Text-dependent Questions Answered through close reading Evidence comes

Text-dependent Questions  Answered through close reading  Evidence comes

Text-dependent Questions Answered through close reading Evidence comes from text, not information from outside sources Understanding beyond basic facts Not recall! Which of the following questions require students to read the text closely?

1. If you were present at the signing of the Declaration of Independence, what would you do? 2. What are the reasons listed in the preamble for supporting their argument to separate from Great Britain? 1. If you were present at the signing of the Declaration of Independence, what would you do? 2. What are the reasons listed

in the preamble for supporting their argument to separate from Great Britain? Progression of Text-dependent Questions Whole Across texts Opinions, Arguments, Intertextual Connections

Inferences Entire text Authors Purpose Segments Vocab & Text Structure Paragraph

Key Details Sentence Word General Understandings Part Progression of Text-dependent Questions

Whole Across texts Opinions, Arguments, Intertextual Connections Standards 8&9 Inferences 3&7

Authors Purpose 6 Entire text Segments Vocab & Text Structure Paragraph

Key Details Sentence Word General Understandings Part 4&5 2 1

General Understandings Overall view Sequence of information Story arc Main claim and evidence Gist of passage General Understandings in Kindergarten Retell the story in order using the words

beginning, middle, and end. Key Details Search for nuances in meaning Determine importance of ideas Find supporting details that support main ideas Answers who, what, when, where, why, how much, or how many.

Key Details in Kindergarten How long did it take to go from a hatched egg to a butterfly? What is one food that gave him a stomachache? What is one food that did not him a stomachache? It took more than 3 weeks. He ate for one week, and then he stayed inside [his cocoon] for more than two

weeks. Foods that did not give him a stomachache Apples

Pears Plums Strawberries Oranges Green leaf Foods that gave him a stomachache

Chocolate cake Ice cream Pickle Swiss cheese Salami

Lollipop Cherry pie Sausage Cupcake watermelon Vocabulary and Text Structure Bridges literal and inferential meanings Denotation Connotation Shades of meaning

Figurative language How organization contributes to meaning Vocabulary in Kindergarten How does the author help us to understand what cocoon means? There is an illustration of the cocoon, and a sentence that reads, He built a small house, called a cocoon, around

himself. Authors Purpose Genre: Entertain? Explain? Inform? Persuade? Point of view: First-person, third-person limited, omniscient, unreliable narrator Critical Literacy: Whose story is not represented? Authors Purpose in Kindergarten Who tells the storythe narrator or the

caterpillar? A narrator tells the story, because he uses the words he and his. If it was the caterpillar, he would say I and my. Inferences Probe each argument in persuasive text, each idea in informational text, each key detail in literary text, and

observe how these build to a whole. Inferences in Kindergarten The title of the book is The Very Hungry Caterpillar. How do we know he is hungry? The caterpillar ate food every day but he was still hungry. On Saturday he ate so much food he got a stomachache! Then he was a big, fat caterpillar so he could build a cocoon and turn into a butterfly.

Opinions, Arguments, and Intertextual Connections Authors opinion and reasoning (K-5) Claims Evidence

Counterclaims Ethos, Pathos, Logos Rhetoric Links to other texts throughout the grades Opinions and Intertextual Connections in Kindergarten Narrative Informational

Is this a happy story or a sad one? How do you know? How are these two books similar? How are they different? Develop Text-dependent Questions for Your Books Do the questions require the reader to return to

the text? Do the questions require the reader to use evidence to support his or her ideas or claims? Do the questions move from text-explicit to text-implicit knowledge? Are there questions that require the reader to analyze, evaluate, and create?

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