SEISMIC DILATOMETER FLAT DILATOMETER EUROCODE 7 (1997). Standard

SEISMIC DILATOMETER FLAT DILATOMETER EUROCODE 7 (1997). Standard

SEISMIC DILATOMETER FLAT DILATOMETER EUROCODE 7 (1997). Standard Test Method, European Committee for Standardization Part 3: Design Assisted by Field Testing, Section 9: FLAT DILATOMETER TEST (DMT), 9 pp. TC16 (1997). The DMT in soil Investigations, a report by the ISSMGE Technical Committee tc16 ON Ground Property, Characterization from in-situ testing, 41 pp. ASTM (2002). Standard Test Method D6635-01, American Society for Testing and Materials The standard test method for performing the Flat Dilatometer Test (DMT), 14 pp. WAYS OF INSERTING THE BLADE Pushed by truck Pushed by a drill rig Driven by a drill rig Pushed from a fixed platform Driven by SPT Tripod Driven or pushed by a static/dynamic penetrometer TORPEDO INSERTION METHOD Torpedo L3m SDMT TEST RESULTS SHEAR WAVE VELOCITY Vs (m/s) DMT TABULAR OUTPUT LEGEND Z = Depth Below Ground Level modulus Ud = Pore Press. Index INTERPRETED PARAMETERS pressure Phi = Safe floor value Friction Angle Cu = Undrained shear strength Ocr Z A D1 (m) (kPa) (kPa) 0.6 105 0.8 Cu B C (kPa) Po P1 Po,P1,P2 = Corrected A,B,C readings Id = Material Index Ed = Dilatometer Gamma = Bulk unit weight Sigma' = Effective overb. Stress Ko = In situ earth press. coeff. = Overconsolidation ratio M = Constrained modulus (at Sigma') P2 Gamma Sigma' Uo (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (kN/m^3) (kPa) (kPa) 330 121 320 15.7 10 0 1.66 73 255 91 245 15.7 13 0 1.0 81 350 94 340 16.7 16 1.2 76 267 93 257 15.7 1.8 33 135 55 125 2.0 119 225 140 2.2 117 201 2.4 106 2.6 Id

Kd Ed Ud Ko Uo = Pore Ocr Phi (kPa) M (MPa) (Deg) (MPa) DESCRIPTION 11.8 6.9 41 18.4 SANDY SILT 1.70 6.8 5.4 39 11.4 SANDY SILT 0 2.61 5.7 8.5 38 17.1 SILTY SAND 18 2 1.80 5.1 5.7 37 10.6 SANDY SILT 15.7 21 8 1.50 2.2 2.4 2.5 SANDY SILT 215 15.7 23 10 0.57 5.8 2.6 1.3 5.3 5.0 19 SILTY CLAY 140 191 15.7 24 12 0.40 5.4 1.8 1.2 4.7 3.3 18 SILTY CLAY 173 129 163 14.7 25 14 0.29 4.6 1.2 1.1 3.7 2.0 16 MUD 115 185 138 175 15.7 26 16 0.30 4.7 1.3 1.1 3.8

2.2 17 CLAY 2.8 112 178 135 168 14.7 27 18 0.28 4.4 1.1 1.0 3.4 1.9 16 MUD 3.0 111 177 134 167 14.7 28 20 0.28 4.1 1.1 1.0 3.1 1.8 15 MUD .. 28.0 785 955 803 945 17.7 186 265 0.26 2.9 4.9 0.76 1.8 6.1 65 CLAY 28.2 795 915 816 905 16.7 187 267 0.16 2.9 3.1 0.77 1.8 3.8 66 CLAY 28.4 805 995 822 985 17.7 189 269 0.29 2.9 5.6 0.77 1.8 7.0 67 CLAY 28.6 800 985 817 975 17.7 190 271 0.29 2.9 5.5 0.76 1.8

