Digital Storytelling Digital stories in the classroom New

Digital Storytelling Digital stories in the classroom New Media Pathways to Literacy, Learning, & (Corwin Press, August, 2007) Creativity www.jasonOhler.com/storytelling William Tell and the Young Girl Who Could Fix Computers Digital Storytelling

Story Core Problem (tension) Story Transformation Solution (resolution) Digital Storytelling Story Core Digital Storytelling Transformation

Digital Storytelling Nature of transformation? Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation 1. Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2. Inner strength - courage, realizing potential Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation 1. Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2. Inner strength - courage, realizing potential 3. Emotional - maturity, realization 4. Moral - conscience, realizing right

Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation 1. Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2. Inner strength - courage, realizing potential 3. Emotional - maturity, realization 4. Moral - conscience, realizing right 5. Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation 6. Social - realizing responsibility Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation 1. Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2. Inner strength - courage, realizing potential 3. Emotional - maturity, realization

4. Moral - conscience, realizing right 5. Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation 6. Social - realizing responsibility 7. Intellectual/creative - learning, problem solving, critical thinking, realizing new understandings 8. Spiritual - awakening, revelation Digital Storytelling 8 Levels of character transformation 1. Physical/kinesthetic - strength, dexterity, realizing potential 2. Inner strength - courage, realizing potential 3. Emotional - maturity, realization 4. Moral - conscience, realizing right 5. Psychological - insight, self-awareness, realization, revelation 6. Social - realizing responsibility 7. Intellectual/creative - learning, problem

solving, critical thinking, realizing new understandings 8. Spiritual - awakening, revelation Digital Storytelling Blooms taxonomy as transformation Level Kind Explanation #6 Evaluation Character assesses situation, critiques and/or defends idea, person; evaluates a situation in order to respond to it

#5 Synthesis Character pieces together parts to form new understanding of situation #4 Analysis Character deconstructs a situation, distinguishes among options, plans or organizes something, compares and contrasts different things #3 Application Character discovers, constructs or

changes something; applies understanding to a new situation #2 Comprehension Character explains, interprets, predicts something #1 Knowledge Character knows, remembers, describes something Digital Storytelling Todays plan:

1. Tell, watch stories some 2. Story core, story map 3. You create a story map 4. Peer pitch it 5. Develop media lists 6. Assessment 7. DST talking points Digital Storytelling Watch, discuss: Rolling ball Hannah Piano Good dad Life w/o air travel Digital Storytelling

Story Core for learningthe quest story becomes the question story Inquiry Discover y - Learning - Digital Storytelling Make students heroes of their own learning stories Digital Storytelling

Watch, discuss: Rolling ball Hannah Piano Good dad Life w/o air travel Digital Storytelling Story Core Digital Storytelling Watch, discuss: Rolling ball Hannah Piano Good dad

Life w/o air travel Digital Storytelling Story Core Digital Storytelling Watch, discuss: Rolling ball Hannah Piano Good dad Life w/o air travel Digital Storytelling

Story Core Digital Storytelling Watch, discuss: Rolling ball Hannah Piano Good dad Life w/o air travel Digital Storytelling Story Core Digital Storytelling

Putting story core to work: Story mapping Digital Storytelling Traditional story planning process 1. Get a story idea 2. Develop storyboard or outline and script Digital Storytelling Traditional story boarding Technical direction Angle: Shot:

Movement: Audio: Technical direction Angle: Shot: Movement: Audio: Digital Storytelling Story board for We Wont Leave School Technical direction None - ambient happy school bus noise Angle: wide Shot: side of bus, going to school

Movement: follow bus Audio: music (Born to Learn) Teacher at door, greeting each child as they enter Technical direction Angle: wide, zoom in Shot: front of school, students entering Movement: stationary Audio: music, cont. Digital Storytelling Story board for We Wont Leave School Technical direction None - voice over with

ambient happy school, bus noise Angle: wide Shot: side of bus, going to school Movement: follow bus Audio: music (Born to Learn) Script, voice over narration: Teacher at door, greeting each child as they enter Once upon a time there were children so in love with school they refused to leave when summer vacation came. They demanded to keep learning. More math problems! they cried. http://www.csupomona.edu/~wcweber/325/storybd.htm Digital

Storytelling Traditional story planning process 1. Get a story idea 2. Develop storyboard or outline and script Digital Storytelling Traditional story planning process 1. Get a story idea NO! 2. Develop storyboard or outline and script Digital Storytelling

New story planning process 1. Get a story idea 2. Develop story map 3. Develop storyboard or outline and script New! Digital Storytelling Key concept: Story mapping vs. boarding VS. New! : the flow of emotion vs. the flow of motion

Digital Storytelling VPS + transformation = quest Problem (tension) Beginning Solution (resolution) Transformation (Dillingham, 2003; modified Ohler 2005) End Digital Storytelling Story Core

