Safer IT Systems for the NHS Dr. Maureen Baker CBE DM FRCGP Special Clinical Adviser NPSA Clinical Safety Officer CfH Overview
Patient safety in Connecting for Health NPSA commissioned study Safety Management Requirements IT solutions to patient safety problems Process re-design National Programme for IT (NPfIT) in NHS AIMS
To deliver a 21st Century health service that is better for patients, citizens, clinicians and people working in the NHS through the efficient use of ICT To improve the convenience, quality and SAFETY of patient-centred care by ensuring that those who give and receive care have the right information, at the right time Why do we need it?
Medical and clinical knowledge continually expanding Patients want more involvement in their care Traditional paper-based recording and storage systems can no longer provide effective support for NHS Many hospitals and most general practices now have some form of electronic patient record that cannot easily be shared Data and information not easily shared across
NHS Why is this important to NPSA? Huge potential to support clinicians in practising safely prescribing, transfer of information, clinical decision support Platform to enable NPSA solutions work right patient right care, transfer of care Opportunity to exert major influence for safety on 6B programme
Maximising safety in primary care systems NPSA funded study (55,000) from University of Nottingham Conducted during 2003 Emerging findings conveyed to NPSA while study on-going and influenced programme of work Objectives of study Identify the most important safety issues
regarding GP computer systems Assess GP computer systems in terms of these safety features Determine GPs knowledge, views and training needs in relation to computerised safety features Work with stakeholders to produce specifications for GP computer suppliers and for training practice staff Primary care contacts
1 million consultations with GPs in UK every working day (NHS Plan, 2000) 100,000 home visits by community nurses every day (NHS Plan, 2000) 617 million prescriptions dispensed by community pharmacists in year 2002-3 in England (source PPA) 50 million prescriptions dispensed in dispensing practices in year 2002-3 in England (source PPA)
Medication errors - English general practice Medication error rate between 1% and 10% of all prescriptions generated From lower estimate could be 6,500,000 medication errors Estimated 1% of medication errors in general practice are clinically significant Could be 65,000 cases of harm in England annually
Results from NPSA funded study (University of Nottingham) Allergy alert may not be generated Hazard alert generated every third prescription
Single keystroke to over-ride alert No audit trail Not all safety functionality activated (eg contraindications) Hazards generated by drop-down menus GPs unsure of safety functionality on systems Some think functionality is present when it isnt (eg contra-indications) Development of Safety Management Approach in NPfIT
DCMO requested NPSA to conduct highlevel risk assessment of NPfIT NPSA Risk Adviser conducted assessment early summer 2004 Report delivered to NPSA and NPfIT June 2004 Report findings NPfIT currently not Formally incorporating safety as a benefit to drive the programme
Formally risk assessing systems and processes Formally risk assessing solutions to ensure no new risks introduced Relying on those involved to instinctively address patient safety Conclusion NPfIT not addressing safety in an explicit, proactive, structured and robust manner and.
Other industries would! NPfIT Action Work in partnership with NPSA to address safety concerns Safety Management Approach evolved in workshops Autumn 2004 Based on IEC 61508 (international standard for safety critical software) Agreed with and supported by NPSA
Implemented January 2005 Aims of Safety Management Approach To deliver IT systems which improve clinical safety. To provide suppliers with an easy to use and robust safety management system. To provide Trusts with assurance and clear guidance on the actions they need to take to ensure systems are deployed in an effective and
safe manner. Safety Management Requirements Every CfH product, and every product that connects over the spine to have End-to-end hazard assessment Safety justification case Safety closure report When closure report signed off, then certificate of authority to deploy issued
Responsibilities The Director of Clinical Safety, Professor Muir Gray, Chairs the CfH Monthly Safety Committee. The National Patient Safety Authority (NPSA) have seconded Dr Maureen Baker as the Clinical Safety Officer. Muir and Maureen will ensure liaison with the CfH Programme Development Board and RIDs
IT solutions to patient safety problems Right patient right care Clinical Hand-offs Interface issues Management of investigations and
results Process design Poor processes can lead to patient safety incidents Automating poor processes still yields poor results for patient safety Clinicians need to feed into development of systems Change in working processes should be
determined by clinical requirements, not by the way in which IT systems have been designed Safety Principles Systems designed to deliver safer patient care Patient safety embedded at every level specification; design; testing and quality assurance; implementation and use in clinical setting Structured risk assessment incorporated into
development processes Aim for inherently safe systems ANY QUESTIONS? www.npsa.nhs.uk [email protected]
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