Industrial Psychology Presented By Faramarz Gharagozlou Occupational hygienist

Industrial Psychology Presented By Faramarz Gharagozlou Occupational hygienist

Industrial Psychology Presented By Faramarz Gharagozlou Occupational hygienist : .

. 40 . : :

. . :

. .

( - ) ( :)Plato

. ( ) Aristotle . . 200 ( )Galien ( )Hippocrates . 1700 ( ) ( :)Descartes . .

Early Researchers Slide # 6 Wilhelm Wundt (18321920) He used introspection as a research technique Wundts lab Edward Titchener (18671927) Structuralism (an early school of

psychology) The mind is structured by breaking down mental experiences into their components G. Stanley Hall, American Psychological Association William James and Functionalism The school of psychology that focuses on the adaptive functions of

behavior The study of why we do what we do The influence of Darwin John Watson Behaviorismthe study of overt behavior He rejected introspection Psychology should become a science of behavior Environment molds the behavior

of us all B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) Behaviorism gets a boost from Skinner Behavior is shaped by rewards and punishment Gestalt Psychology Max Wertheimer Gestalt studies the ways in which the brain organizes

and structures our perceptions The whole is greater than the sum of its parts Sigmund Freud The unconscious mind We do and say things without understanding our motives :

( )Psychology ( )Psyche ( )Logos . . .

. : : . : . :

: . : . : (

)... . : ( :)Development Psychology . ( :)Child Psychology . ( :)Adolescent Psychology ( 12-20) . ( :)Learning Psychology .

( :)Social Psychology : ( :)Experimental Psychology . (:)Animal Psychology . ()Abnormal Psychology ()Psychopathology

()Industrial Psychology ()Individual Psychology ()Criminal Psychology ()Juridical Psychology (Exceptional Children :

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Work behavior . . . .

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( ) Self-actualizing man . () Maslow .

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. Important Dates in the Evolution of I-O Psychology Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

43 -1 . -2 ( )Walter Dill Scott ( )Hugo Munsterberg . .

. -3 ( ) . -4 ( ) Hawthorne

. -5 1930 . -6 .

-7 ( ) Kurt Lewin . - 8 . 1940 1950

( ) Work & Industrial Psychology . - 9 . . . .

.

. . . ( )Job duty . .

. ( ). -1 (Mechanical )ability -(Psychomotor

) ability . -2 -3 (

). -4 ( -1 . -2 .

. -1 ()Observation -2 ()Experimental -3 ()Clinical -4 (.)Survey Method

. ( ) . ( )INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES .

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: -1() Heredity -2() Environment

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Bills : Thank You

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