6.7 66 CLAY 28.8 790 945 809 935 17.7 192 273 0.23 2.8 4.4 0.74 1.7 5.2 64 CLAY 29.0 790 955 808 945 17.7 193 275 0.26 2.8 4.7 0.73 1.7 5.6 64 CLAY 29.2 755 1070 766 1060 17.7 195 277 0.60 2.5 10.2 0.67 1.4 11.1 57 CLAYEY SILT 29.4 795 950 814 940 17.7 196 279 0.24 2.7 4.4 0.72 1.6 5.1 64 CLAY 29.6 850 1070 866 1060 17.7 198 281 0.33 3.0 6.7 0.77 1.8 8.4 71 SILTY CLAY 29.8 845 1015 863 1005 17.7 200 283 0.24 2.9 4.9 0.76 1.8 6.1

70 CLAY 30.0 890 1050 909 1040 17.7 201 284 0.21 3.1 4.6 0.81 2.0 5.9 77 CLAY SETTLEMENT PREDICTION Bullock & Failmezger (Porto 2004) DISTORTIONS IN CLAY CONE WEDGE DETECTING SLIP SURFACES IN A SLOPE 1 SLIDING 3 2 REMOULDING 4 RECONSOLIDATION (NC STATE) INSPECT KD PROFILE COMPACTION CONTROL MDMT (kPa) Depth Z(m) DMT reflects more sensitively compaction benefits and modulus increase LIQUEFACTION RECOMMENDATIONS Seismicity of the area amax / g Kd,min Nonseismic / 1.7 Low seismicity 0.15 4.2 Average seismicity 0.25 5.0 High seismicity 0.35 5.5 Kd limits for safety vs liquefaction For magnitude = 7.5 earthquake RELAXATION BEHIND A LANDSLIDE H Horizontal Stress 1 3 2 Absolute Elevations (m) kPa 1 2 3 Landslide in Milazzzo, Sicily Cu comparisons Field Vane at Skeena Ontario Canada National Site BOTHKENNAR UK National Site FUCINO ITALY kPa 0 kPa Z (m) Z (m) 5 10 15 20 Nash et al., Gotechnique, June 1995, p. 173 Mekechuk 1983 A.G.I., 10th ECSMFE Firenze 1991 Vol. 1, p. 37 Cu in Recife Clay Brazil Univ. of Pernambuco Research Site 1 Malaysian Clays Wong, J.T.F. & Dobie, M.J.D. 1990 Coutinho et al., Atlanta ISC 1999 M comparisons ONSOY Clay (NORWAY) SITES IN VIRGINIA, U.S.A. M in Tokyo Bay Clay CONSTRAINED MODULUS M (MPa) Z (m) CONSTRAINED MODULUS M (MPa) Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (1986). "In Situ Site Investigation Techniques and interpretation for offshore practice" Report 40019-28 by S. Lacasse, Fig. 16a, 8 Sept 86 FAILMEZGER, 1999

Geotechnical Research Center Kiso-Jiban Consultants Co., Tokyo SDMT SISMOGRAMS Z (m) 9.0 9.5 10.0 10.5 11.0 11.5 12.0 12.5 13.0 AS RECORDED RE-PHASED SDMT REPEATABILITY Z [m] Each Vs corresponds to a single blow of the hammer Differences of Vs: 1 m/s 10.0 10.5 11.0 11.5 12.0 12.5 13.0 13.5 14.0 14.5 15.0 15.5 16.0 16.5 17.0 17.5 18.0 18.5 19.0 19.5 20.0 Vs [m/s] 101 99 98 99 97 94 99 95 103 117 98 115 114 113 122 119 128 127 125 119 124 101 99 98 100 96 94 99 95 103 117 98 115 114 113 123 119 128 127 125 119 124 117 98 124 VALIDATION SDMT at FUCINO Research Site June 2004 DMT WORLD COMMUNITY NORTH AMERICA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. GPE, Inc.- Mr. Paul Bullock Schmertmann & Crapps, Inc.-Dr .John Schmertmann Mobile Augers Ltd.-Mr. Nestor Zacharko Site Investigation Services-Mr. John Hayes Clarkson College-Dr. Ambin Huang Purdue University

