West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC For updated

West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC For updated

West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org 1 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Contents West Bengal An Introduction Infrastructure Status Business Opportunities Doing Business in West Bengal State Acts & Policies For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org 2 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC West Bengal Factfile Siliguri, Asansol, Durgapur, Raniganj, Kharagpur, Haldia, Darjeeling, Malda, Midnapore, Cooch Behar and Howrah are some of the key cities in the state. West Bengal's climate varies from tropical savannah in the Southern portions to humid sub-tropical in the North. Parameters

West Bengal Capital Kolkata Geographical area (sq km) 88,752 Administrative districts (No) Population density (persons per sq km)* Source: Maps of India West Bengal is situated in Eastern India. The state shares the borders with Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, Sikkim and Assam. The state shares international borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. The Bay of Bengal is in the South of the state. Bengali is the official language of the state, though English and Hindi are also widely used. Nepali is spoken primarily in the Darjeeling For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org district. Total population (million)* Male population (million)* Female population (million)* Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males)* 19 1,029 91.3 46.9 44.4 947 Sources: West Bengal Industrial Development 77.1 Corporation Website, www.wbidc.com, *Provisional Data Census 2011 Literacy rate (%)* WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 3 West Bengal

AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC West Bengal in Figures (1/2) West Bengal All-States Source 6.9 100 CMIE, 2010-11, current prices 14.6 15.9 CMIE, 2004-05 to 2010-11, current prices 1,166.3 1,324.3 CMIE, 2010-11, current prices 8,567.2 199,627.0 Central Electricity Authority, as of March 2012 69,927,262 ^ 903,727,208 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, as of January 2012 579,975# 13,350,938 Ministry of Communications & Information Technology, as of December 2011 National Highway length (km) 2,578 71,772

Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Annual Report 2011-12 Major and minor ports (No) 1+1 12 + 187 3 133 Parameter Economy GSDP as a percentage of all states GSDP Average GSDP growth rate (%)* Per capita GSDP (US$) Physical Infrastructure Installed power capacity (MW) Wireless subscribers (No) Broadband subscribers (No) Airports (No) For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org *Calculated in Indian Rupee Terms Indian Ports Association ^Including Sikkim and Andaman & Nicobar #Including Sikkim Airport Authority of India WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 4 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC West Bengal in Figures (2/2) West Bengal All-States Source

Literacy rate (%) 77.1 74.0 Provisional Data Census 2011 Birth rate (per 1,000 population) 16.8 22.1 SRS Bulletin (www.censusindia.gov.in), 2011 1.8* 160.0 Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, April 2000 to January 2012 514.0 11,318.3 CMIE (2011-12) PPP projects (No) 36 881 www.pppindiadatabase.com SEZs (No) 11 386 Parameter Social Indicators Investments FDI equity inflows (US$ billion) Outstanding investments (US$ billion) Industrial Infrastructure Notified as of July 2012, www.sezindia.nic.in * FDI inflows for Reserve Bank of Indias (RBIs) Kolkata region, which includes West Bengal, Sikkim and Andaman & Nicobar Islands PPP: Public Private Partnership, SEZ: Special Economic Zone, SRS: Sample Registration System For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org

WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 5 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Advantage West Bengal (1/2) Geographical Advantage Because of its location, West Bengal offers definite advantage as the traditional domestic market in Eastern India, the Northeast and the land-locked countries of Nepal and Bhutan, which are easily accessible. The state is also an entry point to markets in Southeast Asia, via the Northeastern states. Competitive Cost of Operation Kolkata, which is a metropolitan city, has a comparatively lower cost of operating a business as compared to the other metropolitan cities of India. Endowed with Natural Resources West Bengal has abundant natural resources of minerals and suitable agro-climatic conditions for agriculture, horticulture and fisheries. West Bengal also has a prosperous hinterland of some mineral rich states like Jharkhand, Bihar and Odisha. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 6 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Advantage West Bengal (2/2) Educational Infrastructure The state is home to a number of renowned educational institutions and higher learning centres. There are 22 universities in the state along with sizeable research institutes. Excellent Connectivity West Bengal offers excellent connectivity to the rest of India in terms of railways, roadways, ports and airports. Major stretches of the golden quadrilateral project also pass through the Northern districts of the state. Large English Speaking Population Knowledge of English is an advantage of the workforce of West Bengal, especially in Kolkata, which is one of the four metropolitan cities of India. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org

WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 7 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Economic Snapshot GSDP At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of West Bengal was about US$ 114.7 billion in 2011-12. West Bengals GSDP 2011-12 114.7 2010-11 The average annual GSDP growth rate from 2004-05 to 2011-12, was about 13.8 per cent. 104.0 2009-10 85.5 2008-09 74.4 2007-08 74.4 2006-07 CAGR 13.8% 57.7 2005-06 52.0 2004-05 46.4 0

20 40 60 80 100 120 140 US$ billion Source: CMIE For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 8 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Economic Snapshot NSDP At current prices, the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) of West Bengal was about US$ 104.8 billion in 2011-12. West Bengals NSDP 2011-12 104.8 2010-11 The average annual NSDP growth rate from 2004-05 to 2011-12, was about 13.8 per cent. 94.9 2009-10 77.9 2008-09 67.6

2007-08 67.9 2006-07 CAGR 13.8% 52.7 2005-06 47.3 2004-05 42.2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 US$ billion Source: CMIE For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 9 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Economic Snapshot Per Capita GSDP Per Capita GSDP 1,400 The per capita GSDP increased at a CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) of 12.6 per cent between 2004-05 and 2011-12.

