD; conclusion drawn in v9 12 ALL HAVE TURNED ASIDE, TOGETHER THEY HAVE BECOME USELESS; THERE IS NONE WHO DOES GOOD, THERE IS NOT EVEN ONE. 13 THEIR THROAT IS AN OPEN GRAVE, Note: WITH THEIR TONGUES THEY KEEP DECEIVING, All are from the LXX (Septuagint) All are not from the Pentateuch THE POISON OF ASPS IS UNDER THEIR LIPS; 14 WHOSE MOUTH IS FULL OF CURSING AND BITTERNESS; Reinforces their inability to claim exemption (see v19)

15 THEIR FEET ARE SWIFT TO SHED BLOOD, 16 DESTRUCTION AND MISERY ARE IN THEIR PATHS, 17 AND THE PATH OF PEACE THEY HAVE NOT KNOWN. 18 THERE IS NO FEAR OF GOD BEFORE THEIR EYES. 10 https://www.gty.org/library/sermons-library/45-26/the-guilt-of-all-men-part-1 https://www.gty.org/library/sermons-library/45-27/the-guilt-of-all-men-part-2 November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 21 Romans 3:19-20 Now we know that whatever the Law says, it speaks to those who are under the Law, so that every mouth may be closed and all the world may become accountable to God; 20 because by the works of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law comes the knowledge of sin. Observation: And that universal failure points to one inescapable conclusion: all human beings are locked up under the power of sin Interpretation:

19 may be closed: phrasso g5420 justified: dikaioo g1344 knowledge: epignosis g1922 November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 22 Next Meeting Gods Righteousness in Christ Review: Romans 3:1-20 Study: Read Romans 3:21-31 Encountering Chapter 7, pages 65-72 November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 23

Romans 3:1-20 Discussion & Application Based on your reading of this lessons verses in Romans Consider the statement: Paul regarded sin not solely as bad acts, but as brokenness, fallenness, and spiritual lostness. Do you agree with that statement? How is it demonstrated today? How does the term, under the power of sin, change your perspective of your condition? How does that term change your perspective of others? (i.e., others within the church and others outside of the church) Considering Romans 3:1-20, how is the righteousness of God revealed in the Gospel? (ref: Romans 1:16-17) November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 24 Uprightness November 7, 2017

Romans 3:1-20 25 Closing Questions? Comments? Closing Prayer November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 26 Resources http://www.ibcmob.net/resources.html http://www.preceptaustin.org http://biblehub.com (includes Strongs Definitions)* http://biblegateway.com Supporting Reference (Kirks)

MOB Reference Material November 7, 2017 * References included in presentation for Greek Definitions Romans 3:1-20 27 27 Scripture Interpretation NoLiGHtS Normal - understanding the words of Scripture in their common usage unless otherwise indicated by the context. Literal - understanding the meaning of Scripture in its ordinary sense unless the context requires a figurative interpretation.

Grammatical - using the recognized rules of grammar to interpret the text. Historical - understanding the words of Scripture in the context of the times in which they were written. ystematic - categorizing and comparing the teaching of the S Scriptures with the whole of Scripture in view. http://immanuelbible.net/discover/teach November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 28 Bibliography

Constable, T. L. (2017). Notes on Romans, 27th Ed. Published by Sonic Light (http:// www.soniclight.com/). Edwards, J. R. (2011). Romans. Grand Rapids: Baker Books. Gould, D. (1997). Shepherds Notes: Romans. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman. Murphy, R. E., Huwiler, E., Provan, I. W., Gasque, W. W., Hubbard, R. L., & Johnston, R. K. (2012). Understanding the Bible commentary series. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books. MacArthur, John. Grace to You Sermons (https://www.gty.org/library/resources/ sermons-library) Moo, D. J. (2014). Encountering the book of Romans: a theological survey. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic. Moo, D. J. (2000). The NIV Application Commentary: Romans. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House. Physioc, B. (2017). Bible Study Notes Romans. Disciplers International (http://www.disciplersinternational.com/studies.php). Wiersbe, W. W. (2007). The Wiersbe Bible commentary: the complete New Testament in one volume. Colorado Springs, CO: David C. Cook.

November 7, 2017 Romans 3:1-20 29

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