RECN 110 Lecture 4: Sport provision Today The

RECN 110 Lecture 4: Sport provision Today  The

RECN 110 Lecture 4: Sport provision Today The sport and recreation workforce The major organisations in NZ sport Exercise 1: Swimming pools Exercise 2: Non-profit vs commercial Quick summary of the sport and recreation workforce Activeskills Workforce scan 2016. Retrieved from: Scan/2017V3WorkForce_Scan_For_web.pdf Where are the jobs? Area Number of NZs employed 2015 Fitness and exercise 6,636 Sport and community recreation 31,979

Outdoor recreation 10,379 Snow sports 3,500 Performing arts 25,355 Source: Activeskills Workforce scan 2016. Retrieved from:

Sport in NZ PUBLIC SECTOR: GOVERNMENT Physical Education Medical care RSTs NSOs Sports facilities Sponsorship Clubs

International sports federations Athletes Associations Professional sports leagues Media Clothing and sports equipment retailers Fitness firms NOT FOR PROFIT: VOLUNTARY SECTOR COMMERCIAL SECTOR

Sport and the public sector (Collins 2007) Pre-1970s: No govt involvement, perceived as interference 1980s-90s: 3 separate organisations with different goals, limited govt involvement 2002 onwards: Creation of SPARC (now Sport NZ), a one stop shop, greater govt involvement Sport NZs goals: ng-towards/ Strategic leader, reliant on partners to run programmes Funding As noted last week, Sport NZ receives government and

lottery funding. They then distribute this money: Similarly, local government also runs programmes and provides grants. Sport NZ 2016 Annual Report. Retrieved from: HP Sport New Zealand who gets what! Before we look, take a guess: 1. Which 4 Olympic sports receive the highest levels of funding? (These are sports with the chance to win multiple golds in 2020). 2. Which 5 Olympic sports have received large funding cuts as a

result of their performances in Rio? Full details can be found here: http:// 17.pdf Not for Profit Provision in Sport Clubs e.g. soccer, netball, petanque, surf lifesaving, Scottish country dancing, Kapa Haka, walking National Sport or Recreation Organisations e.g. Rowing New Zealand, Bike NZ, NZ Olympic Committee, YMCA, Guides New Zealand Regional Sports Trusts

Professional/ advocacy groups e.g NZ Recreation Association (NZRA), PENZ (Physical Education NZ), Fitness New Zealand, Outdoors NNZ. Sports clubs in New Zealand How many people have been a member of sports club? The traditional delivery mechanism for sport in NZ Usually made up of members (players/athletes), parents, coaches, umpires/referees/judges, administrators Traditionally administrators (a committee) have been volunteers, but there is increasing pressure to professionalise and pay staff There is also pressure to use a formal Board/Management structure as used in commercial business

Tools to upskill clubs: Regional Sports Trusts (RSTs) Are autonomous, not for profit organisations There are 17 Sports Trusts covering the different regions in NZ e.g. Tasman, Counties Manukau, and Wellington Region. Each governed by a Board of Trustees Trusts are a unique feature of NZs sporting organisation (other countries dont have them though England is developing something similar) Deliver regional services to support sport and physical recreation, including services for Sport NZ e.g.: Club development (courses and support for club administrators) Coach support and education Physical activity promotion through a variety of programmes (Green Prescription, active movement,

Push Play) RSTs are not involved in high performance sport programmes, apart from Pathway to Podium Role of National Sporting Organisations (NSOs) Examples: NZ Cricket, NZRU, Gymsports NZ etc. All structured differently and do different things, but most do the following: Set the strategic direction of their sport Facilitate:

Sport development Talent development Elite performance Capability (regional, district or club) development Funding, sponsorship marketing at national level Stakeholder management Liaison with international and regional bodies Competition coordination Eg organising national championships

IFs (International Federations) vs NSOs IFs (FIFA, IAAF etc) Set rules of their sport for elite competitions eg World Championships Organise international elite competitions together with hosts Liaise with IOC regarding Olympic rules and regs NSOs Ensure umpires/referees/judges are accredited

Adapt these rules for national competitions Organise national competitions, or if hosting an elite international, work with IF to host (provide workers and volunteers) Liaise with NZOC to select Olympic team NZ Olympic Committee Selects Olympic team Ensures NZ meets IOCs requirements Other programmes to ensure equal opportunities Advertises/promotes Olympic sport in NZ

The NZOC won the IOC World Trophy for Women in Sport for 2015: https:// What NZ sporting organization has recently attracted attention for its poor record with women and gender balance, appointing its first female Board member in 2017? It even made international news: Commercial Sector Equipment and clothing manufacturers and retailers Facility providers (swimming pools, fitness centres, rock climbing walls, indoor cricket and netball) Service providers (personal trainers, swim coaches, dance

schools) Information providers e.g. print and broadcast media, website owners Eg. Image: Forseth,L. (2015). Urinal. Retrieved from, licensed under Creative Commons (CC0) Example: Swimming pools Local government vs Private enterprise Since the earthquakes of 2011, there have been no indoor 50m pools in Christchurch (one is under construction). There are only 4 indoor pools currently in Chch, open to the

public. 2016 Olympic Swimming Pool By, CC BY 3.0 br, Swimming pools in Chch, retrieved from Current indoor swimming pools Proposed site of a new swimming pool Swimming pools Swimming pools rarely make a profit for government. The local government is careful how many pools it builds. The local government has undertaken needs analyses and knows that there are enough pools in Christchurch to meet the demands of the people who use them.

But a billionaire comes along and offers to fund and build a 50m indoor pool, which Chch doesnt have yet. For the billionaire to build a pool, he has to get permission from the Chch City Council. Talk in groups of 2 or 3 about: 1. Should the local government (Chch City Council) agree to allow the billionaire to build the pool or not? 2. Why or why not? 3. What effect might a new private pool have on their own pools and does the effect matter?

The differences between non-profit and commercial sport for participants 1. Work in groups of about 3 2. Choose one non-profit sport that is played in the traditional club way eg netball, cricket, rugby, gymnastics 3. Choose one commercial recreational activity/centre eg Howzat, tenpin bowling, skiing/snowboarding 4. Write down as many differences you can think of (or feel free to google) between the two. Please write down at least 5. You might want to think about: How much does it cost to participate? Who do you participating with? How are teams chosen (if they are)? Are there opportunities for representation? Is there any formal coaching/instruction, and by who?

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