Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood:

Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood:

Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development Attachment Emotional tie with another person Formed shortly after birth (critical period) For infants: Attachment - #1 social achievement Most important attachment - caregiver Two parts: 1) Contact 2) Familiarity

Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development Attachment - terms Stranger anxiety Before assimilation & accommodation develop Separation anxiety After object permanence develops Sensorimotor Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood

Infancy & Childhood: Social development Contact Old theory: babies form attachments to fulfill nourishment, safety needs Harry Harlow: babies form attachments to fulfill comfort, safety needs Contact more important that food, etc. Wire mother

provides nourishment, cloth one doesnt. Which mother does the monkey choose? The cloth mother Comfort, contact more important than nourishment Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development

Familiarity Familiar is safe How do we know who is familiar (safe)? Imprinting Humans dont imprint Attachment long, complex process Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development

Forming attachments Mary Ainsworth Types of parenting affect how attachments are formed Responsive parenting More time spent with child more child becomes familiar with caregiver Non-responsive parenting Less time spent with child less child is familiar with caregiver On handout Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood

Infancy & Childhood: Social development Forming attachments Strange situation design Child in strange situation, usually a doctors office waiting room. Mother present Other children often present Toys present After a short period of time, the mother gets up to leave link Comes back a short while later.

Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development Forming attachments Three general responses/types 1) Secure Attachment 70% of the time Plays comfortably with other Explores new environment Not clingy to mother Cry when parent leaves room Run to them when they return

Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development Forming attachments Three general responses/types 2) Insecure attachment: Resistant Attachment - 10% of the time Does not play/play comfortably Does not explorer new environment Clingy to parent instead of playing/exploring Protests loudly when parent leaves Resist contact with parent at reunion

Acts angry toward parent Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development Forming attachments Three general responses/types 3) Insecure attachment Detached/Avoidant Attachment - 20% of the time Does not play/play comfortably Does not explorer new environment Indifferent towards parent Doesnt play or explore

Doesnt care if parent leaves the room Doesnt try to seek contact upon return Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development Effects of early attachments: terms Erik Erikson Social competence More nurture than nature Gained through Secure Attachment Basic trust Sense world is safe & predictable

People are trustworthy Formed during early childhood Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood Infancy & Childhood: Social development Effects of early attachments Type of attachment seems to influence later life, especially relationships. Early childhood treatment by parents only one indicator. Developmental psychology: Infancy & Childhood

Infancy & Childhood: Social development Effects of early attachments Type of attachment seems to influence later life, especially relationships: If we had Secure Attachment Healthier relationships Basic trust Social competence If we had Insecure

Attachment Opposite is true

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Intention

    Intention

    "For all its pleasures and benefits, this new perspective on happiness as a given right, tends to imagine happiness not as something won through moral cultivation, carried out over the course of a well-lived life [eudiamonia], but as something "out...
  • Probability and Statistical Distributions

    Probability and Statistical Distributions

    Can probability ever be less than 0.0? 3-* Probability Limits Since probability is computed from relative frequencies, it follows that the probability of an event must be between zero and one. If all cows are white, the probability of selecting...
  • The Demographic Highlights of a Changing New York

    The Demographic Highlights of a Changing New York

    of a Changing New York Macaulay Honors College The City University of New York January 26, 2012 Joseph Salvo Population Division
  • Activités de la chaire CRSNG/Industrielle-Alliance, Québec

    Activités de la chaire CRSNG/Industrielle-Alliance, Québec

    The evolution of public policies in Education, Science and Technologies in Quebec Nadia Ghazzali, Prof., Ph.D. NSERC - Industrial Alliance Chair for Women in Science and Engineering in Quebec ... June 14 1940 Sister Jeanne-de-Lorraine June 7 1946 DEMERS, Marthe...
  • Suicide Assessment - University of Maryland, Baltimore

    Suicide Assessment - University of Maryland, Baltimore

    Suicide Statistics . Fatal Outcomes (Suicides) in 2010: 38,364 total for the year, an average of 105 per day. In 2010 , suicide was the 10th leading cause of death for all ages
  • Spatial Profile of the Squeezed Quantum Noise Generated

    Spatial Profile of the Squeezed Quantum Noise Generated

    Mi Zhang, Irina Novikova, Eugeniy E. Mikhailov. College of William & Mary . R. Nicholas Lanning, Jonathan P. Dowling. Louisiana State Univ. Spatial Profile of the Squeezed Quantum Noise Generated and Modified by Resonant Atomic Ensembles
  • Microsoft Small Basic

    Microsoft Small Basic

    Small Basic'de, o andaki tarihe ve saate erişmek için, Clock. nesnesini kullanabilirsiniz. Bu ayrıca size, o andaki günü, ayı, yılı, dakikayı, saniyeyi ayrı ayrı alabilmenizi sağlayan bir grup özellik sağlar. Az önceki programda saatin 12'den küçük olup olmadığını sorgulamak için...
  • Ionic Compounds: Naming - Wappingers Central School District

    Ionic Compounds: Naming - Wappingers Central School District

    Naming Binary Ionic Compoundsthere is a flow chart for you to use in the front of your packet. 1. Always name metal (the cation/+ ion) first. 2. Leave a space ... so we have to use Roman Numeral to Tell...