Marine Corps Joint Experimentation Expeditionary Warfare Conference 22

Marine Corps Joint Experimentation Expeditionary Warfare Conference 22

Marine Corps Joint Experimentation Expeditionary Warfare Conference 22 Oct 2003 Colonel Robert RoosterSchmidle Director, Expeditionary Force Development Center Marine Corps Combat Development Command Marine Corps Issues Related to Joint Experimentation C4I Over the Horizon/On the Move Ship to Objective Maneuver Bridge / Experimental Tactical Communication System Combat Identification Joint Seabasing Sea Viking 2004 Marine Corps Insights From

Recent Joint Experimentation Joint Concepts for: Anti-Access Forcible Entry Definition of Joint Sea Basing Netted Force Capabilities Sea Viking 04 Coordinated Attack on Naval Transformation in a Joint Context SV04 Advanced Advanced Warfighting Warfighting Experiment 2 Experiment 1 (AWE 2) (AWE 1) West Coast East Coast 25 Oct3 Nov 04 4-8 Oct 04 Live/Field M&S/CPX 29 Palms Cam Pen

LD NWDC MCCDC JFCOM CLNC JFMCC/Seabased MEB Prototype LD Concept Marine Corps Issues Related to Joint Experimentation Questions? BACKUP SLIDES The Digital Divide The Need for OTH/OTM Communications

MEG FSSG DIV WING Key Systems Bandwidth Maneuver Elements THE DIGITAL DIVIDE Battalions BFT MDACT SMART-T MRC-142 PSC-5

Companies Platoons Squads Companies Platoons Squads Requirements Companies Platoons Squads Additional systems must be accompanied by increased bandwidth or improved bandwidth efficiency. STOM Bridge What is a STOM Bridge? STOM Bridge is an Architectural Approach designed to:

Bridge battlefield Command and Control over distance Enable Marines anywhere on the battlefield to access data through current T/E systems Enables near-term (04-05) development of data networking TTPs Provide a stable Interim Communications Architecture that remains relevant when JTRS and TCA arrive. Shortens the acquisition timeline for C2 capabilities Transforming C4 from the Ground Up XXX X XX XX

FSSG MEF DIV FSSG MAW LMST SMART-T GMF Trojan Spirit Commercial SatComm TRC-170 MRC-142 Transformational Communications Architecture ForceNetet N Wideband Way Ahead Joint Terrestrial Mux MSC Core Network Services: Enabler:

STOM Bridge: DTC DTC Network Centric TDN TDN- -IPIPRouted Routed Networking Networking TriTac TriTacBecomes Switches TSM - Circuit Switch Voice Networks Enterprise Systems 2 2 JECCS/JETS JECCS/JETSCoordinated CoordinatedCCCapability CapabilitySets Sets OTM/OTH Tactical Communications Bridge

Regimental MUX for ANY JTRS Waveform Point of Presence Data | CVoice 2 Mobile Capability Set The MSC Net becomes the TCA. PoP-V are built Using JTRS Cluster 1 Vehicles JTRS EPLRS HaveQuick HF ALE TACSAT SINCGARS JTRS WNW 4To-Be Architecture TheUSMC

USMC The USMC CInterim Architecture As it is et N C ME The MEC Net becomes JTRS. STOM Bridge Basic The Basic STOM Bridge: Purpose: Connects EPLRS Communities over distance. -EPLRS Node -C2PC Gateway -Over the Horizon connection (INMARSAT, Iridium, TACSAT) Beyond Line of Sight EPLRS Community EPLRS Community

STOM Bridge PoP-V INMARSAT or TACSAT The STOM Bridge Point of Presence Vehicle: Purpose: Connects Users without EPLRS to the Data Network. -SINCGARS -HaveQuick II -TACSAT DAMA -HF -HF ALE -EPLRS -Iridium - ETCS - Beyond Line of Sight EPLRS Community Cell phone STOM Bridge Jump C2

INMARSAT INMARSAT The STOM Bridge Jump C2 Vehicle: Purpose: Maintains COP/SA during Displacement -Downsized JECCS Capability -SIPRNet INMARSAT -NIPRNet -Telephone Wireless Technology -VTC Up to 2 miles Jump Command Vehicle UOC MAIN Beyond Line of Sight ETCS

STOM-Bridge/ETCS (Proposed Architecture ISO SV-04) STOM Bridge Scan Eagle ETCS INMARSAT IRIDUM II I I CO I CO BN BTRY

II BN OBJ B OBJ A CID CID CAPABILITY CID is The process of attaining an accurate characterization of detected objects in the joint battlespace to the extent that high confidence, timely application of military options and weapons resources can occur. PLUS Situational Awareness (Includes BFT) Family of Systems Target Identification Training Doctrine, Tactics,

Techniques & Procedures Supports ricide Reduction & Increased Combat Effectiveness Across Four Mission A Air-Surface; Surface-Surface; Surface-Air; Air-Air Combat Identification (CID) Challenge A-S S-S S-A A-A Doctrine, TTP Training SA Systems DACT, C2PC, TLDHS, GPS, AFATDS, EPLRS, TPS-59, Grenadier Brat, MTX, Radiant Blue, Iridium Cooperative & Non Cooperative TI Systems NVD, MCTIS

Weapons Platforms & Systems Situational Awareness & Target Identification Situational Awareness Commanders and Combatants Disseminates/Displays PLI Info Friends (BFT) Enemies Neutrals Combat Effectiveness/Force Employment focused Multiple USMC Programs DACT/C2PC primary focus Current Issues Improved Interoperability BLOS capability Ground COP in Cockpit JBFSA ACTD Target Identification Combatant focused

Shoot/Dont Shoot Decision for detected objects Cooperative TI is Dont Shoot (Fratricide Avoidance) Current Issues Joint/Coalition Ground Cooperative Target Identification (CTI) Cockpit CTI for ground objects CCID ACTD Near-Term Focus Situational Awareness Joint Blue Force Situational Awareness/ Blue Force Tracking Target Identification FIOP efforts

JBFSA enhancements USA USMC BFT migration Develop BLOS capability In-cockpit Ground COP Investigate feasibility of expanding I MEF COC Baseline COC used during OIF Develop CTI capability for ground platforms MCTIS Program Leverage CCID ACTD Coordinate with Army for current and future force

Support CCID ACTD efforts to Develop/Evaluate Cockpit CTI for ground objects RF Tags Radio-based Combat Identification CID is a complex capability that must be resolved with the needs of the Joint/Coalition warfighter in mind Far-Term Solution CID Situational Awareness Joint Blue Force Situational Awareness/ Blue Force Tracking FIOP efforts BO USA USMC BFT migration Develop BLOS capability R

N In-cockpit Ground COP JBFSA enhancements Develop CTI capability for ground platforms MCTIS Program Leverage CCID ACTD Coordinate with Army for current and future force Support CCID ACTD efforts to J Cockpit CTI for OI Develop/Evaluate Investigate feasibility of expanding I ground objects

N MEF COC Baseline COC used during TRF Tags OIF Target Identification Radio-based Combat Identification CID is a complex capability that must be resolved with the needs of the Joint/Coalition warfighter in mind

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