INTESTINE SMALL INTESTINE LARGE INTESTINE Split up intestine

INTESTINE SMALL INTESTINE LARGE INTESTINE Split up intestine

INTESTINE SMALL INTESTINE LARGE INTESTINE Split up intestine functions Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 SMALL INTESTINE Bile/trypsin added Finish digesting Absorb nutrients

VILLI-increase surface area for more absorption http://neuromedia.neurobio.ucla.edu/campbell/epithelium/wp_images/107%20villi.jpg Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 LARGE INTESTINE Removes water from feces Collects/

concentrates digestive waste Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 SMALL INTESTINE DUODENUMAdd bile/trypsin Finish digestion ILEUMFinish digestion Absorb

nutrients Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 CLOAC SharedA collecting space for Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 DIGESTIVE

EXCRETORY REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS STOMACH Whats for lunch? Cut open your stomach

Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 STOMACH RUGAERough folds inside stomach allow expansion help to break Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006

SPLEEN BLOOD CELL FACTORY Makes, stores, processes worn out red blood cells Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 10 Body Systems :

___________________ EXCRETORY Get rid of nitrogen waste made by cells Nitrogen waste has different chemical forms: ___________ AMMONIA __________ _____________ UREA

URIC ACID MOST TOXIC made from LEAST TOXIC ammonia by needs the least liver water to dilute FISH HUMANS BIRDS, REPTILES

AMPHIBIANS ALL WASTE is NOT THE SAME! DIGESTIVE wasteleft over from undigested food travels through digestive system leaves through digestive system as feces EXCRETORY waste(Also called NITROGEN WASTE) made by cells from break down of proteins travels through blood stream leaves through excretory system as ammonia, urea, or uric acid

KIDNEYSRemove nitrogen waste from blood and dilute it with water to make urine; Osmoregulation Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 Adult frogs excrete

as UREA TO CONSERVE WATER URINARY BLADDER STORES URINE MADE BY KIDNEYS LARVAE (Tadpoles) Excrete AMMONIA like fish Adult frogs excrete UREA to conserve water

Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 CLOAC SharedA collecting space for Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 DIGESTIVE EXCRETORY REPRODUCTIVE

SYSTEMS OVARIES Make eggs Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 Image from: http://step.sdsc.edu/projects95/Frog.Dissection/index.html Carry eggs to cloaca

Add jelly coating OVARY without eggs Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 TESTES-makes sperm VAS DEFERENS-tubules that carry sperm to cloaca Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006

AMPLEXUS firm embrace Sperm and egg released @ same time and place Increases chances of external fertilization Image from: http://portal.isis.org/partners/AARK/YOTF%20Campaign%20Pack%20images/Forms/DispForm.aspx?ID=336 INDIRECT DEVELOPMENT http://saczoo.com/3_kids/images

Grow legs; Lose tail 2 chambers 3 chambers 1 loop 2 loops Breathe w/ gills lungs & skin Excrete ammonia excrete ure (gills & kidneys) (kidneys) ENDOCRINE SYSTEM http://saczoo.com/3_kids/images THYROID GLAND

makes THYROXIN to control heart rate, metabolism, and METAMORPHOSIS Ways tadpoles are like fish Have a LATERAL LINE Breathe with gills Excrete nitrogen waste as AMMONIA (with gills & kidneys)

Have a 2 chamber heart Have a 1 loop circulatory system http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c7/L.littlejohni_tadpole.jpg/800px-L.littlejohni_tadpole.jpg image from: http://www.spc.cc.tx.us/biology/jmckinney/Studyimages/frog/frogdissectlist.html Pericardial membrane around heart Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006

LUNGS: GAS EXCHANGE http://www.stclement.pvt.k12.il.us/studentWeb/science98/GarrittPatM/alveoli.gif http://www.tvdsb.on.ca/westmin/science/snc2g1/frogresp.htm BREATHING WITH LUNGS is called PULMONARY RESPIRATION Frogs PUSH AIR INTO LUNGS = POSITIVE PRESSURE

