Unit: Developments in East Asia Unit Question: How

Unit: Developments in East Asia Unit Question: How

Unit: Developments in East Asia Unit Question: How did cultural exchanges affect Focus regional empires? Question: What led to the widespread prosperity of Chinese civilization in the Song era? Monday, October 28th, 2019

Happy National Chocolate Day! Reminders: 1. Geography Quiz: Wednesday, 10/30

Focus Activity: 1. Complete page 8 in packet Homework: 2. Read Chinese Footbinding and answer follow-up questions (pgs. 12-13)

Mandate of Heaven The Zhou (first dynasty) told people that the gods had become angry at the Shang and had chosen the Zhou to rule China.

Each dynasty that followed the Zhou would claim their right to rule was divine (came from heaven/the gods) MANDATE OF HEAVEN When Li Yuan claimed the Mandate of Heaven and established the basis for the Tang dynasty, China had been in a period of rebellion where state governors had declared themselves independent rulers, bandit gangs raided travelers and merchants, and nomadic peoples seized large section of the north China plain. Song Dynasty

960-1279 CE Reasoning Skills Practice: BIG Idea: Comparison- whether similarity and difference, continuity and change, or cause and effect- must always remain within the specific PERSIAN grouping. Buddhism had reached a high point in Chinese society during the early and mid-Tang era. However, an

anti-Buddhist backlash began to change the religions influence towards the end of the dynasty and especially during the Song Era, and led to the rise of Neo-Confucianism (Neo = New). The reasons for this change was a backlash against foreign cultures altering Chinese society, as Tang cities became more culturally diverse with foreigners. A renewed emphasis on Confucianism as an indigenous system over Buddhism, a foreign imported one began to spread. This was significant because it led to: Neo-Confucianists becoming less receptive to foreign influences,

ultimately stifling innovation and critical thinking among the Chinese elite. Confucius became venerated as god-like, and emphasis was placed on relationships, obligations, deference, and venerating Confucian works. The scholar-gentry elite touted themselves as the preservers of

China, rewarding themselves with higher salaries, signs of status, and additional servants. Graceful curved roofs date back from the Tang/Song period. Curved roofs were reserved for people of high rank, including the scholar-gentry families, a status symbol earned from imperial exams. The influence of silk road trade

routes continued during the Song dynasty, however China changed by encoura ging merchants to export goods to foreign regions rather than import goods from foreign regions. The reasons for this change were Neo-Confucianists rejection of foreign influences. In Song times, Chinese merchants and sailors

increasingly carried Chinese trade overseas, instead of being content to let foreigner seafarers come to them. This was significant because it led to China becoming the dominant force in the Asian seas. Chinese junks, equipped

with rudders, oars, sails, compasses, and gunpropelled rockets, brought Chinese goods across international markets, especially throughout the Indian Ocean and South China sea. This includes Unbalanced gender rights remained a continuity throughout East Asian culture, however male dominance changed under the Song by significantly

increasingly. The reasons for this change were that Confucius relationships were based on a male-dominated hierarchy, which was promoted by the strict NeoConfucians of the Song era. This was significant because it led to women becoming clearly subordinate to men. Neo-Confucianists stressed the womans role as homemaker, mother, and bearer of sons to continue the paternal family line. No practice subordinated females to males as strongly as footbinding. Chinese

footbindings impact today https://www.travelc

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