Digital Storytelling Story Core within the story map Problem (tension) Story Beginning Transformation (Ohler, 2005) Solution (resolution) End Digital

Storytelling Story Map - challenge - opportunity - obstacle - goal Problem (tension) Story the call to adventure closure Life resumes Ordinary life

Beginning Solution (resolution) - meet challenge - realize opportunity - overcome obstacle - reach goal Transformation (Ohler, 2005) End Digital Storytelling

Story Map - challenge - opportunity - obstacle - goal Problem (tension) Solution (resolution) the call to adventure closure Life resumes Ordinary life

Beginning - meet challenge - realize opportunity - overcome obstacle - reach goal Transformation (Ohler, 2005) End Digital Storytelling Story Map (VPS)

(Dillingham, 2003, with Transformation (Ohler, 2005) Digital Storytelling Fox Bec Eve , F Fox s hel e Fox tires life to help and frien

the a bett to chang hard e Fox So Al Fox take Cu alu others, l tha a ... scoote Ala

bee pre Fox w Fox is m wit will ne alienates to hav around h Beginnin Chan E Visual Portrait of Story (VPS) - the quest

(Dillingham, 2003; modified, Ohler 2005) Digital Storytelling Many maps Digital Storytelling Aristotle - - Middle - peripeteia (reversal of fortune) complication Beginning tying of the knot

anagnorisis (transformation, realization) untying End (denouement) Aristotle - Story Map/Diagram From THE POETICS by Aristotle Digital Storytelling Freytags story pyramid Inciting incident Resolution

("untying the knot) From DIE TECHNIK DES DRAMAS by Freytag, 1863 Digital Storytelling Joseph Campbell call to adventure tests moral, lessons learned, changed habits rescue threshold of adventure

challenges resolution transformation problems resurrection flight helpers From HERO HAS A THOUSAND FACES by Campbell Digital Storytelling Breneman Minor climaxes Quick ending

after climax From ONCE UPON A TIME - A STORYTELLING BOOK by Breneman and Breneman Digital Storytelling McKee Bringing life back into balance watch Adaptation From STORY by McKee Digital Storytelling Treasure map smoother change sharp change

reversal steep resolution medium gradual rise to adventure start here smaller conflict end here relatively more significant conflict

Less structure, more adaptable begin here or evolve into this approach? Digital Storytelling Adapt-a-map by Michael Christenson, Media Literacy class, 2005 Digital Storytelling From maps to media development process Digital Storytelling

Story planning MEDIA PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production Postproduction - Performance, distribution ideas make finish mix, add showing in media list creating, transitions, class,

story editing community titles storming gather media add credits Web posting raw media story map component components & citations local TV? (voice-over, peer s music, pics, final review local pitching begin video, scans, final editing festival? scripting, editing etc.) export final DVD?

writing raw media assemble product into notifying component storymedia into boarding s& creating final product readable others format new ones telling/re formative telling review Digital Storytelling Story planning

MEDIA PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production Postproduction - Performance, distribution ideas make finish mix, add showing in media list creating, transitions, class, story editing community

titles storming gather media add credits Web posting raw media story map component components & citations local TV? (voice-over, peer s music, pics, final review local pitching begin video, scans, final editing festival? scripting, editing etc.) export final DVD? writing raw media assemble

product into notifying component storymedia into boarding s& creating final product readable others format new ones telling/re formative telling review Digital Storytelling Story planning MEDIA PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production

Postproduction - Performance, distribution ideas make finish mix, add showing in media list creating, transitions, class, story editing community titles storming gather media

add credits Web posting raw media story map component components & citations local TV? (voice-over, peer s music, pics, final review local pitching begin video, scans, final editing festival? scripting, editing etc.) export final DVD? writing raw media assemble product into notifying component storymedia

into boarding s& creating final product readable others format new ones telling/re formative telling review Digital Storytelling Story planning MEDIA PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production Postproduction -

Performance, distribution ideas make finish mix, add showing in media list creating, transitions, class, story editing community titles storming gather media add credits Web posting raw media

story map component components & citations local TV? (voice-over, peer s music, pics, final review local pitching begin video, scans, final editing festival? scripting, editing etc.) export final DVD? writing raw media assemble product into notifying component storymedia into boarding s& creating final product readable others

format new ones telling/re formative telling review Digital Storytelling Story planning MEDIA PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production Postproduction - Performance, distribution

ideas make finish mix, add showing in media list creating, transitions, class, story editing community titles storming gather media add credits Web posting raw media story map component components & citations local TV? (voice-over,

peer s music, pics, final review local pitching begin video, scans, final editing festival? scripting, editing etc.) export final DVD? writing raw media assemble product into notifying component storymedia into boarding s& creating final product readable others format new ones telling/re formative

telling review Digital Storytelling Story planning MEDIA PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production Postproduction - Performance, distribution ideas make

finish mix, add showing in media list creating, transitions, class, story editing community titles storming gather media add credits Web posting raw media story map component components & citations local TV? (voice-over, peer s music, pics, final review local

pitching begin video, scans, final editing festival? scripting, editing etc.) export final DVD? writing raw media assemble product into notifying component storymedia into boarding s& creating final product readable others format new ones telling/re formative telling review