Larvae breathe with GILLS http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c7/L.littlejohni_tadpole.jpg/800px-L.littlejohni_tadpole.jpg Image by Riedell/VanderWal2006 HEART 3 chambers 2 loops

HEART 3 chambered heart Right atrium Left atrium Ventricle Image from: http://www.digitalfrog.com/resources/froggallery.html Images from: http://www2.volstate.edu/msd/BIO/1020/Lab7ChordateII.htm

TADPOLES & FISH: 2 chambered heart 1 loop system ADULT FROG: 3 chamber heart 2 loop system MOST vertebrates have nuclei in their RBCs RBCs image from:

http://www.fish-news.com/RG4001.jpg Human RBC image from: http://www.nigms.nih.gov/moleculestomeds/images/bloodcells.gif MAMMALS DONT Sinus venosus

BODY organs Atrium GILLS

Ventricle Conus arteriosus FISH CIRCULATION Sinus venosus

RIGHT LEFT Atrium Atrium Ventricle

Body organs Lungs

Conus arteriosus FROG CIRCULATION Sinus venosus

RIGHT LEFT Atrium Atrium Ventricle

Body organs Lungs

Conus arteriosus FROG CIRCULATION SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION

LUNGS = Pulmonary Kidneys = renal Heart = coronary

Liver = hepatic BRAIN http://www.manheimcentral.org/~tw005690/Frog/frog.htm

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Revision Saturday - Clashes and Collisions

    Revision Saturday - Clashes and Collisions

    Throughout the poem, a picture is built up of half a person, which the writer clearly thinks is being implied by calling people 'half-caste'. Q1. Why is the poet spending so much of this poem building an extended metaphor of...
  • Orientation to Prevention and Health Promotion

    Orientation to Prevention and Health Promotion

    PBIS Conference June 11, 2008 Bill B. Burnett, M.Ed., MAC Director of Prevention and Community Development CPSA Prevention Target: Non-members targeted for services To prevent behavioral health problems before they start Focused on risk and protective factors Continuum of Behavior...
  • Navigating the E-rate Invoicing Process

    Navigating the E-rate Invoicing Process

    Invoice method (BEAR or SPI) is the applicant's choice. Service providers and applicants should have this discussion as early as possible - ideally, before the applicant certifies the FCC Form 471. Once the invoice method is set for a Funding...
  • Amateur Radio Technician Class Element 2 Course Presentation

    Amateur Radio Technician Class Element 2 Course Presentation

    repeater directory. The Internet is your best source. (But this is the question on the exam.) T8C10You can select a specific . IRLP node . when using a portable transceiver by . ... The sound card communicates between the computer...
  • Ray Gluckman - Cooling Efficiency: technologies

    Ray Gluckman - Cooling Efficiency: technologies

    Impact of efficiency improvement on costs. most efficiency measures have a good financial return for end user. any extra capital cost often recovered in 1 - 3 years from energy savings
  • History of Forensic Chapter 1 - PC\|MAC

    History of Forensic Chapter 1 - PC\|MAC

    History of Forensic Chapter 1 Forensic Science - is the study and application of science to matter of the law. (criminalistics) Forensic Latin word meaning forum, a public place where, in Roman times, a senators and other debated and held...
  • justchinajade.files.wordpress.com

    justchinajade.files.wordpress.com

    Evaluation. When evaluating the effectiveness of the campaign, the Cherokee Rose Writing Project needs to compare: Message Exposure (via media placement): Track the increase of activity on their social media posts.
  • BMS 631 - LECTURE 1 Flow Cytometry: Theory J.Paul Robinson ...

    BMS 631 - LECTURE 1 Flow Cytometry: Theory J.Paul Robinson ...

    Times New Roman Comic Sans MS Symbol Arial Default Design Adobe Photoshop Image BMS 602/631 - LECTURE 8 Flow Cytometry: Theory J. Paul Robinson Professor of Immunopharmacology& Biomedical Engineering Purdue University Detectors Silicon photodiodes PMT Signal Detection - PMTs Photomultiplier...