1,200 1,000 US$ The states per capita GSDP in 2011-12 was US$ 1,274.6 as compared to US$ 553.2 in 2004-05. 1274.6 1166.3 CAGR 12.6% 800 600 553.2 968.3 858.8 612.8 851.1 673.8 400 200 0 Source: CMIE For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 10 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Economic Snapshot Per Capita NSDP Per Capita NSDP 1,400 The per capita NSDP increased at an average rate of 12.7 per cent between 2004-05 and 2011-12. 1,200

1,000 US$ The states per capita NSDP in 2011-12 was US$ 1,165.2 as compared to US$ 503.8 in 2004-05. 1,165.2 CAGR 12.7% 1,065.0 882.4 784.4 800 600 503.8 558.2 772.9 614.4 400 200 0 Source: CMIE For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 11 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Economic Snapshot Percentage Distribution of GSDP In 2010-11, the tertiary sector contributed 58.9 per cent to the states GSDP at current prices, followed by primary sector (23.4 per cent) and secondary sector (17.7 per cent). Percentage Distribution of GSDP CAGR

100 90 80 At a CAGR of 16.1 per cent, the tertiary sector has been the fastest growing among the three sectors from 2004-05 to 2010-11. The growth has been driven by trade, hotels, real estate, finance, insurance, transport, communications and other services. 70 The primary sector grew at a CAGR of 13.1 per cent between 2004-05 and 2010-11. 58.9 20.3 17.7 12.1 % 25.3 23.4 13.1 % 2004-05 2010-11 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Primary Sector The secondary sector grew at a CAGR of 12.1 per cent between 2004-05 and 2010-11. It was driven by manufacturing, construction and electricity, gas & water supply. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org 16.1 %

54.4 Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector Source: CMIE WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 12 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Economic Snapshot Agricultural Production Agriculture is the chief occupation of the people of West Bengal. It contributed around 18.6 per cent to the states GSDP in 2010-11. Rice, potato, jute, sugarcane and wheat are the top five crops of the state. Rice is the principal food crop of West Bengal. The state is one of the largest producer of rice in India. In 2010-11 the total rice production was 13.3 million tonnes. Other major food crops in the state include rapeseed & mustard, maize, onion, pulses, coconut and tea. The state stands first in the country in jute production. In 2010-11, the state produced nearly 77 per cent of the countys total jute production. Tea is another important cash crop. Tea gardens in the state are located in Darjeeling and For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Jalpaiguri, the two Northern districts of West Annual Production 2010-11 (000 metric tonnes) Crop

Potato 13,421.0 Rice 13,389.6 Jute 8,137.5* Sugarcane 1,134.1 Wheat 874.4 Rapeseed & mustard 419.6 Maize 352.3 Onion 298.0 Coconut 245.0 Tea Total Pulses 225.6^ 176.6 Sources: Economic Review of West Bengal 2011-12, Indian Horticulture Database-2011, National Horticulture Board, * 000 Bales (180 kg each) ^In 2011-12 WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 13 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Economic Snapshot FDI Inflows & Investments

According to the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, the cumulative FDI inflows from April 2000 to January 2012 amounted to US$ 1,864 million*. Break up of Outstanding Investments by Sector (2011-12) 0.6% 6.0% Manufacturing 8.5% In 2011-12, outstanding investments in the state were US$ 514 billion. Electricity 35.8% Services 16.4% Of the total outstanding investments, the manufacturing sector accounted for around 35.8 per cent followed by electricity sector (32.7 per cent). *FDI inflows for Reserve Bank of Indias (RBIs) Kolkata region, which includes West Bengal, Sikkim and Andaman & Nicobar Islands Mining Real Estate 32.7% Irrigation Source: CMIE For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 14 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Economic Snapshot Export Trends

West Bengal is one of the countrys leading exporters of finished leather goods. The states share in the Indian leather export basket is 16 per cent. Exports of Leather and Leather Products 2009-10 (US$ million) West Bengal is also the countrys leading exporter of flowers. Leather goods Leather gloves 128.6 293.9 Leather garments4.9 The state has the countrys largest brackishwater resources for shrimp farming and, has been a leading exporter of shrimps from India. West Bengal is also a leading tea exporter. In 2010-11, software exports (made by registered units through STPI) from the state was US$ 1.24 billion STPI: Software Technology Parks of India For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Footwear components3.2 Finished leather 29.6 Leather footwear0.6 0.0 100.0 200.0 300.0 Source: West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation Ltd, Annual Report 2009-10 WEST BENGAL AN INTRODUCTION 15 West Bengal

AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Contents West Bengal An Introduction Infrastructure Status Business Opportunities Doing Business in West Bengal State Acts & Policies For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org 16 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Physical Infrastructure Roads (1/2) West Bengal has a total road length of around 92,023 km, with a road density of around 1.04 km per sq km. There are 17 National Highways running through the state and covering 2,578 km. The Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) project undertaken by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) passes through major districts in North part of West Bengal. As of March 2012, four-laning of Dhankuni-Kolaghat (54.4 km) Kolaghat-Kharagpur (60.5 km) and KharagpurLaxmanath (65.8 km) sections had been completed. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Road Type Road Length (km) Total Road Length 92,023 National Highways

2,578 State Highways 2,393 Sources: West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation Website, www.wbidc.com, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Annual Report 2011-12 INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 17 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Physical Infrastructure Roads (2/2) A number of road development projects have been taken up under Public Private Partnerships (PPP). The Barasat-Krishnanagar section, Farakka Raiganj , Palsit-Dankuni road project and Panagarh-Palsit road project are some of the PPP projects taken up in the state. The construction of an underpass near Bidhan Nagar railway station on the southern side of new-cut canal is in progress. This project will provide direct connectivity of Kolkata Terminal to VIP Road. Source: Maps of India For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 18 West Bengal AUGUST 2012

CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Physical Infrastructure Railways West Bengal is well connected through the railway network. The railway route length in the state is around 4,511 km. Howrah, Asansol, Sealdah, Bandel, Bardhaman, Kharagpur and New Jalpaiguri are the main junctions in West Bengal. The Indian Railways has an electric locomotive production unit Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW) located on the West BengalJharkhand border, with a production capacity of 230 engines. Indian Railways has already started work to set up an electric locomotive assembly and ancillary unit at Dankuni, West Bengal. Source: Maps of India For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 19 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Physical Infrastructure Airports The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is located in Dum Dum, 18 km from Kolkata; the domestic airports are at Bagdogra (Siliguri) and at Behala 16 km from Kolkata.

