Eating Disorders 101 www.NationalEatingDisorders.org Helpline: 800-931-2237 Business Line:
Eating Disorders 101 www.NationalEatingDisorders.org Helpline: 800-931-2237 Business Line: 212-575-6200 What Are Eating Disorders? Real, life-threatening illnesses with potentially fatal consequences. Involve extreme emotions, attitudes, and behaviors surrounding weight, food, and size. Caused by a range of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors
www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Who Do Eating Disorders Affect? Everyone. People of all genders, ages, races, religions, ethnicities, and sexual orientations can be affected. As many as 20 million women and 10 million men will struggle with an eating disorder at some point in their lives. www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Biopsychosocial Disorders
Biological Factors: Family history History of dieting Type One (Insulindependent) Diabetes Genetic predisposition Psychological Factors: Low self esteem
Relationship with self Feelings of inadequacy Depression, anxiety, fear, or loneliness www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Social Factors: Cultural norms that
overvalue appearance Body dissatisfaction Drive for perceived ideal body type Historical trauma Weight stigma/bullying The 9 Truths About Eating Disorders 1. Many people with eating disorders look healthy,
yet may be extremely ill. 2. Families are not to blame, and can be the patients and providers best allies in treatment. 3. An eating disorder diagnosis is a health crisis that disrupts personal and family functioning. www.nationaleatingdisorders.org The 9 Truths About Eating Disorders 4. Eating disorders are not choices, but serious biologically influenced illnesses. 5. Eating disorders affect people of all genders,
ages, races, ethnicities, body shapes and weights, sexual orientations, and socioeconomic statuses. 6. Eating disorders carry an increased risk for both suicide and medical complications. www.nationaleatingdisorders.org The 9 Truths About Eating Disorders 7. Genes and environment play important roles in the development of eating disorders. 8. Genes alone do not predict who will develop eating disorders. 9. Full recovery from an eating disorder is possible.
Early detection and intervention are important. www.nationaleatingdisorders.org An Overview to Eating Disorders WARNING SIGNS, SYMPTOMS, & HEALTH CONSEQUENCES Common Warning Signs EMOTIONAL/BEHAVIORAL PHYSICAL
Weight loss, dieting, and control of food are primary concerns Food rituals Social withdrawal Frequent dieting, body checking Extreme mood swings
www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Noticeable weight fluctuations Gastrointestinal complaints Dizziness upon standing Difficulty concentrating, sleeping Issues with dental, skin, hair, and nail health Warning Signs & Symptoms https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=133&v=nJMtReAg1DI
Eating disorders are complex and some eating issues will not meet diagnostic criteria. All must be taken seriously. Anorexia Nervosa (AN) Characterized primarily by self-starvation and excessive weight loss Symptoms include: Inadequate food intake leading to a weight that is clearly too low Disturbance in the experience of body weight or shape Intense fear of weight gain, obsession with weight, and
persistent behavior to prevent weight gain Inability to appreciate the severity of the situation www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Bulimia Nervosa (BN) Characterized by binge eating and compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, in an attempt to undo the effects of binge eating. Symptoms include: Frequent episodes of consuming very large amounts of food followed by behaviors to prevent weight gain, such as vomiting, laxative abuse, and excessive exercise
Feeling of being out of control during the binge-eating episodes Extreme concern with body weight and shape Most people are of a normal weight www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Binge Eating Disorder (BED) Characterized by recurrent binge eating without the regular use of compensatory measures to counter the binge eating. Symptoms include: Indications that the binge eating is out of control, such as eating when not hungry, eating to the point of discomfort, or eating alone because of shame about the behavior
Feelings of strong shame or guilt regarding the binge eating www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Avoidant-Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) Characterized by lack of interest in food, fears of negative consequences of eating, and selective or picky eating. Symptoms include: Reduced food intake and frequent complaints of bodily discomfort with no apparent cause Lack of appetite or interest in food, with a range of preferred foods narrowing over time
www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder (OSFED) A feeding or eating disorder that causes significant distress or impairment, but does not meet the criteria for another feeding or eating disorder. Atypical Anorexia Nervosa: criteria for AN met but weight is not below normal Subthreshold Bulimia Nervosa: criteria for BN met but with less frequent occurrences Subthreshold Binge Eating Disorder: criteria for BED met but occurs at a lower frequency Purging Disorder: purging without binge eating Night Eating Syndrome: excessive nighttime food consumption
www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Co-Occurring Disorders High prevalence rates Can intensify eating disorders symptoms and impact treatment (recovery, level of care, drop-out) Most common comorbidities: Mood disorders Anxiety disorders Substance abuse Treatment should address co-existing conditions and eating
Serious, Potentially Fatal Illnesses A review of nearly fifty years of research confirms that AN has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder. Risk of death from suicide or medical complications is markedly increased for individuals with eating disorders. A study on BN and EDNOS found elevated mortality risks similar to those for AN. www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Help is Available!
