Welcome to the Engineering Education: Power Systems Series
Welcome to the Engineering Education: Power Systems Series The Line Up US Energy Policy: Results and Trends HVDC and FACTS Devices: Future of Power Systems Monday, April 27, 2015 1-2pm (ET) Energy Management Best Practices and Career Opportunities Current Presentation Worcester Polytechnic Institute
(WPI) Founded as a non-profit in 1865 Conducting advanced research Educating students to apply theory to produce results
Using projects to teach crossdiscipline integration, teamwork and goal achievement Will OBrien Consultant, WPI Center for Sustainability in Business Responsible for development of educational programs, research and consulting focused on environmental sustainability. 45+ Years of Experience
Including: Executive, Services Division, Digital Equipment Corporation (Worldwide Marketing, Business Unit Management) Consultant, Kana Software Lecturer, Higher Education since 2002 Engineering Education: Power System Series
B.S., LeMoyne College M.B.A., University at Albany, SUNY J.D., Suffolk Law School Member of the Massachusetts Bar (retired) Lecturer: Bentley, Clark, Harvard Extension School, Johns Hopkins, MA Maritime Academy, Peking University, Suffolk, Viet Nam University (Hanoi) Todays Agenda 1.
Energy Management Best Practices 2. Resources 3. Career Opportunities in Energy Management Review Energy Management Best Practices
Challenges: Facilities & Energy Mgmt. o Facilities/grounds operational, safe, secure, attractive and comfortable o Control costs through conservation: energy, water, waste o Lack of understanding of energy management o Minimize pollution o Ensure compliance o Engage the organization: leadership and staff Facts o Americas 120 million buildings consume a prodigious amount of energy. o Residential and commercial buildings account for almost: 39 percent of total U.S. energy consumption 38 percent of U.S. carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
o Nearly all of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the residential and commercial sectors can be attributed to energy use in buildings. o For a typical company, energy costs can account for as much as 10% of the annual operating budget; electricity accounts for nearly 75% of that cost. o Between 10 and 50% of building energy use is wasted! http://www.rmi.org/Buildings http://www.c2es.org/technology/overview/ buildings Energy Management Best Practices Each of the best practices fall into one of the following four major categories: 1. Managementenergy-efficient building operation and the big
picture. 2. Teamworkenergy-efficient building operation is everybodys business. 3. Resourcesinformation saves time and money. 4. Energy-Efficient O&Mexpanding the preventive maintenance program. Source: 15 O & M Best Practices Energy Efficient Buildings, Prepared with funding from the U.S. EPA and U.S. DOE, September 1999 Management Best Practices 1. Goals
2. Planning 3. Energy Audit, Accounting & Reporting Goals Incorporate Goals for Energy Efficient Building Operations into the Strategic Business Plan: o Gain the attention of senior management by increasing their understanding of efficient operation as part of asset management. o Efficient building operation reduces operating costs and maintains comfort. o Obtain senior management support for the O&M in general and for energy-efficient building operation in particular. o Establish energy-efficient operation as a specific goal for
the Facilities department. Planning Require and Energy Management Plan with Energy Efficient Operations as a Key Component. o Energy Management Plan is a strategic, rational way to examine energy investment choices using data on energy use in facilities. Planning cont. Effective energy management planning focuses on:
o Purchasing clean and reliable energy at the lowest cost. o Replacing old equipment and systems with new, efficient technologies. o Operating energy consuming equipment efficiently. o Creating a written energy management plan that not only includes fuel purchasing and equipment replacement but equally emphasizes strategies for efficient building operation. o Optimizing energy cost savings by efficiently operating existing equipment and reducing inappropriate or premature capital outlay. Energy Management Plan Source: Energy Star Guidelines for Energy Management
Energy Management Plan Background Energy Management Policy Energy Management Team Energy Baseline Energy Conservation Targets No/low cost Energy Efficiency Initiatives Energy Capital Reserve Conservation Capital Projects Financial Planning and Analysis Engage Leadership and Staff Measurement and Verification Documentation Maintenance
Audit, Accounting & Reporting Provide a basic foundation for a successful Energy Management Plan: o Conduct an Energy Audit (Best Practice 10). o Provide a basis for setting realistic energy savings goals. o Record and track the progress of energy saving strategies. o Establish Energy Capital Reserve. o Indicate possible areas for improved Operations & Maintenance (O&M). o Motivate O&M staff by continually giving them feedback through monthly reports. Engaging the Organization Teamwork
Best Practices 4. Staffing 5. Training 6. Outsourcing 7. Partnerships Staffing Employ a skilled staff member whose primary focus is developing and implementing the organizations Energy Management Plan: o Hire a professional energy manager or assign the energy management function to a technically qualified staff person. o Provide adequate, up-to-date energy management training for the staff member assigned the energy management position.