In 2010-11, the total commercial traffic at Kolkata airport included about 9,631,672 passengers and 132,653 tonnes of cargos. The Government of India has sanctioned US$ 680,000 to set up a perishable cargo complex at the Bagdogra airport. The Kolkata airport is being modernised at a estimated cost of US$ 521 million. It will include a new terminal, modern taxiways and extension of a runway. The upgrade will raise the airports handling capacity to around 25 million passengers, annually, against the annual capacity of 9 million as of March 2011. Bengal Aerotropolis Projects Limited (BAPL) is developing Indias first set of airport cities Aerotropolis near the Durgapur-Asansol region at a cost of US$ 2.2 billion. Bagdogra Beha la Kolkata International airport Domestic airport West Bengal has two domestic and an international airport. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 20 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Physical Infrastructure Ports and Inland Waterways

West Bengal has two modern ports located at Kolkata and Haldia; Kolkata is a major port. In 2011-12, the combined volume of goods handled by both the ports was over 43.24 million tonnes. DP World is developing a greenfield container terminal on the east bank of river Hooghly in Kulpi. The port will have 900 mtr quay line and 34 hectares of paved yard. Government of India has declared the entire stretch of the Ganges between Haldia and Allahabad as National Waterway (NW-1). The 560 km Haldia-Farakka stretch of NW-1 has been developed as a part of the multi-modal system for cargo tariff from Nepal, Bhutan, North Bengal and the Northeastern states. The State Government has initiated plans to reclaim the 43 km north-canal system that stretches from the river Hoogly to river Raimangal on the Bangladesh border. Kolkat a Haldia For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 21 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Physical Infrastructure Power As of March 2012, West Bengal had a total power generation installed capacity of 8,567.29 MW, which comprised of 6,262.46 MW under

state utilities, 1,359.57 MW under the private sector and 945.26 MW under the central sector. Of the total installed power capacity, 7,289.54 MW was contributed by thermal power, 1,116.3 MW was contributed by hydro power and renewable power contributed 161.45 MW of capacity. West Bengal Renewable Energy Development Agency, formed in the year 1993, has implemented a large number of programmes related to solar energy, wind energy, mini & micro hydel, bio-energy etc. West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (WBSEDCL) has come into effect from April 1, 2007 after restructuring of erstwhile West Bengal State Electricity Board. WBSEDCL is a major power utility of the state with a consumer strength of over 10 million, 5 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org zones,17 regional offices, 53 distribution Installed Power Capacity (MW) 10,000 9,000 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 7,431.7 7,731.7 2007-08 2008-09 8,149.5 8,316.9 8,567.3

2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Source: Central Electricity Authority INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 22 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Physical Infrastructure Telecom Telecom Infrastructure (January 2012) According to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), there were 69.9 million^ wireless connections and 1.8 million^ wire-line subscribers in West Bengal as of January 2012. Kolkata offers about 580 Mbps of international satellite connectivity through Tata-owned Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) and Software Technology Parks of India (STPI). The state has five STPI earth stations at Kolkata, Durgapur, Kharagpur, Haldia, and Siliguri. The Department of Telecommunications has selected Digha in the East Midnapore district as the cable landing station for the submarinecable laying project connecting India and Southeast Asia. As of December 2011, the state had 1,380 telephone exchanges. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Wireless Subscribers^ 69,927,262

Wire-line Subscribers^ 1,875,385 Broadband Subscribers# 579,975* Telephone Exchanges 1,380* Tele-Density (in per cent)^ 78.58 Sources:, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, Department of Telecommunications, Annual Report 2011-12, Ministry of Communications and Information Technology *As of December 2011 ^Including Sikkim and Andaman & Nicobar #Including Sikkim Some of the Major Telecom Operators in West Bengal Dishnet Wireless Bharti Airtel Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) IDEA Cellular Reliance Communications Vodafone Essar Tata Teleservices INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 23 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Development Projects: Urban Infrastructure Under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), 71 projects costing US$ 1.53 billion have been sanctioned for West Bengal. The projects have been sanctioned between 2006-07 and 2011-12. Key areas of development are water supply, sewerage, solidwaste management, construction of flyovers, drainage/storm water drains and mass rapid

transport system. Under the JNNURM, the schemes for all urban areas of the state, except the Kolkata Metropolitan Area and Asansol Urban Area, have been included under the schemes of Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small & Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme (IHSDP). Under the UIDSSMT scheme, projects for 28 small and medium towns have been sanctioned at an estimated cost of US$ 88.8 million. Under the IHSDP scheme, projects for 56 towns have been sanctioned at the cost of US$ 112 million. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Externally aided programmes are as follows: Project Description Kolkata Urban Services for the Poor (KUSP) Programme for 40 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) within Kolkata Metropolitan Area, excluding Kolkata Municipal Corporation, at a cost of US$ 155 million. Kolkata Environment Improvement Project (KEIP) Project with the assistance from the Asian Development Bank and the Department for International Development (DFID), at a cost of US$ 401.3 million. Italian Assisted Solid Waste Management & Water Supply Projects Project for water supply and solid-waste management in selected towns of West Bengal, at a cost of US$ 34 million. INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS

24 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Development Projects: Key Public Private Partnership Projects Sector PPP Type Project Cost (US$ million) Farakka-Raiganj Roads BOT-Toll 287.5 Construction Realignment to Ghoshpukur-Salsalabari Roads BOT 250.3 Under Bidding Baharampore-Farakka Roads BOT-Toll 243.8 Construction Raiganj-Dalkhola Roads BOT-Toll 142.7 Construction

Vivekananda Bridge and Approach Roads BOT 140.0 Construction Office cum Institutional cum Commercial Complex at Salt Lake Urban Developme nt Lease 104.2 Construction Palsit-Dankuni Roads BOTAnnuity 93.9 In Operation Panagarh-Palsit Roads BOTAnnuity 76.1 In Operation Project Name Stadium based Commercial Complex at Rajdanga Multi purpose berth 4A at HDC Kolkata Port Trust For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Stage Urban Source: www.pppindiadatabase.com Developme BOO

42.9 Construction BOT: Build-Operate-Transfer, BOO: Build-Own-Operate nt Ports BOT 31.2 In Operation INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 25 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Development Projects: SEZs (1/2) Notified SEZs in West Bengal Uttarpara: IT/ITeS Park 24 Parganas: IT/ITeS Park(2) Rajarhat, Kolkata: IT/ITeS Parks (4) Burdwan: IT/ITeS Park (2), Non-conventional Energy Park (2) For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 26 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Development Projects: SEZs (2/2) Formally Approved SEZs* SEZs with In-Principal Approval*

