Jane Austen, The Georgian Era, and Pride and Prejudice John Constable, Wivenhoe Park, Essex, 1816. British and World Events 1798-1832 1801: Act of Union creates United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 1801: Union Jack becomes official flag 1803: United States: Louisiana Territory purchased from France 1804: Germany: Beethoven composes Symphony No. 3 1804: France: Napoleon crowns himself emperor 1805: Battle of Trafalgar 1813: Jane Austen publishes Pride and Prejudice
1831: United States: Edgar Allan Poe publishes Poems http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kwRVR-TmKYw The Coronation of Napoleon is a painting completed in 1807 by Jacques-Louis David Regency Period Research 1. What is the Regency Period? Who was in power in England? 2. How was Austens world affected by such international developments as the Napoleonic War, the American Revolution, and the French Revolution? 3. What elements of popular culture mark this period? Research styles of dress, art, music, dance, and games. 4. What was the view of women during this time? 5. Who was Mary Wollstonecraft? Suggested Resources:
http://www.erasofelegance.com/history/regency.html http://janeaustensworld.wordpress.com/ http://www.pemberley.com http://www.lkwdpl.org/lhs/regencyperiod/ Explore the following: Classical Musicfor example, Beethoven, Rossini, Schubert, Liszt and Mendelssohn DanceShift in popularity from country dances to the waltz which was considered controversial during Austens day ArtDavid, Turner, Constable HistoryNapoleonic Wars, French Revolution, American Revolution (Note that Austen makes no reference to military actions in this novel, although this was a period of great change through war.)
ScienceIndustrial Revolution, steam locomotion Religionthe Evangelical movement, mysticism and other trends in religion during the late 18th and early 19th century Other areasarchitecture, fashion, food, sports The Georgian Era lasted from 1714 to 1830. It is named after the first four British kings from the House of Hanover, George I, George II, George III, and George IV. Jane Austen (1775-1817) lived entirely in the reign of George III (r. 1760-1820). Around 1811, George III went insane, and his son (later George IV) ruled in his place until the death of his father, a period known as the Regency. John Constable, View of Epsom
Dynasty Monarch Years Henry VII 1485-1509 Henry VIII 1509-1547 Edward VI 1547-1553
Mary I 1553-1558 Elizabeth I 1558-1603 Stuart James I 1567-1625 Charles I 1625-1649 None
Interregnum 1649-1660 Charles II 1660-1685 James II 1685-1688 William III & Mary II 1689-1702 Anne
1702-1714 George I 1714-1727 George II 1727-1760 George III 1760-1820 George IV 1820-1830 William IV
1830-1837 Victoria 1837-1901 Tudor Stuart Hanover George III (r. 1760-1820) American War of Independence (17751783) French Revolution (1789-1799) Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815) Industrial Revolution (1750-1850) Move from agricultural to urban society
Growth of factories and technology John Constable, The Chain Pier, Brighton 1824-1827 Neoclassicism: (mid-eighteenth century the middle of the nineteenth century) classical style; order; Enlightenment/Age of Reason Jacques-Louis David, Oath of the Horatii, 1784 Romanticism: (early nineteenth century) emotions painted in a bold,
dramatic manner; return to nature; against science and reason Caspar David Friedrich, Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog, 1818 British Painting of the Late Georgian Era John Constable and J. M. W. Turner are two of the most important English painters of the late Georgian era. They were both important landscape painters, which was less appreciated than history paintings. However, Turner also painted history paintings, such as his Battle of Trafalgar.
