KEYNOTE ADDRESS ON THE OCCASION OF THE 2016 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY WORKSHOP BY PROF. P.O. OSADEBE, FAS DEAN, SCHOOL OF POSTGRADUATE STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA 1 Protocols The
Vice-Chancellor, Prof B.C. Ozumba Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Prof J.C. Ogbonna Other Principal Officers here present Members of the University Governing Council Deans of Faculty Heads of various Departments Welcome It is with profound pleasure that I welcome
everybody to the 2016 Research Methodology Workshop I think it may be the first of its kind in the School It will be a series that will come up every year Appreciation & Acknowledgement I want to thank the University
Administration for its palpable support that has made today a success. I would like to extend my thanksgiving to the Workshop Subcommittee of the Board of the School of Post-graduate studies, Topic of the keynote Address BUILDING YOUR CAPACITY TOWARDS GLOBAL COMPETENCY Focus subtitles: Capacity
Global Building Competency framework Quality Assurance in Higher Education Introduction In recent years, there have been incessant
criticisms of our higher educational institutions that they are turning out graduates that are unemployable; unemployment in the sense that they do not possess adequate training, knowledge, skills, etc, matching new global standards. The new global trends were recently necessitated by breakthroughs in science, technology and innovations which include Information Communication Technology (ICT).
Introduction The National Universities Commission (NUC) is the national agency charged with the responsibility among others, of overseeing and regulating Nigerian Universities with the noble purpose of assuring the quality of university products that are turned out yearly. The quality of the graduates is a reflection of the knowledge, competencies and skills acquired in the process of their training in their various fields of specialisation.
NUC therefore, constantly carry out quality assurance exercises in form of regular accreditation visits. Criteria set out to assure adequacy of individual, infrastructural and institutional capacities are assessed and/ or reassessed periodically. Quality Assurance in Higher Education
Quality has been described as a generic concept which is difficult to define in one simple generally acceptable way. However, it has been defined as the characteristics of a product or service that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs (American Society for Quality, 2008, Nwizu, 2016). It is the state of a product or services being free of deficiencies. It has also been viewed as having implications of excellence, consistency, fitness for purpose, value for money and transformation (Harvey & Green, 1993). Quality Assurance
This is defined as the process of defining and fulfilling a set of quality standards consistently and continuously, with a goal of satisfying all customers, producers and the other stakeholders (Tian & Amin, 2007). It is also defined as the systematic monitoring and evaluation of the various aspects of systems, projects or programmes in order to maximise the probability of standard being achieved for specified performance (CommonWealth of learning, 2012) . Quality Assurance has also been opined to mean the creation and operation of standards, procedures and management systems which guarantee the quality of
a product (e.g drug) (Olaniyi,2005). Quality Assurance in Education It is a system for monitoring the entire education process from the point of acquisition of the educational raw material (newly admitted students) to its conversion into a finished product (graduate)
Quality Assurance in Education Also viewed as a useful method of improvement, modernization and internationalization of higher education through procedures designed to assure and improve the quality of provision as it ensures the quality of academic (teachinglearning process & curriculum) and structural (building & physical facilities) provisions of courses and allow for an objective review of their quality ( Mackoww and Witkoski; 2005). Quality Assurance
Quality Assurance can be: Internal Quality Assurance External Quality Assurance Internal Quality Assurance Is a self-regulatory and intra-institutional mechanism set up by various institutions themselves for the purpose of ensuring that their programmes are of desired quality.
Such mechanisms are course unit system with its structured lecture hours, committee examination system, research seminars, external moderation of questions and external examination, student supervision and university senate moderations of programmes and results, among others. External Quality Assurance External quality assurance represents all regulatory standards and frameworks set up by national and professional regulatory authorities. Such external assurances are usually periodic. In Nigeria, NUC serves this purpose, plus
the efforts of professional bodies like Pharmaceutical Council of Nigeira(PCN), Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria Legal Council of Nigerial etc. The post-graduate courses (PGC 601Research methodology and application of Their introduction is the outcome of continuous efforts to ensure that knowledge and skills acquired by our post-graduate students are constantly improved to measure up with the constantly changing worlds multidisciplinary perception of modern education, knowledge and by consequence, competency.
