UK Parties Conservative represents the upper class Tories Margaret Thatcher Liberal for free trade, democratization Labour represents working class Started as alliance of trade unions & socialist groups Today we will Objectives Agenda Trace political and 1. Making of Modern
economic change in Britain from the end of WWII to present day. Collective Consensus Thatchers Neoliberal Revolution Blairs New Labour & the Third Way
2010 Coalition Governemtn Britain slide/notes 2. Pair/Share 3. Coalition 2010 articles 4. Closure United Kingdom I. MAKING OF THE MODERN BRITISH S T AT E II.
POLITICAL ECONOMY AND DEVELOPMENT Sources of Legitimacy Role of the monarchy Hereditary ruling family had right to rule (divine right) Head of the Anglican Church Tradition Widely agreed-on rules of conduct (vs. formal checks and balances) set the limits of governmental power
The British Constitution What gives a government the authority to rule? Common Law vs. Statutory Law Statutory Law (Acts of Parliament) Magna Carta 1215 Basis of a limited gov. that restricts the power of monarch English Bill of Rights 1689 Rights of Parliament (not individual citizens!) Common Law: Use of precedents to guide legal decisions Eventually form a comprehensive set of
Unitary Government Unitary No constitutional separation of power between the central and regional governments Devolution: decentralization of national/central power to local units of government, decentralization of power from the central to local units. Examples Scottish Parliament National Assembly for Wales
Northern Ireland Assembly Mayor of London PAIR/SHARE Compare the first page of your reading notes (chart) with your partner. Help each other fill in missing info. Brainstorm Major Policy Considerations section. Think about what we saw in the video what were some of the issues? What else do you know about the UK?
British Political Culture Liberal Democracy Regular elections Open Civil Society The civic culture ss Noble ge e Obli
Legitimacy Duty of upper classes to take responsibility for welfare of lower classes (Empire & Welfare State) Tolerance of diversity Nationalism pride in being English, Welsh, Scottish, Irish British Civility Heckling and PM Question Time (C2) Collectivism Beveridge Report -->Welfare State In a crisis, be revolutionary Fight the 5 Giant Evils of Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor & Idleness
Collective Consensus: Significant majority agreed that the state should take responsibility for economic governance & provide for the social welfare in the broadest terms Nationalization of industries: Electricity, Gas, Railways, Coal Steel, Aerospace, Shipbuilding Communication Welfare State A state with a set of public policies designed to provide for citizens needs through direct or indirect provision of pensions, healthcare, unemployment insurance, and assistance to the poor
Welfare states have governmental policies that provide citizens with a social safety net Other examples of social welfare policy National Health Service - free, universal health care Poverty relief Maternity/paternity benefits, family leave Subsidized housing
Education - extended or enhanced Free job training Disability insurance Subsidized university tuition (D3) Thatchers Neo-Liberalism Economic liberalization Policies of conviction Privatized national industries Rolled back the welfare state the squeeze Cut taxes & reduced some social services 1. 2. 3.
Overall not a huge decrease in spending but less regulation on business Was Thatchers Revolution a Success? Supporters say she saved the British economy by bringing both inflation & unemployment under control and by creating a more dynamic private sector. Detractors say she created new problems & exacerbated existing ones by widening the gap between rich and poor and by allowing public services to deteriorate. Check for understanding
Describe neo - liberalism. What makes it liberal? What makes it neo or new? Tony Blairs New Labour 1997 Tony Blair promised to create a new Labour party & a third way Old Labour Party Conservative Party Centrist Alternative
Blair continued privatization but w/greater emphasis on regulation & fairness Was Blairs New Labour a Success? Blairs supporters say he created the Third Way combining the best aspects of the socialist goals commitment to equality with a market economy. Blairs detractors say he sold out the left & created Thatcher lite.
Government spending as a percentage of GNP shrank Welfare that gives recipients skills to find jobs rather than just benefits Tuition increase London drivers pay tolls to reduce traffic congestion Continuity in foreign policy Check for understanding Explain how Blairs ideas were a third way. 2010 - Coalition Government Third way was in trouble A hung parliament resulted in a Coalition Government
Labour was defeated but Conservatives could not get a majority Conservatives Free markets Low taxes Privatization PM : David Ca meron Liberal Democrats Liberals & Social Democrats
merged Small gov/ DPM: Nick decentralization Clegg In December 2011, in a speech to the Demos think tank and the Open Society Foundation Clegg put forward his definition of the three main political traditions in Britain, saying: "Socialists support the idea of the good society, typically judged in terms of equality of income. In order to bring about this end they use the state quite aggressively in terms of labour market regulation, centralised public services and through tax and benefits. Conservatives support the idea of a big society, with responsibility shared
throughout societypeople are responsible both for themselves and each other. The emphasis is naturally on non-state institutions such as marriage, the family, churches and voluntary organisations. The liberal ideal is of the open society, where power is vested in people, not in the state or other institutions. This means that individuals need the capabilities and opportunities to chart their own course through life, and to hold institutions to account. So while the good society needs a strong state, and the big society needs strong social institutions, the open society needs strong citizens." PAIR/SHARE Partner 1: Skim Coalition Plans article. Partner 2:
Skim Divided they fall article. Together - make a prediction about the future of the coalition. Will it succeed or fail? What policy issues do you think threaten the coalition the most? National Heath Service (NHS) Provides comprehensive and universal medical care
Nationalized (state directed) health care system Disagreements btwn. Conservatives & Liberal Dems about how to reform NHS Meanwhile the age structure in Britain is getting older. How does an aging population further impact the NHS? An aging population leads to Increased demand Increased costs Need more providers Less tax revenue coming in to pay for health care
Increased tax burden on working age population Closure Identify the two parties that formed the coalition government in Great Britain following the 2010 parliamentary elections. Explain one reason why they formed a coalition. Describe a domestic policy issue that has threatened the coalition. HW: II A-D & III A-B (new questions) Quiz on I & II next block
Other women are at the water's edge, filling their buckets. These women are performing a daily ritual requiring incredible endurance and strength. Once they carry their buckets to their dwellings, they will likely turn to preparing the evening meal." Figure...
Encourage mentoring and passing on of knowledge, skills and expertise. Stereotype based on age and use words that portray a preference for youth such as energy, initiative, commitment, drive, enthusiasm, excitement, flexibility, imitation, intently, or the ability to learn new...
What property is the Periodic Table arranged according to in modern times? ... Symbol. Atomic number. ... Lanthanide Series - 57-70. Belong to row 6. Actinide Series - 89-102. Belong to row 7. Outline all of the Metals in Black.
Lab 3 Tutorial Interrupts Objectives Interrupt Interrupt controller Timer Display controller Interrupts 1) Understand Interrupts and their use in a microprocessor-based system "An interrupt results in the transfer of control to a new program location." What is the sequence of...
Arrays. An array collects a sequence of values of the same type. Create an array that can hold ten values of typedouble: newdouble The number of elements is the lengthof the array The newoperator constructs the array
Political System. The political economy of a nation refers to how the political, economic, and legal systems of a country are interdependent. they interact and influence each other. they affect the level of economic well-being in the nation. Political system...
KPI's are the measurement tools of the philosophy that if you don't measure something you have no way to know if you are improving. A focus on the underlying metrics (KPI's) of AR management is the core of a successful...
Ready to download the document? Go ahead and hit continue!