Careers in Geosciences: Employment Trends, Marketable Skills, and

Careers in Geosciences: Employment Trends, Marketable Skills, and

Careers in Geosciences: Employment Trends, Marketable Skills, and Strategies for Job Seekers Aaron W. Johnson, PhD Executive Director American Institute of Professional Geologists 1333 W 120th Avenue Westminster, CO 80234

The Job Market is StrongMostly ~325,000 working geoscientists in the USA Oil and Gas Industry is hiringM.S. and Ph.D. Environmental Fieldmostly B.S. students (40%) Retirements may drive job markets ~50% of geoscientists will be eligible to retire between 2018 and 2024 Predicted shortage of 90,000 geoscientists by 2030 (gap is narrowing)

Narrowing due to: Increases in productivity Increases in recent graduates Expanded use of employees with certifications or with related degrees Potential Employers and Job Seekers Recent Trends in Total Geoscience

Employment Employment Outlook Within Sectors 10-Year Overall Projection 10-Year Projections by Sector

10-Year Projections by Occupation Employment Trend Summary Largest growth potential by sector: Professional and Technical Services Agricultural and Mining Support Oil and Gas

Weakest growth by sector: Federal Government Mining*

Waste management State and Local Government Employment Trends Summary Largest Growth Potential by Occupation:

Environmental Engineers Environmental Scientists Geologists Petroleum Engineers Smallest Growth Potential by Occupation

Exploration Geologists Mining Geologists* Management Where do Students Look for Work?

Salaries are Excellent Recent graduate average starting salaries vary by degree B.S.--$30,000 - $50,000 M.S.--$40,000 - $60,000 OR $100,000 - $120,000 (O&G; Engineering) Ph.D.-- $50,000 - $70,000 **All starting salaries above $90,000 were in Oil and Gas Median salaries are increasing in all sectors

Engineering managers: $132,800 Petroleum engineers: $129,990 Mining and geological engineers: $94,040

All Geoscientists: $89,700 Hydrologists: $79,550 10-year Salary Trends A Closer Look at Starting Salaries

Recent Median Salaries by Occupation Marketable Skills Expected Skills vs. Marketable Skills Expected skills are what you learned at University (mineral identification, 3point problems, Darcys Law, simple stratigraphy, aqueous geochemistry, basic field mapping, etc.)

Marketable skills set YOU apart from the herd Write, write, write!

Do you know when to lead and when to follow? Autonomy Initiative Applied skills (Total Station, well sampling, SAS or other statistical software, coding in Python or Strabo, Vulcan or similar software (Rockware, etc) Marketable Skills Marketable skills

Supervisory experience Budgeting Project management

Logistics Dont discount your experience outside geology Be Jesse Branham Advice for Job Seekers Advice for Job Seekers

1. Go to the Job Fair 2. Join a professional organization 3. Faculty are a resource 4. Find an Internship or applied research project 5. Attend a professional conference 6. Walk in the Door 7. Write a good cover letter and resume 8. Do your homework

9. Be ready for a phone interview 10. Take any opportunity The Job Fair MU does not have a job fair that is specific to geology or to the sciences in general Other job fairs are open to the public (Kansas City, Raytown, St. Louis and at

some MU-System Universities) Prepare for the Fair Find the list of companies attending and become familiar with those you find interesting Read mission statements, company vision and values, descriptions of past projects Are any MU Geology alumni employed there?

Join A Professional Organization Be Active Attend local events Present a Poster Be outgoing Faculty are a Resource Network of successful

(hopefully) graduate students Large network of contacts Often have other professional experience They want you to succeed Internships and Applied Research

Internships need not be full summer programs Schedule around your course and research load Volunteer with a government agency (USGS/USFWS/MODNR) Applications of your thesis research Applied projects in classes Independent study

Attend a Professional Conference Organization in your desired field Attend networking events Present your research Bring a business card Walk in the Door

Online Applications are Standard When you can, go to the office

Bring an up-to- date resume Dress professionally Be prepared to ask pertinent questions Be familiar with some projects Have a specific goal or outcome in mind Write a good cover letter and resume

Cover letter and resume are linked Be concise Generic goal statements are a dime a dozen Highlight your key attributes Proofread VERY carefully Do your homework

Additional courses or certifications Take the ASBOG Fundamentals of Geology Exam Get your HAZWoPER 40-hour certification Get a first aid and CPR certification Check your social media accounts for obvious stupidity Before you apply, become familiar with the company Identify key personnel

Learn about specific projects of interest Check their social media Be Ready for a Phone Interview First contact is almost always by phone Do a detailed review of the company Post-It notes are your friend Make notes by category

Strengths, weaknesses, how you handle conflict, career goals, questions you have for them, all posted near your interview space Have specific examples Take notes during the interview Take Any Opportunity Stretch your limits The first year is key

Average is 7 different employers in a 30 year career Be Matt Loehr Questions?

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