o Consider obtaining memberships in organizations that specifically support energy management such as the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE) and the Association of Professional Energy Managers (APEM). o Clearly define the energy management job function along with reporting and authority guidelines. o Assign a contracting representative buddy to work with the energy manager when he or she investigates the financing options of energy efficiency and O & M projects. Training Train building operations in energy efficient practices: o Employ a confident, sophisticated, and motivated facility staff that has a clear understanding of how to operate the buildings energy-consuming systems efficiently no matter how sophisticated the technology. o Develop an individual training plan and budget for each
facility staff member using in-house resources as well as outside classes, conferences, and seminars that focus on energy-efficient building operation. o If the building uses an EMS, obtain a complete training package specific to that system for the staff responsible for operating and maintaining the system. The training could payback in a matter of weeks from energy savings and reduced comfort complaints. Training cont. Energy University is a FREE, online, educational resource, offering more than 200 vendor-neutral courses on energy efficiency and data center topics to help you identify, implement, and monitor efficiency improvements within your organization.
Outsourcing Require Service Contracts that Support Energy EfficientBuilding Operation: o Increase the quality of the service provided by the service contractor. o Increase service contractor accountability for both maintenance and efficient building operation. o Instill confidence that the service contract works to efficiently operate and maintain building equipment. o Obtain, sustain, and in some cases increase the energy savings and equipment life generated by the service contract. Partnerships Acknowledge Energy-Efficient Operations as a Cross-Functional
Activity: o Increase energy savings and equipment life by educating equipment users on how to properly operate energy consuming devices. o Reduce O and M problems and trouble calls for O and M staff. o Identify staff who operate energy consuming equipment and who influence when, why, and how the equipment is operated. Develop partnerships with these individuals regarding proper equipment operation.
o Involve these individuals in the energy management process through education. Instruct them in how to operate new equipment and give them fact sheets that put to rest misconceptions about operating equipment. o Periodically remind equipment users such as custodians, tenants, and employees to turn off equipment when not in use, especially when they leave the area for an extended period of time. o
Take advantage of meetings, company newsletter, e-mail, stickers, and other opportunities to issue these reminders. o Perform periodic night and weekend audits to discover what equipment is Partnerships cont. ENERGY STAR o Is about more than products. In fact, since 1992, EPA has also worked with organizations to help them save money and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by making their buildings and plants more energy efficient.
o Every year, theyre saving more than $9 billion and preventing nearly 120 million metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions from entering our atmosphere. Learn how ENERGY STAR can help you create a better building, a better bottom line, and a better world. Energy Star Build an energy program Guidelines for energy management The business case for energy
efficiency Financing strategies and incentives Benchmark energy use Learn about benchmarking Use ENERGY STAR tools Improve energy performance Improve commercial buildings Find guidance for design projects Manage energy use in ENERGY STAR in action Programs and policies leveraging ENERGY STAR
Green buildings and ENERGY STAR Earn recognition For your building or plant For your commercial new construction project For your organization Communicate and educate Communications toolkit The value of ENERGY STAR What others are doing Resources Best Practices
8. Energy Management Standards 9. Tools 10. Energy Audits Energy Management Standards o ISO 50001 is based on the management system model of continual improvement This international standard makes it easier for organizations to integrate energy management into their overall efforts to improve quality and environmental management. o ISO 50001:2011 provides a framework of requirements for organizations to: Develop a policy for more efficient use of energy Fix targets and objectives to meet the policy
Use data to better understand and make decisions about energy use Measure the results Review how well the policy works, and Continually improve energy management. Energy Management Standards Tools Equip O & M Staff with State-of-the Art Diagnostic Tools: o Provide O & M staff and managers with a state-of-the-art means of troubleshooting and detecting energy wasting malfunctions as well as obtaining immediate feedback on
comfort and operational changes. o Provide a method of measuring the results of discrete changes in operating strategies. Energy Audits Perform a Comprehensive Energy Audit: o Identify the most immediate and cost-effective O & M tuneup activities that will lead to efficient building operation and meet management and user needs. o Generate a master list of O & M improvements to assist management in budgeting and decision making. o Document current O & M conditions as a baseline for comparing to future improvements. Energy Efficient Operation &
Maintenance Best Practices 11. Tune Ups 12. Automated Controls 13. Scheduling 14. Tracking 15. Preventative Operation & Maintenance Career Opportunities in Energy Management Energy Management Jobs Report
Profile of Respondents 85% have graduated from a four-year accredited college 41% have a postgraduate degree from an accredited college 83% are certified in one or more of the following categories: 1. 2. 4.
