THE INVASION OF THE CELTS AND THE ROMANS INTO BRITAIN CELTS (between 6th and 4th century BC) BRITAIN ROMANS (55 BC 410 AD / 4th century) LITERATURE CELTIC - a lively imagination - true poetic feeling - deep love of nature - those heathen were very human


ROMAN CIVILIZATION Agriculture Law Religion Language Physical development THE SETTLING OF THE ANGLOSAXONS In the 5th century Teutonic tribes (from Germany) settled Britain The Jutes The Anglo-Saxons In 599

Briton Engla-land * Language: low Germanic dialect England Anglo-Saxon Literature Poems Epics Riddles Heroic Sagas: - Nibelungen Lied

- Gundrum - Wieland - Beowulf no love lyrics: - The Battle of Maldon Prose - the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: Bede (673 735): Ecclesiastical History of the English People - King Alfred: translated Old English verses into Latin translated Bedes works from Latin into English

Father of English Prose Poetry - Elegiac Poems: . The Ruined Burg . The Wifes Complaint . The Wanderer his . The Seafarer the when the spring returns

mourns the vanished glory of the ruined city, victim of Fate (Wyrd). a young wife mourns her separation a young man sighs for dead liege-lord nothing can destroy picture of those dark Northern sea; the misery is forgotten War Poems: - Battle of Maldon

against Danes in 991 Christian poems: - Genesis A - Genesis B - Exodus - Daniel - Christ and Satans fought the Other old English poems

- Andreas - Guthlac - The Dream of The Rood (the best poem) Old English Lyrics - Deors Complaint - The Husbands Messages Poems of Scholars: - Caedman Song of Creation in Song of Creation in Alliterative Verse - Cynewulf Song of Creation in The Ascention, Song of Creation in The Christ

The Outstanding Features of the Old English Poem : The Alliterative verse Parallelism A great number of flowery, composite terms The musical accompaniment of a stringed instrument Language Spoken by the Anglo-Saxons : 1. Low-Germany Old English / Oldest English

Differs from later English, is relatively full of inflectional system and practically a unilingual vocabulary. 2. Four main dialects : a. Kentish Kent and Surrey b. West Saxon Saxon ( South Territory of the Thames ) c. Mercian/Midland between the Thames & the

Humber ( Southern Angels ) d. Northumbrian between the Humber & Scotland Religion of the AngloSaxons : Polytheism 1. Chief gods : Thor Loki

Tiw Days of the week 2. The gods were subject to the decrees of the dread goddess Wyrd or Fate Anglo Saxon Characteristics : 1. Stern, barbarous life, subjected by nature to 2. 3.

4. 5. rude turmoil Mixtures of savagery, sentiment and nobility Religious feeling, its philosophy being instinct with fatalism Responsiveness to Nature, Particularly deep love of the sea inspired their poetry Common sense, power of indurance, and seriousness of thought characterize the Anglo-Saxons Anglo Saxon Ideals :

Love of glory is the ruling motive of every noble life Allegiance to lord or king is the social virtue most extolled Reference for womanhood higher than was usual even among more enlightened people Love of personal freedom, did not conflict with the fidelity, even unto death of thane to lord Open-handed hospitality of lord to thane Honoring of truth Repression of sentiment Mythological Basis of

Beowulf : 1. Beowulf is sun-god 2. Beowulf symbolizes mankind fighting 3. Beowulf is a culture hero 4. Epic is a possible amalgamation of the historical story Structure and Form Beowulf is called a Popular Epic: - Familiar traditions of people - Long, dignified narrative poem - Momentous actions of an heroic character

- Sustained majestic verse - Exalted or supernatural personage of the past, or characters of noble birth - If at rare intervals one of low ranks is introduced that persons name goes unmentioned 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

EXERCISES What is the relation of history and literature? According to the history, why did AngloSaxons come to England? How was woman regarded? Could you compare the Anglo-Saxon ideal woman with that of Paleolithic, Neolithic, or Roman people? Why poetry is more interesting than prose in the Old period? Tell the language development from the very old period to the Anglo-Saxon period. What was the effect of Christianity to the life of English people?

Give an account of Alfreds career in his works of literature.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Chapter 1: Introduction to Statistics

    Chapter 1: Introduction to Statistics

    Chapter 6: The Unit Normal Table. The first column (A) in the table lists z-scores corresponding to different positions in a normal distribution. Column B presents the proportion in the body. The body is always the larger part of the...
  • The Bivariate Normal Distribution

    The Bivariate Normal Distribution

    The Bivariate Normal Distribution. Just as the most useful univariate distribution in statistical practice is the normal distribution, the most useful joint distribution for two rv's. X . and . Y . is the bivariate normal distribution. The pdf is...


    PS: 95-1. 98-6 Decision Making Model. The RN Scope of Practice includes Assessment, Diagnosis, Planning, Intervention, and Evaluation. The is consistent with the American Nurse's Association Nursing Process that is taught in nursing programs.
  • Animal Fiction - Weebly

    Animal Fiction - Weebly

    Definition. Animal fiction appears in many different forms but all of the stories include one or more animals as the focus of the story. Fiction is defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary as: Prose literature, esp. short stories and novels, about...
  • Prefixes and Suffixes - Ms. Lonza's 6th Grade English Class

    Prefixes and Suffixes - Ms. Lonza's 6th Grade English Class

    a word you can add beginnings and endings to Why look at root word? helps find meanings of words What is a prefix? a word part that has its own meaning add to change meaning of words Prefix pre- un-...
  • Queensland University of Technology Roles of assessment in

    Queensland University of Technology Roles of assessment in

    Talking your ear off Gym junkies Gifted hands Ah McCain you've done it again An analysis of alcohol induced loquaciousness Investigation into student internet usage Maritime museum usage pH of river Optical illusions Voluntary student unionism: to join or not...
  • Responding Effectively to Students on the Autism Spectrum

    Responding Effectively to Students on the Autism Spectrum

    Lying is sometimes difficult for ASD students but not impossible. Be genuine and forthright in your engagement. Recognize defense modes; "Fight or flight" response changes the student's physical status and sometimes shuts down the ability of sound reasoning. Give very...
  • A Whirlwind Tour of CSCW Research Joseph F.

    A Whirlwind Tour of CSCW Research Joseph F.

    A Whirlwind Tour of CSCW Research Joseph F. McCarthy Intel Research, Seattle (Elizabeth F. Churchill FX Palo Alto Laboratory) Overview Traditional CSCW Background, Influences, Technologies Case study (Palen & Grudin) Calendar use in the workplace Non-traditional CSCW Beyond the workplace...