WESTWARD EXPANSION Manifest Destiny This is the belief

WESTWARD EXPANSION Manifest Destiny This is the belief

WESTWARD EXPANSION Manifest Destiny This is the belief that expansion was right and good for the country. Take / buy land from Atlantic Ocean to Pacific Ocean. In other words, take as much land as possible for the good ol US of A no matter who gets in the way! The West is ROMANTICIZED or It is made to sound much BETTER and EASIER than reality! What symbolism do you see in this famous image of Westward Expansion? Why did they romanticize, or make the west sound like Heaven on earth? Ultimately, WHY did the US Government want settlers (White Americans) to

move, or expand west? A. They wanted to get rid of the poor whites from the East Coast B. They thought that the Native Americans would welcome the new settlers. C.They wanted them to go to the west so they could claim the land, and take it from Russia, England, Spain, etc. D. They wanted the settlers to convert the Native Americans to Christianity. Why move west? Rumors of gold! Thousands moved west to California to mine for gold. Gold Fever! California Gold Rush! 49ers! Free land! Homestead Act: To those who were eligible, the U.S. gave 160 acres of land. 21 year old heads of households who agreed to build on and care for the land Adventure and escape! Many moved simply to experience adventure and/or to escape from situations that they didnt care for How did they travel? Wagons! Most families packed up their valuables and their necessities in a covered

wagon Groups of wagons called wagon trains often traveled together Family members took turns riding in wagons and walking beside the wagons Captains often led these trains Where did they go? Most pioneers left their homes in the east and headed westward to the Great Plains in the west The Great Plains is a huge area of grassland between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains What dangers did they face? Lack of food, water, and shelter Lack of protection from the weather (floods, storms) Lack of medical care Exposure to Native Americans who felt

threatened by the presence of settlers Conflict with other settlers- they sometimes were competing for the same land and resources (water, animals, trees). Sometimes small range wars broke out. These were feuds between neighboring settlers. What was life like on the prairie? Many arrived to find huge empty areas of land Built homes (log or sod houses) Found sources of water and foodsome lived near creeks or rivers while others had to make windmills to pump water out of the ground Many were miles from their nearest neighbors or trading posts lonely Harsh weather that they werent used to Different soil for raising crops and animals From a prairie woman It might seem a cheerless life, but there were many compensations: the thrill of conquering a new country; the wonderful atmosphere; the attraction of the prairie, which simply gets into your blood and makes you

dissatisfied away from itThe pioneer spirit was continuous in our family Knowledge of Oregon Trail Oregon Trail - People wanted to start a new life in the West and could travel, overland, on several trails, usually starting in St. Louis, Missouri and going to west coast. Lewis and Clark - Explorers who help navigate out west for the first time (1804 1806 commissioned by President What deal allowed trying Lewis to and Clark, AND the settlers Thomas Jefferson) find a water route to Pacific.

using the Oregon Trail to expand out west? A. The St. Louis Purchase B. The Louisiana Purchase C. The Gasden Purchase D. The Black Friday Purchases A sad part of history Many Native Americans were unfairly driven from the lands that theyd lived on for many, many years because the U.S. government claimed it. They were forced to move to reservations. Herds of wild bison became nearly extinct as settlers began to use them as sources of food and shelter Eventually So many pioneers traveled west that Small cities and towns popped up in the west Many families grew as they lived in the west Immigrants moved into the west These westward areas were eventually added as states which are much more populated today

Cheap, Fertile Land The Eastern cities were getting crowded and people could find cheap and sometimes FREE land in the west. The land was great for farming and still is today! Adventure Young men and women, usually poor, wanted to find adventure and a new life in the west. Many were running from debt, the law, or other things they did not want to deal with. Remember, this is the WILD WEST where there Which of the following was a REASON why settlers would was very little law enforcement other than a gun.

want to move out west? A. The fact that they could escape English taxes B. The job opportunities C. They could own land, which for many would be the first time ever D. The opportunity to strike it rich in the Yukon Territories silver mines Freedom#5for Runaway Slaves Which of the following do you feel is the BEST Oregon definition for Manifest Destiny? Territory Slaves from could A.bythe

TheSouth idea that sending Lewis and Clark on their Treaty/given have a somewhat vague Great Britain expedition was rightStates by God. Which territory was added to the United FIRST after the United States 1846 freedom in the new

#6 became an independent country? #2 Mexican A. Spanish Florida western territories B. Territory The idea that removing Native Americans to Territory of the Ceded B. Oregon (Given Territory up) were not because they Louisiana Purchase

reservations was a good thing to do. after C. Texas MexicanExpanded From officially states. . D. American Louisiana War Territory territory of the FRANCE 1848idea C.does The that going to war was a bad Slavery not officially 1803with Mexicooriginal Colonies /

Territory never have been 13 thing, done. end until 1865and by should States TAKEN (Annexed) President Abraham 1783 To cede (Cession, D. The idea that expanding Lincoln . from out west, to the Pacific Ceded, etc.) is to NEW ORLEANS, Mexico Ocean, was a good and right thing to do! LOUISIANA formally surrender or 1845

GIVE UP land. Spanish Usually through a Cession To annex To TAKE by treaty or written 1819 force or threat of force agreement. #1 #4 #3

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