No of SEZs Industry Locations IT/ITeS Kolkata, Rajarhat, 24 South Paraganas, Burdwan, Asansol, Utarpura, Barasat, North 24 Parganas 16 Leather Products Kolkata (West Bengal) 1 Free Trade Warehousing Zone Haldia 1 Nonconventional Energy Burdwan No of SEZs Industry Locations Auto Component Kharagpur, West Bengal 1 Textiles Dankuni Township, West Bengal 1 Metal

Haldia East Mednipur, West *As of July 1 2012 Source: sezindia.nic.in Bengal *As of July 2012 Source: sezindia.nic.in 2 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 27 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Social Infrastructure Education (1/2) West Bengal has a literacy rate of 77.1 per cent according to the provisional data of Census 2011; the male literacy rate is 82.7 per cent and the female literacy rate is 71.2 per cent. In 2010-11, the state had 70,757 Primary and Junior Schools and 9,225 High and Higher Secondary. Literacy Rates (%) Literacy Rate 77.1 Male Literacy 82.7 Female Literacy 71.2 Source: Census 2011 (provisional data) West Bengals Education Statistics (2010-11) In 2010-11, the state had pupil-teacher ratio of 30:1 in all schools. Number of

Schools Primary and Junior high: 70,757 High and Higher Secondary: 9,225 Pupil-Teacher Ratio All Schools: 30:1 Enrolment of Students in Schools Primary: 10,231,570 Upper Primary: 4,700,195 Government Teachers: Number of Sources: Economic Review of West Bengal 2011-12, 416,633 Teachers (All State Report Card, www.dise.in Schools) Private Teachers: 59,295 For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 28 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Social Infrastructure Education (2/2) West Bengal has 22 Universities, 57 Polytechnics, 49 Industrial Training Institutes and Industrial Training Centres and 14 Medical Colleges. The West Bengal Government Merit-Cum-Means Scholarship Scheme has been instituted for providing financial assistance to the poor and

meritorious students of the state for pursuing higher education. The scholarship amount varies from US$ 10 to US$ 33 per month. Educational Infrastructure Universities: 22 Polytechnics: 57 Industrial Training Institutes and Industrial Training Centres: 49 Medical Colleges: 14 Premier Institutions in West Bengal University of Calcutta Jadavpur University National Institute of Technology Rabindra Bharati University Vidyasagar University Burdwan University West Bengal University of Health Sciences Indian Statistical Institute Indian Institute of Technology Indian Institute of Management Bengal Engineering & Science University Indian Institute of Foreign Trade Indian Association for Cultivation of Science Indian Institute of Chemical Biology Sources: University Grants Commission, Government of India, Medical Council of India, Technical Education and Training Department For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 29 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC

Social Infrastructure Health (1/2) The health infrastructure of West Bengal comprised of 2,312^ Hospitals, 1,257 Health Centres and 10,356 Sub-Centres, as of 2010-11. Bardhaman health city, the first health project in West Bengal is being set up near the Durgapur Expressway, at a cost of US$ 219.4 million. The health city will have facilities such as general hospital, specialty centres, nursing homes, medical college, dental college, nursing college, staff accommodation, hotel, entertainment facilities and the other peripheral activities. Health Infrastructure - as of 2010-11 (P) Hospitals 2,312^ Total Beds 107,346^ Health Centres Sub-Centres Health Indicators (2010) Birth Rate* Death Rate* Infant Mortality Rate** 16.8 6 31 Source: Sample Registration System (SRS) Bulletin 2011 (www.censusindia.gov.in) *Per thousand persons **Per thousand live births 1,257 10,356 Source: Economic Review of West Bengal 2011-12 ^Including Private Institutions (P): Provisional For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS

30 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Social Infrastructure Health (2/2) The state has launched the Antoyadaya Anna Yojana (AAY) scheme to ensure that families get food grains; total number of beneficiaries under this scheme is 1.98 million families. The Mid-Day-Meal Programme is being run in various schools; as of December 2011, there were 86,288 schools are running the programme with 12.37 million beneficiary students. The Sishu Shiksha Prakalpa centres have been constituted to bring all children in the age between five and nine years in the municipal areas under primary education. These centres are funded by the State Government. As of August 2011, there were 1,067 Sishu Shiksha Prakalpa centres in the state. In 2011-12, the budget expenditure for Health and Family Welfare development of the state was US$ 778.4 million. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 31 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Cultural Infrastructure Cricket and Football (Soccer) are popular sports in the state. Kolkata is one of the major centres for football in India and, is home to top national clubs such as East Bengal, Mohun Bagan and Mohammedan Sporting Club. Eden Gardens, Salt Lake Stadium and Netaji Indoor Stadium are some of the well known sports stadiums in the state. West Bengal is known for its premier sports clubs viz., Royal Calcutta Golf Club, Tollygunge Club, Royal Calcutta Turf Club, Calcutta Rowing Club and Calcutta Cricket and Football

Club. Bengal had been the harbinger of modernism in fine arts. Birla Academy of Art and Culture Museum, Rashtriya Lalit Kala Academy, Academy of Fine Arts, Asiatic Society and Ashutosh Museum of Indian Arts are some of the art establishments in the state. West Bengal has a rich culture and literature. Music forms in West Bengal include Rabindra Sangeet, Nazrul Geeti, Adhunik, Shyamashangeet, Jibonmukhi, Baul, Gombhira and Bhawaiya, Dance forms include Gaudiya Nritya, Rabindra Nritya, Chhau, Raibense dance, Jhumar and Adhunik Nritya. Jatra is the traditional theatre form of West Bengal. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 32 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Industrial Infrastructure (1/3) West Bengal has 12 growth centres for medium and large scale industries, set up by the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation (WBIDC). There are exclusive growth centres for electronics, software technology, and export processing. The Naba Diganta Industrial Township was set up in January 2006, in Kolkatas Salt Lake township, to encourage IT and related industries. West Bengals major industrial areas are Haldia, Kolkata, Asansol-Durgapur region, and Kharagpur. WBIDC helps get clearances required for setting up industry. It also focuses on sector-specific infrastructure for industries such as food,

apparel, IT, electronics, engineering, gems & jewellery, cement and chemical. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Some of the IT Projects in Kolkata Project Name Location Technopolis Sector V, Salt Lake City Globsyn Crystals Sector V, Salt Lake City Infinity-Benchmark Sector V, Salt Lake City Infinity-Waterside Sector V, Salt Lake City Millennium City Sector V, Salt Lake City The Hub Sector V, Salt Lake City Infinity (Tower-II) Sector V, Salt Lake City VideoconSalarpuria Sector V, Salt Lake City Bengal Intelligent Park Sector V, Salt Lake City Source: West Bengal Industrial Development Rajarhat Corporation

