Written by: Angelia Greiner Additional Material by: Kelley

Written by: Angelia Greiner Additional Material by: Kelley

Written by: Angelia Greiner Additional Material by: Kelley McConathy DEFINITIONS A A book book length length story story in in prose, prose, whose whose author author tries tries to

to create create aa sense sense that, that, while while we we read, read, we we experience experience actual actual life. life. By By X.

X. J. J. Kennedy Kennedy An An extended extended fictional fictional narrative, narrative, usually usually written written in in prose. prose. Anonymous

Anonymous An An imaginary imaginary work work in in prose prose of of aa considerable considerable length, length, which which presents presents as

as real real certain certain characters characters living living in in aa given given environment environment and and describes describes their their attitudes, attitudes, fate,

fate, and and adventures. adventures. By By Percy Percy Lubbock Lubbock The The novel novel is is like like aa symphony symphony In

In that that the the closing closing movement movement Echoes Echoes and and resounds resounds with with all all that that has has gone gone before

before By By John John Gardner Gardner The Novel is a Unique Form of Prose THERE ARE 4 QUALITIES TO THE NOVEL Quality 1 Length is generally 100 pages or more Quality 2 Emphasis is on the character

Quality 3 Allows for more than one theme, conflict, point of view or plot. Quality 4 Plot explores characters in conflict to understand our own humanity Novel Compared to the Short Story NOVEL SHORT STORY 50,000 words or more

5,000 words or less Many characters Few or one character Complex story Focuses on one event Deeper understanding of life or individuals Better understanding of an event or character

The Industrial Revolution Mid 18th Century England Growth of cities due to industry Ideas and goods are exchanged

New middle class is created from industry Birth of the Novel New market for the novel by 1700s! Increase in the number of people able to read Spending money

available for entertainment Creation Of The Middle Class More leisure time available The Middle Class Concerned with real problems and real situations! Early Beginnings1700s

The proper study of mankind is man. Alexander Pope Samuel Richardson Henry Fielding Pope Richardson The Founder of the Modern English Novel Daniel Defoe Wrote Robinson Crusoe (1719) Moll Flanders (1722) Born 1660 Died 1731

Established a middle class perspective Defoe Basic Elements of the Novel Plot Character Setting Point of View Theme Plot The plot is what happens in the story. climax

exposition resolution Conflict in the Early Novels Person versus society Person versus self

Person versus person Person v. Society Character trapped by circumstances of birth Character falsely accused by society Character feels apart from society and discovers own values Person v. Society The Dark Knight Modern day Gotham City Large criminal presence Corrupt government systems ... I wont kill you, but I dont

have to save you. . ... Person v. Society Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe Separated from the cosmopolitan world Rebels He hoped I would study law, but all I wanted was to go to sea. Person v. Society Remember the Titans Individuals triumph over cultural expectations of societ

If we don't come together right now on this hallowed ground, we too will be destroyed, just like they were. -Coach Boone Person v. Self Character finds inner strength despite poor odds Character must develop moral compass Character must discover self-worth Defoe Dickens

Hawthorne Person v. Self Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Own sense of morality Journeyed along Mississippi River Defines who he is as a man Returns homeoutgrown society But I reckon I got to light out for the Territory ahead of the rest, because Aunt Sally she's going to adopt me and sivilize me, and I can't stand it. I been there before. Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>>

Person v. Self The Lion King Runs from his past Wont find resolution until he faces it Has to deal with truth and personal responsibility Person v. Self Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien Good vs. evil Frodo I will take the Ring, he said, though I do not know the way. Frodo

Elrond raised his eyes and looked at him... This is the hour of the Shire-folk, when they arise from their quiet fields, to shake the towers and counsels of the Great. Who of all the Wise could have foreseen it? Person v. Person One character must battle another character to gain power, true love, freedom, justice or acceptance One group of characters must free themselves from another One character must confront another to survive

Person v. Person The Lion King Scar v. Simba Star Wars Luke v. Darth Vadar Single click speaker to hear audio clip >>>> Character Character: person in a literary work Main character: the protagonist Character in direct conflict with the protagonist: the antagonist From the Novel to the Movies!

Protagonist Antagonist Lord of the Rings Frodo Saruman the Wizard War of the Worlds Ray Ferrier The alien invaders

Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Harry Potter Lord Voldemort The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe Lucy, Peter, Edmund and Susan

The White Witch Point of View Authors choice of narrator for a story A story can be told in many different ways First Person Point of View Narrator is character in story

Captain Ahab and Huck Finn Call me Ishmael. from Moby Dick It's lovely to live on a raft. We had the sky up there, all speckled with stars, and we used to lay on our backs and look up at them, and discuss about whether they was made or only just happened. Huckleberry Finn, from The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Second Person Refers to the use of you in writings

Second Person Examples Directions: Use the following diagram in assembling the bookcase. Memo: You will receive the following checklist of supplies in the next week. Narration: He hasnt disappointed her yet. You have. She looks at you through a veneer of resignation. Her eyes glow, her lower lip barely trembling.

And well she might fear you. from The Bride Wore Red by Robbie Sethi Explanation: This PowerPoint presentation is to help you understand the elements of a novel. Third Person Point of View Narrator is not a character in the story Third person point of view written in variety of ways Third Person (Limited) Third Person (Multiple Viewpoints) Third Person (Omniscient)

From what viewpoint is the narrator speaking? She had not known the weight until she felt the freedom! from The Scarlet Letter "Bah!" said Scrooge. "Humbug!" from A Christmas Carol "Man," I cried, "how ignorant art thou in thy pride of wisdom!" Victor Frankenstein, from Frankenstein The agony of my feelings allowed me no

respite; no incident occurred from which my rage and misery could not extract its food ... The monster, from Frankenstein Setting Where and when a story takes place Time of day or year Geographical location Climate or weather Immediate surroundings of character

Purpose of Setting Become the antagonist Create atmosphere Tell about a character

Reinforce an overall idea Setting Examples Puritan New England in The Scarlet Letter The Mississippi River in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The Atlantic Ocean in Moby Dick A deserted island in Lord of the Flies 1920s Jazz Age in The Great Gatsby

Theme Central idea that serves to unify the story Every element of the novel contributes Theme Topics Teamwork Discrimination Pride Trust Resourcefulness

Challenges Ethical dilemmas Nature Leadership Euthanasia Commitment Diversity

Freedom Guilt Love Convictions Heroes Community Social change Loss

Patriotism Communication Evil Family Friendship Loyalty Power

Acceptance Hope Friendship Customs Loneliness Values Money Death

War Choices Prejudice Denial Poverty In Conclusion Novels serve many purposes: Help us understand our own heritage

Illuminate the human experience Can be a catalyst for social and political change Document an event for better understanding

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