Business Energy Professional Energy Manager (BEP) 2. Certified Lighting (EMIT) Efficiency
Certified Energy Professional Auditor (CEA) (CLEP) Certified 3. Certified Power Sustainable
Quality Development Professional Professional (CPQ) (CSDP) 5. 1.
Manager (CEM) in Training 3. 37% are registered Professional Engineers or Architects Certified Energy 4. Certified Building
Certified Green Commissioning Building Engineer Professional (GBE) (CBCP) Energy Manager Responsibilities:
Role: Coordinate all aspects of energy management, from reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, to waste management and sustainable development by: encouraging the use of renewable/sustainable energy resources within an organization or community; developing solutions for carbon management;
raising the profile of energy conservation. Your duties will vary depending on the setting you're working in, but in general you'll be:
developing, coordinating, and implementing strategies and policies to reduce energy consumption; Creating policies and systems for buying energy and helping with contract negotiations; Providing technical and practical advice and offering training on energy efficiency; Developing promotional activities and materials; promote particular schemes; Liaising and negotiating with contractors, the building supplies industry, council services and other relevant organizations; Keeping accurate records and regularly collecting energy monitoring data; Carrying out site inspections and energy surveys;
Benchmarking energy consumptions against best practice guidelines; Keeping up to date with legislation. Energy Manager What to expect: o In some organizations it may be an isolated job as you may be working alone. In other cases, there may be strong team support. o In general, the job is not highly stressful, although this may depend on the organization and your level of responsibility. Sometimes complex reports must be produced to strict deadlines and there are often targets that need to be met. o The dress code depends on the particular organization. It may be either smartcasual or more formal business wear. o The role involves both office and field work. Opportunities are available throughout the UK. Travel may form a large part of the role, particularly if your organization has multiple sites. Overseas travel is rare.
o Part-time work is possible as are career breaks, but you would ideally need to keep up to date with changes in legislation and initiatives. Energy Manager Certified Energy Manager (CEM) Program Objectives: o To raise the professional standards of those engaged in energy management. o
To improve the practice of energy management by encouraging energy managers in a continuing program of professional development. o To identify persons with acceptable knowledge of the principles and practices of energy management related disciplines and laws governing and affecting energy managers through completing an examination and fulfilling prescribed standards of performance and conduct. o To award special recognition to those energy managers who have
demonstrated a high level of competence and ethical fitness for energy management. Source: Certified Energy Manager (CEM), AEE, Updated 2013 Certified Energy Management The Certified Energy Manager (CEM) allows a potential employer to assess the qualifications of a candidate in a very efficient manner knowing the individual has demonstrated certain capabilities. Each CEM candidate must meet one of the following criteria: A four-year engineering degree or architecture degree. Or a Professional Engineer (PE) or Registered Architect (RA) with at least three years experience in energy engineering or
energy management. A four-year degree in environmental science, physics, or earth science management, with at least four years experience in energy engineering or energy management. A four-year business or related degree, with at least five years experience in energy engineering or energy management. A two-year technical degree, with eight years experience in energy engineering or energy
management. Ten years or more verified experience in energy engineering or energy management. Questions? Email: [email protected] Thank You for Joining Us! US Energy Policy: Results and Trends HVDC and FACTS Devices: Future of Power Systems Energy Management Best Practices and Career Opportunities
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