Digital Storytelling Cake planning ideas CAKE PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production make ingredients brainlist storm gather, buy decide ingredients on cake begin get making

recipe, directions cake component s finish components (dough, frosting, etc.) taste test Postproduction frost - Performance, distribution cut the cake

decorate distribute, add candles share seconds credits, citations for anyone? those who take assemble helped leftovers to cake into work final product share recipe bake, let cool Digital Storytelling Story planning

MEDIA PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production Postproduction - Performance, distribution ideas make finish mix, add showing in media list creating, transitions, class, story editing

community titles storming gather media add credits Web posting raw media story map component components & citations local TV? (voice-over, peer s music, pics, final review local pitching begin video, scans, final editing festival? scripting, editing etc.) export final DVD? writing raw media

assemble product into notifying component storymedia into boarding s& creating final product readable others format new ones telling/re formative telling review Digital Storytelling Story planning MEDIA PRODUCTION PROCESS Preproduction Production

Postproduction - Performance, distribution ideas make finish mix, add showing in 3 media list creating, transitions, class, story editing community titles storming gather

media add credits Web posting raw media story map 1 component components & citations local TV? (voice-over, peer s music, pics, final review local 2 pitching begin video, scans, final editing festival? scripting, editing etc.) export final DVD? writing raw media

assemble product into notifying component storymedia into boarding s& creating final product readable others format new ones telling/re formative telling review TODAY Digital Storytelling Narrative development process

Digital Storytelling Digital story telling thinkpoints Whats it all about? Digital Storytelling DST Thinkpoints: Backwards design DAOW of literacy Combine story, critical thinking Assess everything Rule of 80/20 Digital

Storytelling Start your story anywhere Opportunities or challenges for your students? Start here - challenge - opportunity - obstacle - goal Problem (tension) I rarely start here Ordinary life Beginning Middle

(conflict, growth) Problem/ resolution scenario you want to flesh out? Start here Solution (resolution) Build story around a key transformation you want to illustrate Transformation? closure Life resumes

Do you have a moral you want students to understand? Start here and work backwards (Dillingham, 2003; modified, Ohler 2005) - meet challenge - realize opportunity - overcome obstacle - reach goal End Digital Storytelling DST Thinkpoints:

Backwards design DAOW of literacy Combine story, critical thinking Assess everything Rule of 80/20 Digital Storytelling DAOW of literacy Digital storytelling blends a number of literacies Including MEDIA LITERACY (4thR)

Digital Storytelling DST Thinkpoints: Backwards design DAOW of literacy Combine story, critical thinking Assess everything Rule of 80/20 Digital Storytelling Two kinds of thinking Story thinking vs. Analytic thinking

VS. Report/ Documentary Story Where? ? Digital Storytelling New frontier Story thinking + Analytic thinking + = new pedagogies

Digital Storytelling DST Thinkpoints: Backwards design DAOW of literacy Combine story, critical thinking Assess everything Rule of 80/20 Digital Storytelling Assessment Story on the digital stage is just tip of artifact/assessment iceberg Beneath story: storyboards, story maps, scripts,

photos, footage, music, logs, media lists, narratives, treatmentslots of writing under the radarif it aint on the page Digital Storytelling Assessment Reason teachers dont require more new media projects from students?? Not comfortable assessing new media So, lets help them Role of media grammar in new media Digital Storytelling

Digital story rubric 1. Story 2. Voice 3. Length, pacing, economy 4. Media use 5. Technique, media grammar 6. Assessable artifacts 7. Citations Digital Storytelling DST Thinkpoints: Backwards design DAOW of literacy Combine story, critical thinking Assess everything Rule of 80/20

last 80% Rule of 80/20 glitz, fixing every little thing 20% - costs, resources - Digital Storytelling the production wall Hitting the production wall

Last First 80% - project completion - 20% last 80% Rule of 80/20 My advice? Forget the last 20%!!! 20% - costs, resources - Digital Storytelling

Last First 80% - project completion - 20% Digital Storytelling Media grammar www.jasonOhler.com Digital Storytelling Media grammar-video Steady camera

Clear audio (ear squinting?) Well-mixed audio Clear, effective lighting (eye squinting?) Subject-oriented shot Relevant background Unless on purpose! Digital Storytelling Media grammar Bump Squint? (eyes, ear, mind) Confused or distracted? Story clear, supported, not overwhelmed Use of music (show three music movies) Digital

Storytelling Go tell your story! Thank you www.jasonOhler.com Digital Storytelling Go tell your story! Thank you www.jasonOhler.com

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