Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent CHAPTER 3 SECTION

Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent CHAPTER 3 SECTION

Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent CHAPTER 3 SECTION 3- SUMERIAN ACHIEVEMENTS Section 3Sumerian Achievements The Big Idea The Sumerians made many advances that helped their society develop. Main Ideas The Sumerians invented the worlds first writing system. Advances and inventions changed Sumerian lives. Many types of art developed in Sumer.

Main Idea 1: The Sumerians invented the worlds first writing system. The cuneiform system involved the use of sharp tools called styluses. The Sumerians first used cuneiform to keep business records. The Sumerians also used their writing skills to write books about history, poems, and math.

Invention of Writing Cuneiform Worlds first system of writing Cuneiform symbols could represent syllables. Earlier pictographs had represented only objects. The Sumerians wrote on clay tablets with a stylus.

Scribes Writers Kept track of items people traded and wrote down government records Scribes could move up in social class. Other Uses Wrote works of

literature, stories, proverbs, and songs Wrote poems about the gods and military victories. Created epics, long poems that tell the stories of heroes. Gilgamesh

An early Sumerian mythical hero. What made him a hero was that he was part god and part man. Development of Writing Main Idea 2: Advances and inventions changed Sumerian lives. Development of the wheel Used for carts and wagons Potters wheel The plow increased farm production.

Sewers under city streets Math and science Number system based on 60 Names of animals, plants, and minerals Used medicines for healing and catalogued medical knowledge The first wheeled vehicle. Main Idea 3:

Many types of art developed in Sumer. Architecture Rulers lived in large palaces. Most Sumerians lived in houses with many rooms around a small courtyard.

Mud bricks were the houses main building blocks. A ziggurat, or pyramidshaped temple tower, rose above each city. The Arts Sculptors produced many statues of the gods for their temples.

Jewelry was a popular item made from imported gold, silver, and gems. Engraved cylinder seals are one of Sumers most famous types of art. Battle scenes Show ownership Highly decorative

Built by King Ur-Nammu, the greatest of the Sumerian ziggurats. Sumerian Achievements Video: Sumerian Achievements Click window above to start playing.

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