Ascendas Keepeland INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS Rajarhat 33 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Industrial Infrastructure (2/3) Industrial Parks in West Bengal Borjora, Bankura District: Plasto Steel Park (Phase-I & II) Raghunathpur, Purulia District: Raghunathpur Steel & Allied Industrial Park West Midnapore District: Vidyasagar Industrial Park, Shalboni Industrial Park, Godapiasal Industrial Park For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Bardhhaman: Panagarh Industrial Park, Salanpur Industrial Park, Ranigunj Aluminium & Non-ferrous Metals Park 24 Parganas North: Rishi Bankim Industrial Park Kolkata: Manikanchan SEZ ( Phase I and II), Garment Park, Shilpangan (Light Engineering Park) Howrah: Food Park (Phase I & II), Kandua Food Park, Poly Park, Rubber Park, Foundry Park Source: West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation

INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 34 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Industrial Infrastructure (3/3) Some of the Industrial Parks in West Bengal Name Products/Services Location Food Park (Phase-I & II ) Food Processing Sankrail, (Howrah District) Poly Park Polymer Products Sankrail, (Howrah District) Rubber Park Rubber Footwear, Hoses, Tubes, Automotive Rubber Products Sankrail, (Howrah District) Kolkata Biotech Park Biotechnology Products Kolkata Plasto Steel Park (Phase-I & II) Iron and Steel and Plastic Products Borjora (Bankurna District) Vidyasagar Industrial Park Engineering and Manufacturing Kharagpur (West Midnapore District) Raghunathpur Steel & Allied

Industrial Park Iron & Steel, Cement and Power Raghunathpur, (Purulia District) Foundry Park (Phase-I & II ) Castings, Forge and Foundry Products Sankrail, (Howrah District) Rishi Bankim Industrial Park Multi Product 24 Parganas North Garment Park Garments Kolkata Shilpangan (Light Engineering Park) Light Engineering Products For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Sources: West Bengal Industrial Development Kolkata Corporation, Department of Biotechnology, Government of West Bengal INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS 35 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Contents West Bengal An Introduction Infrastructure Status Business Opportunities Doing Business in West Bengal State Acts & Policies For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org 36 West Bengal

AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries The natural resources, policy incentives and infrastructure in the state support investments in major sectors such as iron and steel, biotechnology, coal, leather, jute products, tea, IT, gems and jewellery. Climatic conditions suitable for cultivation of tea and jute have made West Bengal a major centre for these products and related industries. West Bengal occupies a predominant position in the development of micro and small scale enterprises. The state has 2,513,303 working micro, small & medium enterprises (both registration & unregistered) providing employment to around 5.83 million persons. The growth rate of index of industrial production of West Bengal stands at 3.78 per cent in 201011 over previous year. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Key Industries in West Bengal Tea

Petroleum and Petrochemicals Leather Iron and Steel IT Mineral Resources Automobile and Auto Components Biotechnology Fisheries Agriculture and Horticulture Livestock and Dairy Products Chemicals Textiles Jute Products Vegetable Oils Electronics Engineering Goods Source: West Bengal Government Website BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 37 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Tea (1/2) West Bengal is the second-largest tea growing state in India, after Assam, and accounts for around 23.1 per cent of the total tea produced in India. In 2010-11, 115,100 hectares of land was under tea cultivation in the state. In 2011-12, total production of tea in the state was 225.6 million kg. Tea gardens in the state are located in Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri, the two northern districts of West Bengal. Darjeeling tea has a Geographical Indicator (GI).

In 2010, the state had 307 tea estates. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Some of the Key Players Tata Global Beverages Goodricke Group Ltd Mcleod Russel India Ltd Duncans Industries Ltd BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 38 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Tea (2/2) Tata Global Beverages Goodricke Group Ltd (GGL) Mcleod Russel India Ltd Duncans Industries Ltd Tata Global Beverages, formerly known as Tata Tea, is the largest brand of tea in India. It acquired the UK-based Tetley Group in 2000. The company has six major brands in the Indian market, viz.,Tata Tea, Tetley, Kannan Devan, Chakra Gold, Agni and Gemini. It has its headquarters and tea estates in West Bengal. GGL, a part of Camellia plc. UK, is engaged in the cultivation, manufacture, and sale of tea in India. It has 17 gardens, including three gardens in Darjeeling, two in Assam and 12 in Jalpaiguri.

Its turnover in 2011 stood at US$ 95.5 million and total crop production of 20.66 million kg. It launched cold tea and has entered the ready-to-drink products market in 2009. Mcleod Russel India Ltd produces around 100 million kg of tea every year from tea estates in Assam, West Bengal, Vietnam, Uganda and Rwanda employing 90,000 people. The company has its registered office in Kolkata. The five tea estates in Jalpaiguri district produce 6.25 million kg of tea, annually. Duncans Industries Ltd, headquartered in Kolkata, is a part of the diversified DuncanGoenka Group, established in 1859. The company has 13 tea estates, located in the Doors, Terai and Darjeeling. The company markets tea under the brands namely Runglee Rungliot, Double Diamond, Shakthi and Sargam, No1. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 39 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Petroleum and Petrochemicals (1/3) West Bengal accounted for around 3.33 per cent of the countrys refinery crude throughput in 2010-11. Haldia Petrochemicals Limited is one of Indias largest integrated petrochemical complexes. Mitsubishi Chemicals and Corporation, Japans major chemical firm has invested in a Purified Terepthalic Acid (PTA) plant at Haldia at an

investment of US$ 780 million (phase I & II). For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Key Players Indian Oil Corporation Ltd (IOCL) Oil India Ltd (OIL) Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd (ONGC) Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd (HPL) BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 40 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Petroleum and Petrochemicals (2/3) Indian Oil Corp Ltd (IOCL) Oil and Natural Gas Corp Ltd (ONGC) IOCL is India's largest company by sales with a turnover of US$ 84.9 billion in 201112. It is the eighteenth largest petroleum company in the world. It owns and operates 10 of India's 20 refineries with a combined refining capacity of 65.7 MMTPA, (1.30 million barrels per day). It has a refinery at Haldia, with an installed capacity of 7.5 MTPA The company is planning augmentation of Paradip-Haldia-Barauni Crude Oil Pipeline with an investment of US$ 122.2 million ONGC is Indias leading oil and gas exploration and production company. The company has 240 onshore production installations, 77 drilling rigs and 26,598 km pipeline network.