Terra Technologies-Mr. Rick Klopp Ellis & Associates-Mr. Steve Weaver Colorado State University-Dr. John Nelson North Carolina State University-Dr. Roy Borden National Research Council of Canada-Dr .J.M.Konrad Carleton University-Prof.Gunther Bauer Northwestern University-Dr. Ray Krizek Ground Engineering Inc.-Mr .John DeMonte Pennsylvania Dept. of Transportation-Mr. Ken Rush University of British Columbia-Dr. R. Campanella Geotechnique Consultants-Mr. Jorge Pachas University of Florida / Geot.Eng.-Dr. David Bloomquist Williams Earth Sciences, Inc.-Mr. Keith Bennett University of Florida-Dr. Byron Ruth Law Engineering-Mr. Chris Giese Earth Engineering & Sciences, Inc.-Mr. Sam Gupta Hogentogler & Co.-Mr. Tom Nolan Ontario Hydro-Mr.Chris Cragg Dominion Soils Investigatation-Mr. Mike Fabius Iowa State University-Dr. Richard Handy Louisiana State University-Dr. Mehmet Tumay California Polytechnic Institute-Dr. Jay Natale University of Texas-Dr. Ken Stokoe University of Michigan-Dr. Roman Hryciw U.S. Bureau of Reclamation-Mr. Jeffrey Farrar Alabama Power Co.-Mr. Clayton Gore University of New Hampshire-Dr. Jean Benoit University of Wisconsin / Madison-Dr. Peter Bosscher Florida DOT / District 3-Mr. William Knight Florida DOT / District 5-Mr. Tom Malerk Dominion Soils Investigation-Mr. Tom O'Dwyer University of California / Berkeley T.L.B. & Associates-Mr. Tom Brown University of North Carolina-Dr. Janardhan Driggers Engineering & Testing-Mr. Jamie Driggers ATEC & Associates-Mr. Andy Frank KCI Technologies-Mr. Jay Burtis Florida DOT / Research & Materials-Dr. Robert Ho Florida DOT / District1-Ms. Terri Puckett University of Massachusetts-Dr. Alan Lutenegger Ardaman & Associates-Dr. Robert Martin Cornell University-Dr. Fred Kulhawy Virginia Polytechnic Institute University of Nebraska-Dr. J.Benak Pacific Gas & Electric-Mr. Bob McManus LawEngineering-Mr. Kirk McIntosh Law Engineering-Mr. Steve Willenborg University of Illinois Merlex Engineering Ltd.-Mr. Mike Merleau Maryland State Highway Admin.-Mr. Dan Sajedi Georgia Institute of Technology-Dr. Paul Mayne VBI In-Situ TestingInc.-Mr. Virgil Baker Oklahoma DOT-Dr. James Nevels Bucknell University-Dr. Jeffrey Evans Universal Engineering Sciences-Mr. Bruce Woloshin Alberta Transportation & Utilities-Dr. Vishnu Diyaljee Geopac, Inc.-Mr. Jean-Francois Morel Warren George, Inc.-Mr. Lowell Babb Florida DOT / District 2-Mr. Chandra Samakura Virginia Military Institute-Dr. Grigg Mullen Applied Research Associates-Mr. Jim Shinn In-Situ Soil Testing L.C.-Mr. Roger Failmezger Alston Associates Inc.-Mr. Colin Alston F & ME Consultants Inc.-Mr. Zane Abernathy Agra Earth & Environmental Inc.-Dr. Wesley Spang Atlanta Testing & Engineering TGC GEOTECNIA WRIGHT, PEDGETT & ASSOCIATES Gainesville, FL Gainesville, FL Edmonton, ALBERTA Peterborough, ONTARIO Potsdam, NY West Lafayette, IN Richmond, TX Jacksonville, FL Fort Collins, CO Raleigh, NC Ottawa, ONTARIO Ottawa, ONTARIO Evanston, IL St. Louis, MO Harrisburg, PA Vancouver, BRITISH COLUMBIA Irvine, CA Gainesville, FL Clearwater, FL Gainesville, FL Chantilly, VA Baltimore, MD Gaithersburg, MD Toronto, ONTARIO Thunder Bay, ONTARIO Ames, IA Baton Rouge, LA San Luis Obispo, CA Austin, TX Ann Arbor, MI Denver, CO Birmingham, AL Durham, NH Madison, WI Chipley, FL Deland, FL Windsor, ONTARIO Berkeley, CA Crofton, MD Charlotte, NC Clearwater, FL Marietta, GA Jessup, MD Gainesville, FL Bartow, FL Amherst, MA Orlando, FL Ithaca, NY Blacksburg, VA Lincoln, NE San Ramon, CA Jacksonville, FL Atlanta, GA Chicago, IL North Bay, ONTARIO Brooklandville, MD Atlanta, GA Oakland, CA Oklahoma City, OK Lewisburg, PA Orlando, FL Edmonton, ALBERTA Boucherville, QUEBEC Jersey City, NJ Lake City, FL Lexington, VA South Royalton, VT Alexandria, VA Markham, ONTARIO Columbia, SC Portland, OR Jacksonville, FL Mexico City, MEXICO Mount Pleasant, SC OTHER COUNTRIES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. PALER SA L'AQUILA UNIVERSITY CAMBRIDGE INSITU STUDIO GEOTECNICO ITALIANO LICCA, INC. RAYMOND INTERNATIONAL, UK TERRAMONITORING DR. ALVARO MILAN CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS OBRAS PUBLICAS PM INSITU TECHNIQUES NORWEGIAN GEOTECHNICAL INSTITUTE NORWEGIAN ROAD AUTHORITY CHALMERS UNIVERSITY NORWEGIAN INSTITUTE of THECNOLOGY NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE UNIVERSITY OF ADELAIDE VIAK AB CONSULTING ENGINEERS GEOMECHANICA, S.A.

