How to Make a Good Presentation Tips &

How to Make a Good Presentation Tips &

How to Make a Good Presentation Tips & Sample Slides Daniel Naujoks [email protected] @danaujoks How to Make a Good Presentation Tips & Sample Slides Daniel Naujoks @danaujoks

[email protected] Most PowerPoint presentations neither have power nor a point Purpose of your presentation Enhance understanding of your presentation Should be

priority 1 Act as a teleprompter Hand-out for audience Avoid when you can Generally to be

avoided (unless, e.g. you teach) Whats wrong? Formatting 90% of presentations are hard or impossible to read: try to have 28-30pt font size. Make it for the people in the back of the room. Dont put too many points on a slide. And not too much text. If this were a real presentation (which is it is not) this would be way too much text.

Use more slides and details to illustrate your points, rather than putting all on one overview slide. Ideally you know the size of your screen before you make a presentation: How small/big should you go? Formatting Dont think in terms of how many slides. On some slides you dwell only for 20 seconds. Its more important to think about how to illustrate a point rather than covering many issues in several bullet points on one slide. Cues not text Your presentation should highlight key concepts

and relationships. It is not a text. However, the presentation youre reading right now is a more a text than a presentation. Dont use sentences. Abbreviate. Often your presentations will be based on a text you wrote. You may start with using phrases/ideas from the text for your presentation. But you have to edit the text: be shorter, use only relevant key words and connections. Cues not text You can also use symbols to make slides more quickly readable, using for example: => In your oral presentation, use the keywords from

the slides. The audience wants to be reassured that this is what youre talking about right now. Dont make them guess. Animate your slides Animate you slides. Your slides have to support your talk. The moment you bring up the next slide, the audience will start reading the slide. If you have 5 different points on the slide, the audience will be distracted by the other points and wont focus on what you say. Thus, bring up only bullet points that you are

currently talking about. Not future points. But: Generally use simple animation (appear). Others only for effect. Otherwise its too distracting. Animate your slides Make the presentation follow the natural flow of your argument (not the other way around, thus, dont let the talk follow the bullet points). Provide a structure for the audience The audience can follow your talk better if you provide them with a structure. You can use a table of content format in which you highlight when you move to the next part.

Use headers or side-bars to orient the audience. Climate Change, the Environment and Human Mobility Migration and Climate Change Key Frameworks Enable people to stay Mobility as Adaptation Harnessing Diaspora Contributions Climate Change, the Environment and Human Mobility

Migration and Climate Change Key Frameworks Enable people to stay Mobility as Adaptation Harnessing Diaspora Contributions Climate Change, the Environment and Human Mobility Migration and Climate Change Key Frameworks Enable people to stay Mobility as Adaptation Harnessing Diaspora

Contributions Climate Change, the Environment and Human Mobility Migration and Climate Change Key Frameworks Enable people to stay Mobility as Adaptation Harnessing Diaspora Contributions Introduction | Principal Effects | Action Effects | Conclusion OCI Focus Mig&Dev

To make it easier for the audience to follow the structure of your presentation you can display the outline of your presentation in the head bar, moving the arrow to where you are and changing the color of the active section (see above). Introduction | Principal Effects | Action Effects | Conclusion OCI Focus Mig&Dev To make it easier for the audience to follow the structure of your presentation you can display the outline of your presentation in the head bar, moving the arrow to where you are and changing the color of the active section (see above).

Introduction | Principal Effects | Action Effects | Conclusion To make it easier for the audience to follow the structure of your presentation you can display the outline of your presentation in the head bar, moving the arrow to where you are and changing the color of the active section (see above). Introduction | Principal Effects | Action Effects | Conclusion To make it easier for the audience to follow the structure of your presentation you can display the outline of your presentation in the head bar, moving

the arrow to where you are and changing the color of the active section (see above). Alternatives to text: boxes and animated flow charts Whenever you can dont use text but boxes, diagrams and flow-charts to illustrate relationships, developments, etc. Some suggestions for this are in the sample slides further below. Avoid using images of diagrams where it would be better to animate the different boxes/elements. Its often easy to recreate such diagrams.