J. M. W. Turner, The Battle of Trafalgar (1822) John Constable, The Hay Wain (1821) Jane Austen (1775-1817) Born in Steventon, England George Austen (father) was the clergyman of the local parish. She was educated mostly at home by her father with her seven siblings. Her writing began in her teens with parodies and skits to
entertain her family. A water color and pencil sketch of Austen, believed to have been drawn from life by her sister Cassandra (c. 1810). Austens Writings Sense and Sensibility (1811) Pride and Prejudice (1813) Mansfield Park (1814) Emma (1816) Northanger Abbey and
Persuasion were both published posthumously in 1818. She began a another novel, which was eventually titled Sanditon, but died before completing it. Anonymous Writer Austen published her novels anonymously, and only her family knew that she was the author of these novels. Prevented her from acquiring and authorial reputation, but it enabled her to preserve her privacy. English society associated a females entrance into the public sphere with a reprehensible loss of femininity. Napoleonic Wars (1800-1815) threatened the
safety of monarchies throughout Europe, so the government censored literature. J.M.W. Turner, Off Margate, 1840 Writing Style Novels of Manners critique social customs, conventions, and behaviors of a particular social class at a specific time and place. Includes satirical wit (especially in the realities of love and marriage) Satirizes snobs and the poor breeding of the lower social classes. Often critical of the assumptions and prejudices of upper-class England. Realistic about the lack of social mobility and the awareness of class. Advancement for men: military, church, or law
Advancement for women: successful marriage J.M.W. Turner, Seascape with Storm Coming On, ca. 1840 Pride & Prejudice History: originally titled First Impressions (1796-1797) Rejected by publishers In 1809, Austen began revisions Pride and Prejudice published in January 1813 Genre: Comedy of manners (not a tragic ending) Setting: During Napoleonic Wars (1797-1815) in Longbourn, in rural England Netherfield Park, Bingleys residence Pemberly House, Darcys Estate The Derbyshire countryside Rosings, the home of Lady Catherine Themes: Love, Reputation, Class
J.M.W. Turner, Off Margate, 1840 John Constable, Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds, 1823. Charact ers Narrator: Third-person omniscient Point of View: Elizabeth Bennet (primarily) Protagonist: Elizabeth Bennet Antagonist: Snobbish class-consciousness (epitomized by Lady Catherine de Bourgh and Characters: Bennet Family Elizabeth Bennetprotagonist, the second of five daughters; pragmatic and independent; her fathers favorite Miss Jane BennetElizabeths older sister; wants to see the best in everyone; Mary Bennettthe plain, bookish middle sister
Miss Catherine (Kitty) Bennetteasily led and shallow fourth daughter Lydia Bennetthe youngest sister, flirty and undisciplined Mr. Bennettheir father, cynical and permissive Mrs. Bennettheir mother, whose main goal is to find husbands for her daughters Fonthill Abbey in Wiltshire, England from the south west by J.M.W. Turner, 1799. Characters: Bennet Friends Charlotte LucasElizabeths best friend Sir William and Mrs. LucasThe Bennets neighbors Mr. Collinsthe Bennet girls overbearing cousin, a priggish clergyman who stands to inherit Longbourn, the Bennets entailed estate The GardinersMrs. Bennets brother
and sister-in-law who live in London George Wickhaman attractive militia officer stationed near the Bennets Fonthill Abbey in Wiltshire, England from the south west by J.M.W. Turner, 1799. Characters: Bingley Family & Friends Mr. Charles Bingleyunmarried, wealthy young man who has leased nearby Netherfield Miss Caroline BingleyMr. Bingleys sister Mrs. HurstBingleys married sister Mr. HurstBingleys brother-in-law Mr. Fitzwilliam DarcyBingleys prideful, wealthy friend Miss DarcyDarcys sister Col. Fitzwilliama relation of Darcy whose status as second son leaves him with little wealth Lady Catherine de Bourgha condescending wealthy snob; patron of Collins; aunt of Darcy Fonthill Abbey in Wiltshire, England from the south west by J.M.W. Turner, 1799.
Character Cards 1. Elizabeth Bennet 2. Miss Jane Bennet 3. Miss Catherine (Kitty) Bennet 4. Lydia Bennet 5. Mr. Bennet 6. Mrs. Bennet 1. Charlotte Lucas 2. Mr. Collins 3. George Wickham 4. Mr. Charles Bingley 5. Mr. Fitzwilliam
Darcy 6. Lady Catherine de Bourgh Fonthill Abbey in Wiltshire, England from the south west by J.M.W. Turner, 1799. Character Name (First, Last, Nickname) Relationships Actions/Words Thoughts/Others Thoughts Qualities Character Cards As you read, focus
on the actions and words of the character. Write their name on the front with a visual example, and on the back add actions, words, qualities, relationships (especially to Vocab Cards Bac k Definition: Synonym/ Fron Antonym:
t Original Sentence: Visual Example: Vocabulary Word Part of Speech Vocab Cards Example Bac k Definition: puzzled; confused Synonym/Antonym: bewildered, enlightened Original Sentence: He looked perplexed by the questions on the test. Visual Example: Fron t Perplexed
Adj. (adjective) Pride & Prejudice Research: 1 1. Pride and Prejudice Economics: Or Why a Single Man with a Fortune of 4,000 Per Year is a Desirable Husband http://janeaustensworld.wordpress.com/2008/02/10/the-economicsof-pride-and-prejudice-or-why-a-single-man-with-a-fortune-of-4000-p er-year-is-a-desirable-husband/ 2. A Pride and Prejudice Gazetteer : A Guide to the Real and Imagined Places inhttp://www.pemberley.com/images/landt/maps/pp/Cary-18 the Novel 12-Eng-map.html 2
3 3. JASNA: Wheres Where in Jane Austens Novels http://www.jasna.org/info/maps.html 4. The History of the Novel http://www.nvcc.edu/home/ataormina/novels/history/default.htm 4 Pre-Reading Questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
8. 9. First impressions are often wrong. Children are rarely justified in being embarrassed by their parents. Parents should have some say about whom their children marry. Families should be concerned with what others think. Love at first sight is a common occurrence. People communicate more effectively in the twenty-first century than they did during the nineteenth century. Happiness in marriage is entirely a matter of chance (Charlotte, 21). Playing hard to get is useful in attracting members of the opposite sex. People are happiest when they marry within their own social class. John Constable, View of Epsom
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