SEEKING TREATMENT Serious, Life-Threatening, & Treatable Eating disorders are not fads or phases, and they have the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder. Serious effects on health, productivity, and relationships Early intervention increases likelihood of a full recovery. www.nationaleatingdisorders.org
Eating Disorders Treatment Ongoing Support Intervention Professional Treatment www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Recovery
Individualized Care TREATMENT PROCESS Initial assessment/diagnosis Interview providers Communicate with all involved Develop a maintenance plan www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Levels of Care Inpatient
Residential Partial hospitalization Intensive outpatient Outpatient www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Where to Find Help SUPPORT & RESOURCES Contact the NEDA Helpline by phone or click-chat Mon-Thurs 9-9, Fri 9-5 EST
24/7 crisis support: text NEDA to 741741 www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Eating Disorder Screening Tool 96% of participants identified as at-risk 100,000 screenings taken since February 2017 Quick access to help www.nationaleatingdisorders.org
NEDA Toolkits www.nationaleatingdisorders.org How to Help DO: DONT: Learn as much as you can about eating disorders
Place shame, blame, or guilt Be honest and vocal about your concerns Make rules or promises that you cannot or will not uphold
Give simple solutions Be caring and firm Suggest they seek help from a physician an/or therapist Invalidate their experience or try to convince
Be a good role model, practice what you preach Give advice about weight, exercise, or appearance Ignore or avoid the situation until it is severe or life-threatening
www.nationaleatingdisorders.org How to Help a Loved One https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fX1CFDtdgbY www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Talking about Eating Disorders KEEP IN MIND: Dont provide tips or play the numbers game. Emphasize the seriousness of eating
disorders without portraying them as hopeless. www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Watch out for the appearance ideal. Don't focus on images or descriptions of the body at its unhealthiest point. The Body Project Train-the-trainer model
300+ trained in 27 states Repeatedly shown to effectively reduce body dissatisfaction, negative mood, unhealthy dieting, and disordered eating www.nationaleatingdisorders.org The Body Project Now that I have done the Body Project, I have noticed that I see my body more
positively now and I stay away from negative comments. I am also doing this with my family members and staff around me. www.nationaleatingdisorders.org Get Involved With NEDA! To learn more, contact: Business: (212) 575-6200 NEDA Helpline: (800) 931-2237 www.myneda.org/helplinechat
SS.7.C.2.9: Evaluate candidates for political office by analyzing their qualifications, experience, issue-based platforms, debates, and political ads. Students will identify the constitutional requirements to run for federal political office. Students will recognize the requirements to run for state and local...
KoEkemoer v LangebergSteneBpk. Facts . Langeberg sold bricks to Koekemoer before he was in partnership - goods were paid for everytime. Then Koekemoer entered into partnership with the second defendant (son) Later another partner was added and onother - the...
We utilize the "Identifier" field, from the collection level Dublin Core metadata, to append the unique URL of your collection to the OAI-PMH metadata record. Providing a URL . back. to the original record (in our case, the Archive-It web...
Two-voice poetry is written for two people to perform. Two-voice poetry is usually written in two columns. Sounds like a dialogue. ... "One day I will find the right words, and they will be simple"—Jack Kerouac, The Dharma Bums. Quote...
This app was designed to support people with their career choices by presenting a range of information (such as job description and tasks, qualification requirements, salary data, employment forecasts, regional data and a selection of courses).
The Florida Center for Reading Research Reading Assessment (FRA) is a set of computer-administered (prekindergarten) or computer-adaptive (K-2 and 3-12) literacy assessment systems that consist of screening, comprehension, and diagnostic reading and language tasks. The preK system has 3 forms.
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!