Alternatives to text: boxes and animated flow charts Or use full screen good photos and a few words (or even just one word) in the center. You can elaborate on these you dont need a prompt for every idea you present. Sometimes its fine to bring up a theme slide and you talk without additional bullet points. What is the nation-state container view of society? #1: End poverty in

all its forms everywhere Entertain and pace your presentation Make your presentations entertaining (without being goofy). Even serious presentations are better with a pinch of humor (the occasion determines to what extent this is adequate). When making your presentation, dont spend too much time on the background. Many presentations loose precious time setting the scene and then dont have enough time for the major finding/points. Set your own timer when you present. You dont want to get a surprising 1 min left warning half way

through your presentation (and disable the auto lock function of your phone). Professionalize your slides A lot of useful animation comes intuitive when you spend some time with ppt. But there are 2 ways of kicking it up a notch: Watch YouTube tutorials on how to do more sophisticated animation. Invest 10-20 USD into a set of professionally made PPTs. (A few examples are in the Class Presentations folder). Other tips You can prepare extra slides that you store

after the thank you slide. If you get questions in the Q&A session you can refer to these additional data/charts. Advice for group presentations You may want to briefly introduce the team. Some prefer explicit transitions (Now Samira will introduce the ). I think its better to just switch without much noise about it. But if you present the structure of your talk in the beginning you can say who will do what. Even those not talking are on stage. Consider your body posture and presence. Rehearse together and respect your time limit.

Otherwise the last person gets no time to talk. General advice on presenting Avoid large, white, letter-sized notepads in your hands that distract. You can have small notes or cue cards. If you have many notes, you can make another PowerPoint presentation with them, print them with 2 or 3 slides on one page (hand-out format) and then cut out the slides into talk show host cue cards. However the best presentations are delivered freely.

General advice on presenting Move your head and look at all sides of the room to include everyone. If you are presenting in front of a panel or your professor, as well as the class, dont present only for the panel. Present to the entire audience, which happens to include the panel. If you regularly give presentations I recommend you to get a wireless presenter (clicker). This makes presenting a lot easier. General advice on presenting Only well-rehearsed presentations are good presentations.

Thus: Rehearse, rehearse, rehearse! This means practicing aloud (and ideally with a clicker). Some sample slides from my own presentations (I recommend you start the slide show for these to see the animation that follows the flow of my argument) Internal and international migration will increase due to population dynamics, economic factors,

environmental factors, including sea-level rise Facilitate and manage human mobility as an adaptation strategy Adjust and diversify SIDS livelihood strategies Migration as development

Contributors to SD Emigration/ Mobility leads to Emigrants & diaspora Immigrants SD affects

mobility contribute Emigration Sustainable Development Outcomes affect target Refugees

Immigrants Refugees Emigrants & diaspora Immigration Displacement Internally Displaced Persons

target and vulnerable populations for SD outcomes Introduction | Principal Effects | Action Effects | Conclusion OCI Focus Mig&Dev ? Introduction | Principal Effects | Action Effects | Conclusion OCI Focus Mig&Dev Overseas Citizenship

of India ? Development in India Introduction | Principal Effects | Action Effects | Conclusion OCI Focus Mig&Dev Opening the black box: Exploring the effect of OCI on development Actions by the

diasporic actors Overseas Citizenship of India How? What? Development in India

How? What? Introduction | Principal Effects | Action Effects | Conclusion Summary | Issues & questions Good-will effect Adoption of OCI status All groups Naturalization effect OCI-induced naturalizers

Availability of OCI Status passages toward OCI and having OCI Remitting, investing, trading, returning, lobbying, etc.