ROAD CONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY BUILDING RES. ESTABLISHMENT (BRE) FUGRO UK DOUGLAS & PARTNERS GEOSTUDIO VICENZETTO SAS TECNOSOL SPA RADAELLI CASTELLOTTI SRL CONSONDA SPA RODIO SPA GEOTECHNICAL SERVICE SNC SOILTEST SNC GEOTEST SRL Montagnola, SWITZERLAND L'Aquila, ITALY Cambridge, ENGLAND Milan, ITALY Caracas, VENEZUELA London, ENGLAND Johannesburg, S.AFRICA Pereira, COLOMBIA Madrid, SPAIN Cambridge, ENGLAND Oslo, NORWAY Oslo, NORWAY Goteborg, SWEDEN Trondheim, NORWAY SINGAPORE Adelaide, AUSTRALIA Goteborg, SWEDEN Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL Melbourne, AUSTRALIA England, UK England, UK Sydney, AUSTRALIA Padova, ITALY Roma, ITALY Segrate-Milano, ITALY Milano, ITALY Milano, ITALY Trento, ITALY Arezzo, ITALY Roma, ITALY 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. 131. 132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137. 138. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143. SOLISONDA ASIA - TECH ENGNG. CONSULTANTS INC. BUNDESANSTALT FUR WASSERBAU VIAK AB CONSULTING ENGINEERS SWEDEN GEOTECHNICAL INSTITUTE INDGEO srl UNITED GEOTECH INC TRANSPORT & ROAD RES. LABORATORY KISO - JIBAN CONSULTANTS CO. LTD INST. OF HARBOR & MARINE TECHNOL INTERFIELD Sdn Ehd INSTITUT FUR GEOTECHNIK KEDE Research Lab. Ministry Public Works GRONDMECHANICA DELFT SAN LIEN DEVELOPMENT CO. CENTRAL BUILDING RESEARCH INSTIT. GEOTECH AB SOL-ESSAIS A.S.T.E. KONSULTFORETAGET GF STUMP BOHR AG OYO UK LTD TECNOSUOLO SA STUDIO PETER FREY I.G.T. OY KAWASAKIGEOL. ENGNG. CO. SHIN POONG ENGNG. JACOBSSON & WIDMARK INDIAN INST. OF TECHNOLOGY CENTRAL SOIL & MAT. RES. STATION HONG KONG UNIVERSITYCIV. ENG. WARSAW UNIVERSITY GEOCONSULT AB UBA KONTROLL INDUSTRIAL DE SONDEOS GEORENT AB

