Maps "He's off the map!" -Stan (Mark Ruffalo)

Maps "He's off the map!" -Stan (Mark Ruffalo)

Maps "He's off the map!" -Stan (Mark Ruffalo) Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind 1 Other Data Structures Write a program to count the frequency of all the words in a file. Make a simplification: assume words are anything set off by whitespace Maps

2 Why So Slow Write a contains method for an array based list public boolean contains(E target) { CS 314 Maps 3 A Faster Way - Maps Also known as: table, search table, dictionary, associative array, or associative container

A data structure optimized for a very specific kind of search / access In a map we access by asking "give me the value associated with this key." Recall, in the ArrayList example we did not count the number of occurrences of each word CS 314 Maps 4 Keys and Values Dictionary Analogy:

The key in a dictionary is a word: foo The value in a dictionary is the definition: First on the standard list of metasyntactic variables used in syntax examples A key and its associated value form a pair that is stored in a map To retrieve a value the key for that value must be supplied A List can be viewed as a Map with integer keys CS 314 Maps 5

More on Keys and Values Keys must be unique, meaning a given key can only represent one value but one value may be represented by multiple keys like synonyms in the dictionary. Example: factor: n.See coefficient of X factor is a key associated with the same value (definition) as the key coefficient of X CS 314 Maps

6 The Map Interface in Java void clear() Removes all mappings from this map (optional operation). boolean containsKey(Object key) Returns true if this map contains a mapping for the specified key. boolean containsValue(Object value) Returns true if this map maps one or more keys to the specified value.

Set keySet() Returns a Set view of the keys contained in this map. CS 314 Maps 7 The Map Interface Continued V get(Object key) Returns the value to which this map maps the specified key. boolean isEmpty() Returns true if this map contains no key-value

mappings. V put(K key, V value) Associates the specified value with the specified key in this map CS 314 Maps 8 The Map Interface Continued V remove(Object key)

Removes the mapping for this key from this map if it is present int size() Returns the number of key-value mappings in this map. Collection values() Returns a collection view of the values contained in this map. CS 314 Maps 9

Other Uses? Maps 10

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