Indonesian Verbs Actions speak louder than words Types
Indonesian Verbs Actions speak louder than words Types of Verbs in Indonesian 1. Simple verbs without affixes added to the root word 2. Verbs with the prefix ber- added to
the root word 3. Verbs with the prefix me- added to the root word Simple Verbs These verbs are used in simple statements that follow the structure Subject + Verb
They are therefore generally intransitive but can also be made transitive by adding the prefix me- and the suffix kan-. Some of them are both transitive and intransitive including makan, minum and naik.
Verbs With the Prefix ber- These verbs are always intransitive and can only connect to the object of the sentence via a preposition such as di, ke, dari, dengan, pada and so on. The only exceptions to this are the verbs
bermain (to play) and belajar (to study) which are both transitive. Other meanings of the ber- Prefix ber- attached to an object (noun) is another way of expressing possession : Saya beranak dua orang ( I have two
children) Saya bermobil Mercedes (I have a Mercedes car) Other meanings of the ber- Prefix ber- attached to an item of clothing or accessories is another way of expressing
using or wearing : Saya bercelana jins Levis( I am wearing Levis jeans) Saya berkacamata hitam Ray Ban (I am wearing Ray Ban sunglasses) Verbs With the Prefix me~
These verbs are always transitive and must therefore connect directly to the object of the sentence. There are five me~ prefixes and their use is determined by the first letter of the root word. The five prefixes are me~, mem~,
men~, meng~, meny- and menge~. Prefix me~ l, m, n, r, w & y
Prefix mem~ b, f, (p) &v Prefix men~
c, d, j, (t) & z Prefix meng- a, e, g,
h, i, (k), o&u Prefix meny~ (s)
Prefix menge~ This prefix is attached to all single-syllable verbs only. Attention !!!!
If the root verb begins with one of the letters in brackets (t,p,k & s), then that letter is dropped when the transitive verb is formed. There are very few exceptions to this rule, the only common one being mempunyai where the p is not
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