The verb tener Use the verb tener to

The verb tener Use the verb tener to

The verb tener Use the verb tener to show relationship, possession, or age, or in other expressions such as tener hambre/sueo/sed. PLACEHOLDER The verb tener

Use tener que + infinitive to say that something has to be done. Tenemos que escribir mucho en la clase de ingls. Hola! Me llamo Miguel. En mi escuela siempre estamos muy ocupados. Vamos a ver lo que hacemos en las clases.

La profesora de espaol de la Escuela Benito Jurez prepara un cartel con las reglas de la escuela. Cules son las reglas?

La clase de Esteban Qu pasa con Esteban el primer da de clases? Lee la historia. El primer da de clases

1 Esteban: Bienvenidos a la clase de historia. Algunos de Uds. me conocen como Esteban. Pero hoy soy el profesor. Pedro: Esteban piensa que

es el profesor. Qu divertido! El primer da de clases 2 Esteban: Seoritas, saben qu hora es?

Anglica: Hola, Esteban. Son las nueve y seis. Esteban: Y la clase empieza a las nueve y cinco. Por qu llegan tarde Uds.? Lisa: Pero, por qu ests t delante de la clase? Dnde est la profesora?

El primer da de clases 3 Esteban: Yo soy el profesor. Y hay que estar en el asiento cuando la clase empieza!

El primer da de clases 4 Lisa: Profesor . . . necesito ir al armario. No tengo el libro.

El primer da de clases 5 Esteban: No! Se prohbe ir al armario durante la clase! Nadie tiene el libro. Es el primer da de clases.

El primer da de clases 6 Esteban: Mam, por qu ests aqu en la clase? Mam: No tengo idea. Y

qu vas a ensear hoy? El primer da de clases 7 Mam: Por qu no empiezas?

Esteban: Es la clase de historia. Pienso dar un discurso sobre algunos de los presidentes de los Estados Unidos . . . El primer presidente fue George Washington . . .

El primer da de clases 8 Mam: Esteban. Esteban. Ya es tarde! Esteban: Qu pasa? Dnde estoy? Ay! El primer da de

clases . . . Stem-changing verbs The stem of a verb is the part of the infinitive that is left after you drop the endings -ar, -er, or -ir. For example, the stem of empezar is empez-. Stem-changing verbs have a spelling

change in their stem in all forms of the present tense except the nosotros(as) and vosotros(as) forms. Stem-changing verbs There are three kinds of stem-changing verbs that you have learned. To review them, here are the present-tense forms

of poder (o ! ue), empezar (e ! ie), and pedir (e ! i). Si no puedes contestar una pregunta, qu haces? Generalmente le pido ayuda a otro estudiante o al profesor. Stem-changing verbs

Stem-changing verbs Stem-changing verbs The letters b, v, and d The letters b and v are both pronounced

the same. When the b or v is the first letter of a word or follows an m or n, it is pronounced like the English letter b. Listen to and say these words: bien vecinos

tambin invierno The letters b, v, and d In all other positions, the letters b and v have a softer b sound. To produce it, put your lips close together (but not touching)

and push the air through them. Listen to and say these words and sentences: gustaba jvenes rbol

devolver Benito Vsquez era un hombre que viajaba en Brasil. Mi novio viva en el Caribe pero ahora vive en Buenos Aires. The letters b, v, and d Like the b and v, the Spanish d can have

a hard or a soft sound. The d is hard at the beginning of a word or after n or l, like the d in the English word dough. Listen to and say these words: donde desfile

falda cuando aprender The letters b, v, and d

Otherwise the d is soft like the English th in the English word though. Listen to the soft d in these words and repeat them: ciudad moderno cuado

boda ayudar The letters b, v, and d Repeat the following refranes. What do you

think they mean? Affirmative and negative words Affirmative and negative words By now you know many affirmative and negative words. Affirmative and negative words

Alguno, alguna, algunos, algunas, and ninguno, ninguna match the number (singular or plural) and gender (masculine or feminine) of the noun to which they refer. Uds. van al laboratorio de computadoras en algunas clases? No, no vamos al laboratorio en ninguna clase.

Affirmative and negative words When alguno and ninguno come before a masculine singular noun, they change to algn and ningn. Vas a dar algn discurso en la clase de ingls? No, no voy a dar ningn discurso.

to talk about what you do in class aprender de to memorize memoria contestar to answer dar un discurso to give a speech

discutir to discuss explicar to explain hacer una to ask a question pregunta

to talk about what you do in class el informe el laboratorio la palabra pedir ayuda el proyecto sacar una buena nota

report laboratory word to ask for help project to get a good grade

to talk about classroom rules a tiempo on time entregar to turn in llegar tarde to arrive late prestar atencin

to pay attention la regla rule respetar to respect se prohbe . . . its forbidden . . .

to name school objects el armario el asiento el carnet de identidad la cinta adhesiva la grapadora los materiales

las tijeras locker seat I.D. card transparent tape stapler supplies, materials

scissors negative and affirmative words alguien someone, anyone algn, alguna, some, any algunos, -as

nadie no one, nobody ningn, ninguno, -a no, none, not any other useful words conocer lo que sobre

to know what on, about almorzar (o almuerzo almuerzas

almuerza ue) to have lunch almorzamos almorzis almuerzan empezar (e

empiezo empiezas empieza ie) to start, to begin empezamos empezis empiezan

entender (e entiendo entiendes entiende ie) to understand entendemos

entendis entienden repetir (e repito repites repite

i) to repeat repetimos repets repiten

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