U3A Family History Group Programme for 18th June

U3A Family History Group Programme for 18th June

U3A Family History Group Programme for 18th June 2008 U3A 10yr Celebration Event Land Tax Assessments Group Discussions Future programme 18th June 2008 New Members & Last months meeting 10 Yr Celebration thanks to all those who contributed Family History data. Function was well attended and considerable interest was shown in the Family History stand. Presentation by Gloucester CRO OK but did it provide new information for anybody? Any Feedback? 18th June 2008 Group Discussions

Distribute data between members of the group; including Phone & e-mail data. Everybody OK with this? Allow communications between groups to arrange visits / provide help. Map with research locations on. Publish a list with Surname, County, Parish & Timescale as a means of recording who is research who, where & when. Those with e-mail, please update and return form 18th June 2008 Group Discussions Example Template Name Name Tel. No. e-mail Address

Henning Holliday Houghton Brian Roger Frances 01454 01454 01454 412902 [email protected] 411889 [email protected] 417048 [email protected] Huggins Nicola

01454 260688 [email protected] 18th June 2008 Group Dorset London & Norfolk/Suffolk Somerset / Devon Surname Tench Wooldridge Clarke Homer Robinson Orm(e) Cox

Norman Collard Thorn(e) Burnett Powell Davi(e)s Soar Bunny Towell Lane O'Connor Houghton Twelvetree Narramore Froude Stone Bethell Clare Yorkshire / Liverpool / Lancs

County Staffs/Worcs Staffs/Worcs Staffs/Worcs Staffs/Worcs Staffs/Worcs Staffs Worcs Somerset & S. Wales Somerset Somerset Somerset Glos London & Surrey London London Devon Surrey Ireland, Roscommon

Kent & Sussex Cambridge & Northants Devon Berks Devon Glos Dorset Parish Date Pre 1800 Pre 1850 Pre 1850 Pre 1850 Pre 1820 Pre 1820 Pre 1820 Pre 1900

Pre 1850 Pre 1850 Pre 1820 Pre 1830 Pre 1850 Pre 1850 Pre 1820 Pre 1820 Pre 1800 Pre 1820 Pre 1800 Pre 1850 Pre 1820 Pre 1820 Pre 1850 Pre 1850 Pre 1840 Land Tax Assessments My ancestors in Devon were tenant farmers, but the

Parish Records for the period 1739 1813 have been lost or destroyed. So I searched the Land Tax Assessments & Bishops Transcripts. What was the Land Tax? Introduced in 1692, in the reign of William III and Mary, and finally abolished in 1963. The first assessments of 1692-3 were "An Act for granting to their Majesties an aid of four shillings in the pound for one year for carrying on a vigorous war against France". (20% Tax Rate hasnt changed much!) Few lists survive from 1692 to 1780. 18th June 2008 Tythe Map of Washford Pyne 1839 18th June 2008 Apportionment of Washford Pyne Land

1839 18th June 2008 Land Tax Assessments The annual records from 1780 to1832 have survived in much greater numbers because the Clerks of the Peace in various counties used them to establish men's electoral rights. From 1780, payment of land tax on freehold property worth 2 or more a year qualified a man to vote. In the documents, titles such as Reverend, Dr., Sir, Esquire and Mr.(a gentleman) are used to define status. However, many owners were non-residents. Woodland in a parish could be "occupied" by landowners whose mansion houses were many parishes away. 18th June 2008 Land Tax Assessments Male heads of household are always listed, where they

exist, but other members of the household will not be mentioned. Labourers were usually not named individually e.g. the occupiers of a row of cottages may be listed as "William Soper and others", and tenants of small pieces of land may not be listed individually. In 1832 land tax assessments lost their electoral function when separate electoral registers were introduced. Those contain incomplete lists of owners and occupiers, as those redeeming the land tax with a lump sum no longer had to be included on the lists. 18th June 2008 Annual Land Tax Assessment Return - 1781 18th June 2008 Annual Land Tax Assessment Return Composite data Land in Washford Pyne

Gatehouse Owner Rev William Waldron William Bragg Occupier William Bragg (b1718) William Bragg Mary Bragg (b1751) William Bragg (b1790) Wonham Sir Stafford Northcott John Partridge Sir Stafford Northcott John Partridge Sir Stafford Northcott Thomas Bragg Thomas Bragg

Thomas Bragg John Bragg Broome Park Ms Agnes Lamb William Bragg Ms Agnes Lamb James Bragg Langdon Ms Agnes Lamb William Bragg William Comyns William Bragg Elieses Sir Stafford Northcott William Bragg Sir Stafford Northcott William Bragg Sir Stafford Northcott Thomas Bragg Brindifield

Francis Mayfor John Bragg Washford Close John Blagdon William Bragg Trustees of Pudington Milton William Bragg Trustees of Pudington Milton James Bragg 18th June 2008 Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year Year 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1781 1782 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798

1785 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1788 1789 1790 1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 Electral Registers Voting qualifications were restricted as follows: 1832 - Men owning property worth at least 2 per year 1867 - Men owning or renting property worth at least 5 per year 1884 - Men owning or lodging in property worth at least 10 per year 1918 - Men over 21, women over 30, soldiers and sailors over 19. 1928 - All men and women over 21 1969 - All men and women over 18 These lists are available for Washford Pyne from 1832 to 1900 18th June 2008

Bishops Transcripts From 1598 an annual return was made to the Bishop of a copy of all entries from the Parish Register for that year to about Easter or Lady Day. Therefore when Parish Records are lost / destroyed, they provide invaluable source of data. They were sometimes copied by a Church Warden and can include more details that the Registers. The earliest English Parish Registers date from 1538 and are quite rare. A start date in the 1650's can usually be expected (or even later). 18th June 2008 Bishops Transcripts Early B.T.s (~1732) could be written in Latin. Not common for Mothers name to be included or fathers occupation. Some early entries may even omit the fathers name! From 1754 Banns books survive in some parishes as marriages from that date took place either by Banns or

Licence. Each entry included the name of the bride and bridegroom and age if under 21, their residence, marital status, signatures of bride and groom and those of two witnesses. 18th June 2008 Bishops Transcripts The HARDWICK MARRIAGE ACT 1754 made clandestine marriages illegal. The Churches of the Church of England being the only place where marriages could take place. The minimum age for a marriage until 1929 was 14 for a male and 12 for a female with parents or guardians consent. From that date the age went up to 16 with the same proviso. 18th June 2008 Bishops Transcripts

(1797) 18th June 2008 Bishops Transcripts (Marriages 1792) 18th June 2008 Bishops Transcripts LORD CHESTERFIELD'S ACT 1751-52. Changed the calendar from Julian to Gregorian. Until this act the new Year had begun on the 25th March, Lady Day. When the Gregorian Calendar was first implemented it was to cause uproar throughout the Roman-Catholic world because it required the deduction of thirteen days in order to bring the calendar back into line with the seasons, and many uneducated people rioted in the streets thinking that these

days had somehow been deducted from their lifespans. Thus 1752 began on the 1st January 1751/2. The 2nd September 1752 was followed by the 14th September 1752 to adjust the calendar. This change should be carefully noted when reading Parish Registers and transcripts. 18th June 2008 Future Programme July Another session at Thornbury Library date to be agreed July - Talk by Jane Maw-Cornish about when she could come to the group to talk about 'What she found in the attic' Aug No Meeting Sept Subject to be discussed have you any ideas? 18th June 2008

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