ONGC has acquired five onshore blocks, spreading over 16,500 sq km in West Bengal for US$ 2 billion, as of December 2009. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 41 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Petroleum and Petrochemicals (3/3) Oil India Ltd (OIL) Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd (HPL) OIL, established in 1959, is primarily engaged in exploration, development, production and transportation of crude oil and natural gas in India. OIL owns 10 crude oil pumping stations and 17 repeater stations spread across Assam, West Bengal and Bihar. The company also owns and operates a 654 km petroleum product pipeline, connecting Numaligarh Refinery Limited in Assam to Siliguri in West Bengal. HPL is a modern, naphtha-based petrochemical complex located at Haldia, 125 km from Kolkata. It is a joint venture project of the Government of West Bengal with the Chatterjee Group, the TATA group and IOCL as major stakeholders. It has a total capacity of 7,00,000 tonnes per annum of ethylene. The company has successfully completed project Supermax" with an investment of around US$ 269.9 million in the state. The naphtha cracker plant of HPL can produce around 700 Kilo Tons Per Annum (KTPA) of ethylene with this project.

For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 42 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Leather (1/2) West Bengal is one of the leading exporters of finished leather goods. The states share in the Indian leather export basket is 16 per cent. As of 2010, manufacturing leather goods. the state had around 529 units producing leather and West Bengal Leather Industrial Development Corporation provides assistance to small & micro scale industries of the state for the development and marketing of leather goods. The Government of West Bengal has set up an integrated leather complex on the Eastern fringe of Kolkata, spread over 1,100 acres. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Key Players Khadim India Ltd Bata India Limited Singhvi International Balmer Lawrie and Company Limited BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 43

West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Leather (2/2) The Khadim group has a significant presence in the footwear segment, especially in the East of India. It has a manufacturing unit at Kasba Industrial Estate, Kolkata. The company has 634 stores in 21 states of India, out of which 258 stores are located in West Bengal. Bata India Limited, incorporated in Kolkata, is the largest shoe manufacturer in India. The company has 30 per cent share of the organised footwear market and its retail footprint spans more than 1,250 stores; it sells over 50 million pairs of footwear every year. Bata has a manufacturing unit in Batanagar, West Bengal. Singhvi International, established in 1974, is engaged in the export of leather hand gloves and safety garments world-wide. Factory and warehouse units are spread in and around Kolkata. It has its registered office in Kolkata. Balmer Lawrie is a Government of India enterprise, corporate headquartered at Kolkata. The company manufactures leather chemicals. It has manufacturing operations at Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Mathura, Silvassa and

offices at many locations in India. Khadim India Ltd Bata India Ltd Singhvi International Balmer Lawrie and Co Ltd For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 44 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Iron and Steel (1/2) West Bengal has emerged as destination for the steel industry. a favoured Its deposits of iron ore have helped attract new projects. The Chota Nagpur plateau bordering West Bengal is the nerve-centre of this industry. The Joint Plant Committee (JPC) for steel has been constituted by the Government of India for formulating the guidelines for production, allocation, pricing and distribution of steel materials in the country. Headquartered in Kolkata, it has regional offices in Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai. The state accounts for about 10 per cent of countrys total steel capacity. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Some of the Key Players

JSW Steel Ltd SAIL Shyam Steel Super Forgings & Steel Ltd (SFSL) BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 45 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Iron and Steel (2/2) JSW Steel Ltd (JSL) Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL) Shyam Steel Super Forgings & Steel Ltd (SFSL) JSW Steel Ltd is among the largest private steel companies in India, with a capacity of 14.3 Million Tonnes Per Annum (MTPA). The company is setting up a 10 million MTPA steel plant at Salboni in West Bengal. SAIL is the leading steel maker in India, with a turnover of US$ 9.3 billion in 2010-11. Indian Iron & Steel Company (IISCO), which was a 100 per cent subsidiary of SAIL, has been amalgamated with the parent company. The company has an integrated steel plant in Durgapur. Shyam Steel, established in 1953 in Howrah, is a leading manufacturer of steel rebars and structurals.

It has a plant at Durgapur comprising steel melting furnace, billet casting plant and rolling mill. Incorporated in 1968, SFSL is one of the leading manufacturers of carbon and alloy constructional grades of steel. The company was initially a trading unit in alloy steels, started in 1960. The product line of SFSL includes tools steel, stainless steel (including corrosion resistant steel), carbon alloy and construction steel. The products find applications in defence, power generating industries, automobiles and ancilliary unit parts apart from railways. A multilocational company, SFSL has three units in West Bengal, two in Howrah and one in Bhadreshwar. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 46 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Information Technology (1/2) Around 500 IT and ITeS companies are operating in the state, employing more than 100,000 professionals. The state has identified IT as a priority focus sector to be developed into a growth engine for the future. West Bengal has 16 IT/ITeS based SEZs with formal approval. A 16.19 hectares SEZ by Tata Consultancy Services has been granted formal approval.

A number of towns such as Durgapur, Siliguri, Haldia are also emerging as suitable IT destinations with appropriate infrastructure in the form of Software Technology Parks (STP). Software exports (made by registered units STPI: Software Technology Parks of through STPI) from West Bengal was US$ 1.24 India billion in 2010-11. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Some of the Key Players Genpact Cognizant Technology Solutions HCL Tata Consultancy Services BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 47 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Information Technology (2/2) Genpact is a global remote processing operations company that services clients across the world with its IT-enabled services. It has an 80,000 sq ft facility in Kolkata and inaugurated second operations centre in the city. This 0.2 million sq ft SEZ facility has the capacity to accommodate more than 3,000 employees when fully operational. CTS is a global e-business and application development company.