GEOTEKO PORT & HARBORRES. INST. MIN. TRANSP. HAMZA ASSOCIATES SOIL & FOUNDATION GULF INSPECTION INTNL CICCOPN CENTRO FORMAAO ISRAELI STANDARD INSTITUTE UNIVERSITY OF COIMBRA KUWAIT UNIV. ENG .& PETROLEUM DR. PRIVITERA GEOLOGISTS REDOBRAS EARTH PRODUCTS CHINA Ltd BUCHEL FRANZ AG ISOTOP Ltd PTS - PESQUISAS TECNOLOGICAS DO SOLO FUJII FOUNDATION DESIGN SCHMIDT & Co .HONG KONG CHINA RAILWAY SCIENT.RES. ACAD. KOREAN AIRPORT CONSTRUCTION AUTHORITY GEOTER G. DIDASKALOU BANGLADESH UNIV. of ENGNG & TECHNOLOGY CAIRO UNIV. FACULTY of ENGINEERING. UNIVERSIDADE Federal PERNAMBUCO at RECIFE VIECO INGENIERIA DE SUELOS CIVIL ENGNG. INSTITUTE OF CROATIA MS INSTRUMENTS SDN. BHD UNIVERSIDAD MAYOR S. SIMON, LAB GEOTECNIA PUC - RIO PONTIFICIA UNIVERSIDADE CATOLICA UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE VIOSA MINISTRY OF FLEMISH COMMUNITY DONG AH CONSULTANTS PROF. WOLSKI & ASOC. NATIONAL CHIAO - TUNG UNIVERSITY TAIWAN FORMOSA PLASTIC EXPLORATION ASSOCIATES DAMASCO PENNA ENG. ASSOCIADOS ARCOS - Mr. Da Silva KOREAN HIGHWAY CORP. MONASH UNIVERSITY BUILDING & CONSTRUCTION RESEARCH INST. HEBO Poznan I - GEOTEST UNIVERSIDADE DE BRASILIA EPC Beijing EDILGEOSONDA UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE SANTA CATERINA GEOLOGICAL Geophisic Prospecting TECNA Dr. Moretti DIAGNOSTIC ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS GEO Ing. Taddei INGEOMINAS FFSS Ferrovie Stato. Lab mobile Indagini Geotecniche. GEOSAN GEO LOGIC GEOSTUDI STUDIO GARASSINO Dr. Lipari e Muratore Geologists Dr. Trossero Geologist UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA DONG CONSULTANTS Dr. Lacava Geologist ICOSEM ACES - ARAB CENTER ENGINEER STUDIES Dr. Bartolucci Geologist LJUBLJANA UNIVERSITY GEOTEST BRNO SACCHETTO S.P.G. PARAHYANGAN CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY YOOKU ENGINEERING NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF OCEAN TECHNOLOGY GEOINZENIRING Dr. Balachowski TIANJIN URBAN CONSTRUCTION INSTITUTE SAMSUNG CORPORATION MCCONNELL CONSULTING PTY LTD GCT ALPHA - Dr. Peiffer MOTA-ENGIL S.A. Pescara, ITALY Taipei, TAIWAN ROC Karlsruhe, WEST GERMANY Karlstad, SWEDEN Linkoping, SWEDEN Ravenna, ITALY Taipei, TAIWAN Crowthorne, Berks, UK Tokio, JAPAN Taichung, TAIWANROC WEST MALAYSIA Wien, AUSTRIA Athens, GREECE Delft, NETHERLANDS TAIWAN ROC Roorkee, INDIA Stockholm, SWEDEN Colombes, FRANCE Zwijnaarde, BELGIUM Goteborg, SWEDEN Zurich, SWITZERLAND Luton, UK Lugano, SWITZERLAND Zug, SWITZERLAND Helsinki, FINLAND Osaka, JAPAN Seoul, KOREA SWEDEN Kanpur, INDIA New Delhi, INDIA HONG KONG Warsaw, POLAND SWEDEN Lund, SWEDEN Madrid, SPAIN Solna, SWEDEN Warsaw, POLAND JAPAN Cairo, EGYPT SINGAPORE Kuwait City, KUWAIT S. Pedro de Avioso, PORTUGAL TelAviv,ISRAEL Coimbra, PORTUGAL Safat, KUWAIT Catania, ITALY Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL HONG KONG Rebstein, SWITZERTLAND Gedera, ISRAEL Sao Paulo, BRASIL Matsue City, Schimane, JAPAN HONG KONG NW Branch, CHINA KOREA Thessaloniki, GREECE Dhaka, BANGLADESH Cairo, EGYPT Pernambuco, BRAZIL Medellin, COLOMBIA Zagreb, CROATIA Selangor, MALAYSIA Cochabamba, BOLIVIA Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL Minas Gerais, BRAZIL Zwijnarde, BELGIUM Pusan, KOREA Warsaw, POLAND TAIWAN TAIWAN ENGLAND Sao Paulo, BRAZIL Belo Horizonte, BRAZIL Seoul, KOREA Clayton, AUSTRALIA Cairo, EGYPT Poznan, POLAND Girona, SPAIN Brasilia, BRAZIL Beijing, CHINA Chieti, ITALY Florianopolis, BRAZIL Catania, ITALY Arezzo, ITALY Taiwan, TAIPEI L'Aquila, ITALY Bogot, COLOMBIA Roma, ITALY Istanbul, TURKEY Bolzano, ITALY Pomezia, ITALY Milano, ITALY Enna, ITALY Torino, ITALY Perth, AUSTRALIA Seoul, SOUTH KOREA Potenza, ITALY Trapani, ITALY Dubai, CENTER ARAB EMIRATS Pescara, ITALY Ljubljana, SLOVENIA Brno, CZECH REPUBLIC Adria, ITALY Bandung, INDONESIA Seoul, KOREA Chennai, INDIA Ljubljana, SLOVENIA Gdansk, POLAND Tianjin, China Seoul, Korea Brisbane, Australia Schoten, Belgium Canelas, Portugal