Rights effect for Old Cases, Second-plus generation, Certain Naturalizers Identity effect Old Cases, Second-plus generation, Certain Naturalizers Ability Decision Permissibility

to act Development in India Including populations not covered by social protection schemes Nation State

How to close protection & regulation gaps? Nation State Including populations not covered by social protection schemes

Country of origin solution Nation State Nation State

Including populations not covered by social protection schemes Nation State Country of destination

solution Nation State Including populations not covered by social protection schemes

Nation State Solution involves CoO & CoD Nation State

Diaspora Engagement SchemesDiaspora & Science Diaspora & Science Diaspora & Heath care Diaspora Investment Culture & Diaspora One-stopshop

Diaspora Ministries/I nstitutions Diaspora & Agriculture Diaspora & Diplomacy Diaspora & Entrepreneurship Diaspora & Education Diaspora&Knowledge transfer Diaspora & Investment Policy Implications Institutional

Implications Implications for Participation Migration and Public Policies Migration Immigration Emigration Diaspora options Return migration Transit Remitting, investing,

trading, Policies & Programmes returning, lobbying, Design etc. Implementation M&E Development 47 Each

goal is importa nt in itself Each goal is importa nt in itself and

they are all connec ted 3 levels of UN interventions Root Causes and Drivers of Migration & Displacement Managing Migration and Institutional Frameworks Harnessing Migration for Development

50 3 levels of UN interventions Root Causes and Drivers of Migration & Displacement Managing Migration and Institutional Frameworks Harnessing Migration for Development Employment (esp. youth employment)

Peace and Security Environmental change Governance and Rule of law => make migration a choice, not a necessity 51 3 levels of UN interventions Root Causes and Drivers of Migration & Displacement Managing Migration

and Institutional Frameworks Harnessing Migration for Development Human Rights of Migrants and Refugees. Fewer Migrant fatalities crossing (maritime) borders. Increase avenues for legal migration. Sound international/ bilateral/national policies.

Eliminate human trafficking => Making migration safe and well-managed 52 3 levels of UN interventions Root Causes and Drivers of Migration & Displacement Managing Migration and Institutional Frameworks Harnessing Migration

for Development Reducing the cost of migration. Reducing the cost of remittances. Address brain drain. Support return, diaspora investments, knowledge transfers. => Making migration work for sustainable development 53

Unpacking the links between migration and public policies Migration & policies Integrating human mobility into public policies Links between Migration, Displacement & Development Migration & Displacement in UNDAFs

Migration & specific policy sectors Policy & Institutional Coherence Impact analysis Migration and Displacement in UNDAFs 100% EUROPE 97% ASIA 81%

LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN 100% 90% AFRICA OCEANIA 169

Migration and Public Policies Employment Education Economic Development Migration & Displacement Health Good

Governance Environment & Climate Change SMEs & Industry FDI Agriculture Rural Development 57

Migration Policies Who and how many enter (immigration) or leave the country (emigration). Asylum policies. Developmentsensitive Migration Policies Migration-targeted public policies

Developmentsensitive Migration Policies Migration-sensitive activities In addition to fiscal, admin., econ., social, environment impact: Initiatives migration? Migration initiative? Unforeseen/unintended effect for im/emigration,

return, refugees or IDPs? Future im/emigration = threat to policy? choose different policy option or modify options. Migration-sensitive public policies Migration & Agriculture Agricultural jobs and services to address rural-urban/emigration Skills training and tools for returnees, refugees, IDPs (Sudan)

Immigration/circular migration linked to agricultural needs Diaspora savings, remittances, investments into agricultural production (Ethiopia, Nepal, Philippines, Tunisia) Diaspora knowledge for agroprocessing, market access for agro-trade & supply chains Diaspora Investment Policies Latin 46 countries 1 policy measure to America &

induce diaspora investments Caribbean (1) tax exceptions or breaks Africa (2) reduction of tariffs on goods or 65 % Other import duties Regions (3) preferential treatment for credit >50 (4) preferential treatment for licenses %

(5) streamlined bureaucratic process <3 (6) diaspora bond 3 (United Nations 2013) % From Policy to Impact Output s Policy

Theory of Change How do migration-targeted and migration-sensitive policies produce outcomes & impacts? Vector # of migra nts Remitting,

investing, Being economically trading,self-sustain, returning, active, lobbying, etc. etc. Migrants capacity Empowerment Networks Ability

Trust building Opportunities Information Decision Legal®ulatory framework Information on it Permissibilit y

to act Development Determinants of Intended migrants Impacts engagement 63 (Daniel Naujoks. 2013. Migration, Citizenship, and Development. OUP) Entry points for Public

Policies Thank you for your attention EMAIL @danaujoks

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