CTS, Kolkata services several large clients from the banking, hospitality (restaurant), healthcare, financial and information-driven sectors of the global market. The company has started work on the second phase of expansion at its Bantala campus, near Kolkata, with an estimated cost of US$ 41.7 million. Incorporated in 1976, HCL is a leading global technology and IT enterprise with annual revenues of US$ 6.2 billion. The companys operations span across 31 countries. It has delivery facilities in the US, the UK, Finland, Poland, Puerto Rico, Brazil, China, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia, Czech, and India. In India, the company has offices in 170 cities and 505 points of presence reaching 4,000 towns. In West Bengal, HCL has two offices in Salt Lake City, Kolkata and one in New Town Rajarhat. A company of the TATA group, TCS is a well recognised global service provider for a wide range of IT solutions, consulting, BPO, engineering services and IT infrastructure. Genpact Cognizant Technology Solutions (CTS) HCL Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) The company has offices across the world at more than 42 countries, including 80 locations in India. It has 9 offices in Kolkata. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 48 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Mineral Resources Raniganj coalfield is an important coalfield in West Bengal, other coalfields found in the state are

Barjora coalfield, Birbhum coalfield and Darjeeling coalfield. As of April 2011, total coal reserves/resources were estimated to 29,954.9 million tonnes in the state. Rock phosphates deposits are found in Beldhi, Chirugora and Kutni regions of Purulia districts. Deposits of granite and kaolinite are found in Purulia, Bankura and the Birbhum districts. Good quality pegmetallic-quartz is available at Mirmi in the Purulia district; deposits of basalt-trap rocks used for preparing road metals are available in the Birbhum district. In 2010, total coal production in the state was 22.3 million tonnes. In 2010-11, the gross production of Coal Bed Methane (CBM) in the state was 41 million cubic metre. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 49 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Automobile and Auto Components The automobile industry in West Bengal is dominated by Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM). The auto components industry comprises units manufacturing a range of products from simple nuts and bolts to complex items such as shafts, radiators and axles. Hindustan Motors is a leading player in West Bengal. The company is engaged in the manufacturing of passenger car (Ambassador) and multi-utility vehicle (HM-Shifeng Winner) in the state. Easy access to raw materials such as iron and steel is an advantage for the growth of automotive and auto components industry in the state. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 50

West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Biotechnology West Bengal has many attributes that favour the development of biotechnology industry. It has rich natural resources based on a diversity of flora and fauna. A wide variety of commercial crops are cultivated, which can be improved by biotechnology interventions. Examples of such interventions are application of bio-fertilisers for soil fertility, biopesticides for environment friendly integrated pest management, genetic modification to produce golden rice, tissue culture for horticulture, floriculture and medicinal plants. Research institutes such as Bose Institute, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Jadavpur University, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine and Indian Institute of Technology, Kharaghpur are engaged in high quality research in various areas of biotechnology. There are three biotechnology parks in the state; Jagadish Chandra Bose Biotechnology Park (Madhyamgram), EKTA Incubation Centre (Kolkata) and Kolkata Biotech Park (Kolkata). For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 51 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Fishery The state has a long coastline of over 150 km and innumerable water bodies, which generate a huge potential for inland fishing and give it a prominent position in fish cultivation. West Bengal is the largest producer of fish and shrimps in the country. It is also the largest supplier of fish and supplies nearly 80 per cent of the carp seed demand of the country. The state produces significant amount of fresh water fish.

In 2011-12 (till September 2011), total fish production was 568,000 tonnes and total fishseeds production was 13,746 million in the state. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 52 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Agriculture and Horticulture West Bengal comprises of six agro-climatic zones and offers a diverse variety of environment for agriculture and horticulture produce. The state had produced 2.95 million tonnes of fruits and over 26.72 million tonnes of vegetables in 2010-11. Floriculture is an emerging industry in West Bengal with high prospects. In 2010-11, total production of flowers (loose) in the state was 59,200 tonnes. In 2010-11, the state had gross cropped area of 8.83 million hectares. There is good potential for exporting flowers like gladiolus, gerbera, tuberose and rose to countries in Holland, Middle-East, the UK and Japan. Indoor plants and foliages such as asparagus, palms, cycads and ferns are also grown in the state. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 53 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Industries Livestock and Dairy Products

The state has a favourable climate for poultry breeding and is considered as one of the most attractive poultry markets in India. It has enormous export potential in poultry and duck meat. West Bengal holds good position in indigenous cattle population in the country. The state is one of the leading producers of meat. The total production of meat in 2010-11 was 577,300 tonnes. In 2010-11, total number of eggs (Hen and Duck) produced in the state was around 4 billion. In 2010-11, total milk production in the state was around 4.47 million tonnes. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES 54 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Contents West Bengal An Introduction Infrastructure Status Business Opportunities Doing Business in West Bengal State Acts & Policies For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org 55 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Single-Window Approval Mechanism Shilpa Bandhu or the State Investment Facilitation Centre (SIFC) is the state-level nodal agency for single- window clearances in West Bengal. The purpose of Shilpa Bandhu is to provide guidance and

information to investors about policies and programmes of the state. The agency is monitored by an empowered committee. SIFC offers assistance in the following areas: Approvals from the Secretariat for Industrial Assistance and Foreign Investment Promotional Board. Registration by Directorate of Industries. Clearance from the Pollution Control Board. All clearances related to power. Identification, allotment, mutation/conversion of land and other infrastructural facilities. Guidance to entrepreneurs on investment prospects in over 200 ready projects developed by WBIDC. District Industry Centre (DIC) is the district-level committee for single-window clearance that provides sanctions and clearances for setting up small scale industrial units in the state. The committee is convened by the General Manager, District Industries Centre and includes the Environmental Engineer of the West Bengal Pollution Control Board, Superintendent Engineer/Executive Engineer of West Bengal State Electricity Board, District Officer of Housing and Urban Development Authority and the Assistant Director of Factories. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org DOING BUSINESS IN WEST BENGAL 56 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Investment Promotion Offices Agency Description The WBIDC focuses on financing of medium and large scale industries. West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation (WBIDC) It provides assistance service and facilitates investment proposal through Shilpa Bandhu.