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • The Scramble For Africa 1880-1918 - The Watsonian

    The Scramble For Africa 1880-1918 - The Watsonian

    The Scramble For Africa 1880-1918. Before 1880. European settlement limited to the coasts. ... Westernized by Muhammad Ali under the Ottomans (1st ½ of 19th c.) ... Largely promoted by Brit Cecil Rhodes.
  • Energy Flow in Ecosystems

    Energy Flow in Ecosystems

    A food chain just shows one track of energy flow. A food web consists of many overlapping food chains . Organisms can play more than one role in a food web. Food Web. Food Web. Trophic Level. Organisms can be...
  • Gases - Socorro Independent School District

    Gases - Socorro Independent School District

    P1V1 = P2 V2 Robert Boyle (1627-1691) P proportional to 1/V A bicycle pump is a good example of Boyle's law. As the volume of the air trapped in the pump is reduced, its pressure goes up, and air is...
  • Unsegmented worms

    Unsegmented worms

    Physiological Characteristics. Feeding & Digestion. Some are carnivores (suck food in at pharynx, branches into gastrovascularcavity. Enzymes in cavity break down food which diffuses into body cells
  • INTRODUCTION TO ESSAY TYPES By: K. Yegoryan What

    INTRODUCTION TO ESSAY TYPES By: K. Yegoryan What

    The word "essay" means "to try." It is a short piece of non-fiction: an editorial, a feature story or a critical study. The term was first used during the Renaissance ( 16. th. century) by Michel Montaigne who attempted to...
  • Exploring the spatial patterns of changing surface ocean

    Exploring the spatial patterns of changing surface ocean

    South America Cold Warm Wind Anomalies Colder Convergence Amplification of Pacific Walker Anomalies * Here are the monthly resolved data from both of the long cores Isotopes are in black and correspond to the left hand axis, Sr/Ca is in...
  • Depression in the Workplace Presenteeism:  Depressed workers experience

    Depression in the Workplace Presenteeism: Depressed workers experience

    Working with Depression Toronto Star Nov 20, 2007 Andrea Gordon Ipsos Reid poll (Nov. 19, 2007) One in four working Canadians say they suffer from depression - the highest prevalence ever reported. Of the 4,122 employees surveyed, 18 per cent...
  • Lecture 1 - KSU

    Lecture 1 - KSU

    sin. and . shame, and often associated with feelings of guilt. Families have hidden away the disabled family member, keeping them out of school and excluded from any chance at having a meaningful role in society. Came about as "modern"...