These courses and seminars are designed to improve your versatility, impart new skills and broaden your knowledge base beyond your immediate discipline, thereby produce a multidisciplinary personality that will smoothly fit into our ever- changing interconnected world and that can easily and efficiently deliver his professional services with desired outcomes. Global Competency Framework New global competency frameworks have been developed and are currently been applied for building the capacity of
individual and community of individuals. In the dynamic and changing world we find ourselves, no individual, system or institution can stand up at anytime and declare that it has arrived Against this backdrop, it becomes
imperative that capacity of individuals, infrastructure and institution will continue to be improved on to meet with emerging standards and cutting-edge concepts of competency as it relates to education, training, knowledge and skills. The impact of adequate capacity on quality of service delivery and corresponding outcomes cannot be underscored. Global Competency Before you can render effective service in this changing world of the 21th century,
you must competent. What does this mean? be globally Global Competency This
is defined readiness(preparedness) as to an individuals participate in
a complex interconnected world. It is a measure of the individuals willingness to explore how the world works. Global competence is measured in terms of knowledge, behaviours. Skills,
values/attitudes, and Global Competency-skills Research skills Communication Coping Critical and resiliency skills and comparative-thinking skills
Creative skills skills thinking and problem-solving Global CompetenceValues and Attitudes Openness to new opportunities,
ideas and ways of thinking Self-awareness about identity and culture, and sensitivity and respect for differences Empathy and valuing of multiple perspectives Global Competence-behaviours Should
be such as seek out multiple opinions and perspectives Form opinion based exploration and evidence Taking on informed actions on
issues that matter to him or WHO Global Competency Model -Core Competencies Communicating in a credible and effective way Knowing and managing oneself Producing results. Moving forward in a changing world. Fostering integration and teamwork. Respecting and promoting individual and cultural differences. Setting example (Role model) CAPACITY
BUILDING Definition - Capacity This is defined by Merriam-Webster Dictionary as an individuals mental or physical ability in which instance it is synonymous with skill or aptitude It is also defined as the facility to produce, perform or deploy
It can also represent maximum output Capacity Building Capacity Building has also been defined as the process of assisting people to develop the technical and decision-making skills to address their own needs for improving the living standards and prosperity of their own people and building an
The building of human, institutional and infrastructural capacity to help societies to develop secure, stable and sustainable economies, government and other institutions through mentoring, training, education, physical projects, infusion of financial and other resources and most importantly the motivation and inspiration of people to improve their lives (General Henry Hatch, 2004). Capacity Building This has four approaches:
Individual (Human) Capacity building Institutional Capacity Building Infrastructural Capacity Building Professional Capacity building Individual Capacity Building This involves improving the competency of the professional individual through building the capacity criteria, namely Knowledge Education Training Skills
... This is the building of the capacity of an individual to develop personal mastery, contributes their gifts and find balance in their lives (life skills-e.g. taking care of whole selves). The purpose of individual training is to enhance the functional knowledge, improve the job-related skills and change the attitude of municipal functionaries in an establishment.