It promotes joint sector and assisted sector units in important industry segments. West Bengal Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (WBIIDC) West Bengal Small Industries Development Corporation Ltd (WBSIDC) West Bengal Electronics Industry Development Corporation Limited (WEBEL) West Bengal Finance Corporation (WBFC) The WBIIDC is responsible for balanced and well-planned industrial development in the state. Set up in 1961, WBSIDC is the promotional agency for growth and development of industries and commercial activities in the small and medium sector in the state. WBSIDC has developed 37 industrial and commercial estates all over the state. WEBEL is responsible for the development of electronics and IT/ITeS industries in the state. It assists investors in obtaining all necessary approvals for new projects and facilitates setting up of IT and electronics industry. WBFC is a state level financial institution to help the small, medium and tiny sector enterprises to implement their new/ expansion/ modernisation or technological up gradation schemes. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org DOING BUSINESS IN WEST BENGAL 57 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Contact List Agency Contact Information West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation (WBIDC) "Protiti", 23, Abanindranath Tagore Sarani, (Camac Street) Kolkata - 700017, Phone: 91 33 2255 3700 - 705 Fax: 91-33-2255 3737 Email: [email protected] Website: http://www.wbidc.com/

West Bengal Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (WBIIDC) 5, Council House Street, 3rd Floor Kolkata-700 001 Phone: 91-33-2230 5804-08 Email: [email protected] West Bengal Small Industries Development Corporation Limited (WBSIDC) Shilpa Bhawan, 31 Black Burn Lane Kolkata-700 012, Phone: 91-33-2237 5393/0458/0330 West Bengal Electronics Industry Development Corporation Limited (WEBEL) Webel Bhavan, Block-EP & GP, Sector-V, Salt Lake Kolkata-700 091 Phone: 91- 33- 2357 1704/06 Fax : 91-33-2357 1708 /2357 1739 Email: [email protected] West Bengal Finance Corporation (WBFC) 12A, Netaji Subhas Road, 3rd and 4th Floor, Kolkata-700 001 Phone: 91-33-2230 0055/3259/4954/3083 Fax: 91-33-2230 1250 E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.wbfconline.org For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org DOING BUSINESS IN WEST BENGAL 58 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Key Approvals Required List of Approvals and Clearances Required Department Incorporation of Company Registrar of Companies Registration, Industrial Entrepreneurs Memorandum (IEM),

Industrial Licenses Permission for Land Use Allotment of Land Site Environmental Approval No-Objection Certificate and Consent under Water and Pollution Control Act Registration under States Sales Tax Act and Central and State Excise Act Commercial Taxes Sanction of Power Power Feasibility Power Connection ForApproval updatedfor information, please visitand www.ibef.org Construction Activity Building Plan Department of Industries, West Bengal State Government West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation (WBIDC), West Bengal Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation, West Bengal Small Scale Industries Development Corporation West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) Excise Department, Government of West Bengal West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (WBSEDCL), Kolkata Electric Supply Corporation, Damodar Valley Corporation, Durgapur Projects Limited, Dishegarh Power Supply Company Limited, according to area demarcated. DOING BUSINESS IN WEST BENGAL 59 Public Works Department, Government of West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Cost of Doing Business in West Bengal Cost Parameter Cost Estimate

Source Cost of Land (per sq ft) US$ 4 to US$ 100 Industry Sources Hotel Room Cost (per night) US$ 60 to US$ 152 Indian Hotel Survey US$ 1.0 to US$ 3.0 Industry Sources US$ 0.3 to US$ 1.2 Industry Sources US$ 2.4 to US$ 4.3 Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India Office Space (rent per sq ft per month) Residential Space (rent per sq ft per month) Labour Cost (minimum wages per day) For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org DOING BUSINESS IN WEST BENGAL 60 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Contents West Bengal An Introduction Infrastructure Status Business Opportunities Doing Business in West Bengal State Acts & Policies For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org 61 West Bengal

AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC State Acts & Policies (1/2) West Bengal Food Processing Industry Policy 2011 Objective s To augment export of both primary agricultural-horticultural produce and processed food products. To produce and supply safe, hygienically processed balanced nutritious food to the domestic and export market. Read mor e West Bengal Tourism Policy 2008 Objective s To improve the market share of West Bengal in the inbound international tourism segment and also to have a dominant share in the domestic tourism market. To promote responsible and sustainable tourism through the integrated development of the infrastructure and not sporadic, stand alone and Read mor fragmented development. e West Bengal Biotech Policy 2008 (Draft) Objective s To facilitate the growth of biotech industries and the development of clean biotechnologies. To create a strong infrastructure both for research and commercialisation. Read mor e For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org

STATE ACTS & POLICIES 62 West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC State Acts & Policies (2/2) The West Bengal Incentive Scheme for Micro- and Small-scale Enterprises (MSE) 2007 Objective To provide incentives to the micro and small enterprises in the state. Read mor e IT Policy of West Bengal 2003 Objective s To utilise the potential benefits offered by IT for the development of the state. To create immense value, provide significant opportunities for talent development and employment, and enhance efficiencies in governance and Read mor social service. e Special Economic Zone Act (SEZ) 2003 Objective To facilitate the development, operation, maintenance, management, administration and regulation of Special Economic Zone in the state. For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org Read mor e STATE ACTS & POLICIES 63

West Bengal AUGUST 2012 CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Annexure Exchange Rates Year INR equivalent of one US$ 2004-05 44.95 2005-06 44.28 2006-07 45.28 2007-08 40.24 2008-09 45.91 2009-10 47.41 2010-11 45.57 2011-12 47.94 Average for the year For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org ANNEXURE 64 West Bengal AUGUST 2012

CULTURALLY ARTISTIC Disclaimer India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) engaged GenX Info Technologies Pvt Ltd (GenX) to prepare this presentation and the same has been prepared by GenX in consultation with IBEF. All rights reserved. All copyright in this presentation and related works is solely and exclusively owned by IBEF. The same may not be reproduced, wholly or in part in any material form (including photocopying or storing it in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this presentation), modified or in any manner communicated to any third party except with the written approval of IBEF. This presentation is for information purposes only. While due care has been taken during the compilation of this For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org presentation to ensure that the information is accurate to the best of GenXs and IBEFs knowledge and belief, the content is not to be construed in any manner whatsoever as a substitute for professional advice. GenX and IBEF neither recommend nor endorse any specific products or services that may have been mentioned in this presentation and nor do they assume any liability or responsibility for the outcome of decisions taken as a result of any reliance placed on this presentation. Neither GenX nor IBEF shall be liable for any direct or indirect damages that may arise due to any act or omission on the part of the user due to any reliance placed or guidance taken from any portion of this presentation. DISCLAIMER 65

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