Infrastructure Capacity Building This involves- Repairing and acquiring of new equipment Building of new housing facility to accommodate new wards, units, operations and procedures Guaranteeing of water, power and sanitation facilities appropriate for a 21st century institution. Professional Capacity Building
This involves building ones proficiency and propriety (suitability) in the areas of: Knowledge(update knowledge of developments in ones area of discipline Skills Values and attitudes Appropriate behaviours (including
moralities and ethics of your profession) Institutional Capacity Building This involves extending and expanding the scope of services normally delivered by an institution Introducing new services
Ensuring that competitive salaries are paid to minimize attrition more especially of staff already trained and experienced Increasing the number of professionals in different professional units to cope with the expanded scope of services Infusing additional funds calculated to match the proposed expansion
World Trends in Higher Education 1) Growing privatisation of tertiary education In Nigeria, more and more private universities and higher institutions are approved. Some have already found their way up in the webometric rating of universities in Nigeria. Government subventions to universities are becoming more and less adequate to pay even salaries. Most institutions are depending more and more on IGR to fund capital projects and day- to- day running of their affairs. This development have being identified as a global trend. In USA, Michigan State University(MSU) used to receive 80-85% of its budget from Government. This has now drastically been reduced. (Collaboration Team to Faculty of Agric from MSU)
2) There is also the global paradoxical problem of rising demand for the higher education and less available job for employment of the products. This brings the need for entrepreneurship (selfemployment) to be emphasized at the training level. Hands-on practical education and skills should be stressed in the curricula. There is currently the trend in Europe and America. Higher education all over the world is experiencing big changes in university 3)There
is also the trend of increasing use of ICT in teaching and research. The use of ICT in teaching serves a lot of teaching time and gives more time to the teacher for interactive sessions. It is amenable to easy multiplication and circulation. In silico research, Bio-informatics, Computer-aided drug design (CADD) are all outcomes of innovative
4)There is also a widening gap in the creation of new technologies between the universities in the west and those of developing countries. This calls for introspection with a view to set goals to retrain and re-position individual human (and hence institutional) capacities to achieve competency in innovative research and technology- based knowledge. These are inevitable for our
societal advancement, otherwise we will continue to be slaves and compulsory consumers. Our take These developments call for astuteness and focus among persons admitted into Universities and other institutions of higher learning so as to ensure that there are sufficient return on individual and the nations investments on human capacity development.
Since learning is an issue of garbage in , garbage out, adequacy of imparted knowledge Multidisciplinary knowledge and skills-oriented education have become globally trendy. This workshop, including the University Library-anchored training on Electronic library
resources, introduction to online databases, use of Turnitin software and introduction to reference management, which are designed to run on annul basis, is intended to introduce you to and equip you with some research skills and hands-on training that will transform you into a new-age globally competent individuals and community of alumni graduate Studies: Revised Vision and Mission Statements: In January, 2015, the ViceChancellor, Prof B.C. Ozumba set up a 16-man Committee (made
up of about 95% professors drawn from different faculties), named, Committee on the Repositioning of Post-Graduate Studies in UNN. The Committee was charged Investigate and recommend ways by which services and programmes at the UNN Postgraduate School can be
improved to meet up with international best practices To look into and make recommendation as to how to improve the capacity of the PG School with a view to meet the mandate of the first- generation University on 60:40 ratio of PG To
work out modalities to facilitate prompt registration and graduation of postgraduate students of all levels; To work out procedures to be adopted to implement the new National Universities Commission (NUC) guidelines
The Revised Vision and Mission Statements are as follow Vision Statement Through research and innovation, to become a globally reputed first-rate School of Postgraduate studies Mission Statement The School aims to attract, educate, train and transform qualified persons to high level manpower that are thoroughly equipped with adequate and update knowledge and specialized skills in research and innovation and deployable for
first-rate development and improvement in all fields of human endeavour. Since the submission of the report of the committee, the University Administration has been implementing the major points of the recommendations. Some of the changes that have taken place in the post-graduate regulation and matters, including this workshop are outcomes from there.
I encourage you to pay attention, listen carefully to all the resource persons, and learn. Active listening is the first step towards effective learning. May God bless you all. Quotation by Voltaire The BEST is the enemy of the GOOD -Voltaire If you dont know where you are going , any road
will lead you to your destination. Let us therefore be goaloriented, team-spirited, focused and receptive to innovations and changes. Bibliography University of Leeds Global Competency Framework
WHO Global Competency Model under human resources services Merriam Webster Dictionary: An encyclopedia of Britannica Company General Henry Hatch, at March 29 2004 workshop sponsored by the office of Science and Technology Advisor to the US Secretary of State.
Nwizu, S. C. Higher Education programmes in Nigeria. 114th Inaugural lecture of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Oct, 2016 Nwizu S.C (2011) International Journal of Educational Research 11(1) Speech of a collaboration team from Michigan State University with Faculty of Agriculture, September, 2016 Harvey L and Green, D(1993) Defining Quality Assessment and evaluation in higher Education Olaniyi
A.A. (2005). Drug Quality assurance and Pharmaceutical Analysis. American Society for (2008). Glossary on Retrieved/20/07/2008. Quality quality. THANK YOU ALL
53 Products of Gods goodness and competent Healthcare service 54
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