The Dawn of Theatre Part 1 (Primitive Societies & the Ancient Greeks) Theatre of Primitive Societies Dance ceremonies (initiation, war, story, religious) Tribal traditions Religious dances performed by shamans in front of temples Believed to drive away evil spirits Rituals (rites of passage, etc.) Todays Evidence
Yakama Tribe in Bonneville Native American soldiers before Iraq War Ancient Greek Theatre The Classic/Golden Age (500-400 B.C.) Began as religious rites Mainly revolved around 4 public celebrations Held in vineyards Dithryambs Vocal contests (choral groups) Plato & Aristotle vs. Todays Critics
City of Dionysia A celebration in honor of Dionysus, the god of wine & fertility Held in Athens Annual event in March Festival of Tragedies Lasted 5-6 days National & Religious Religious procession Huge participation City officials tickets City of Dionysia The Playwriting Contest: Final 3 days of festival 1 Dramatist per day 3 tragedies
1 satire- always last; meant to lighten the mood Spoils of the Winner: Bragging rights for playwright and his choregus (financial backer) for an entire year Ivy garland City of Dionysia Thespis: first tragedian winner of playwriting contest in 534 B.C. Added a leader to the chorus Chorus responded in chants First to use masks
Thespian- actor The Greek Actor Drama was rhetorical Separation between audience and actors The Greek Actor Broad gestures and dramatically booming vocal style Cothurnus- thick soled shoes Onkus- high headpiece The Greek Actor Costumes Tunics (belted & draped over shoulder), short cloaks
Elaborate Colorful Masks Symbolized station in life, character, and emotion Megaphone qualities Special Effects Drums: thunder Deaths committed offstage; bodies shown onstage Deus ex Machina The Greek Theatre Amphitheatre structure Built on sloping hill Semicircles of tiers Stone benches
Could hold up to 20,000 1st row designated for dignitaries The Greek Theatre Skene- an area behind the orchestra where actors performed costume changes Parados- entry/exit ways for the chorus to the left and right of the skene
OrchestraThe designated area for the actors to perform at the foot of the hill Theatron- the area designated for the audience. Semicircle full of rows of stone benches Tragedians Father of Tragedy Rumored that theatrical career was ordained by a god Won City of Dionysia 13 times Accreditation Second actor Invention of the trilogy
Reduced chorus from 50 to 12 Rumored death by eagle Wrote 90 plays; 7 survived Loved spectacle Ex. Prometheus falling from cliff & terrifying Fury masks Aeschylus (525-456 B.C.) Oresteia trilogy Agamemnon, Choephori, Eumenides Tragedians Thought to be handsome and well-educated Jack of all trades- musician, singer, politician & athlete Treasurer of Athens Won 18 Dionysia festivals
Beat Aeschylus in his 1st victory Incorporated 3 actors and increased the chorus from 12 to 15 Wrote more than 100 plays Sophocles (496-406 B.C.) Beautiful language, well-balanced plot, thorough character development Ex. Electra, Oedipus Rex, & Antigone Tragedians Boxer and painter Preferred a literary life Big fan of meditation Preferred location: cave overlooking
the sea Questioned traditional religious ideas Plays focused on psychological and social motivations Plight of women Outsiders First to humanize drama Normal, household details that appealed to emotions Ex. Medea Euripides (480-406 B.C.) Had a lack of success while alive Alienated (Macedonia)
Aristophanes (satirist) Welcome to Greekbook Create a Greekbook profile for the tragedian assigned to your group on a poster. You must use your notes to infer what type of person he was in real life. Include the following on his Greekbook page: >His Likes >His Dislikes >Home City >Occupation >Groups he might be in>Pages he might like >Some of his favorite modern day movies, T.V. shows, and/or quotes Playwright Comic Book
Create a comic strip about a ONE of the Greek playwrights discussed on pages 406-408. Must Haves: Touch on key events that happened to this playwright 10 comic boxes Playwrights personality traits Most popular plays (what is he known for today?) Important people in his life (Ex. Friends, competitors, Choregus, etc.)
Playwright Rap Create a rap about ONE of the Greek playwrights discussed on pages 406408. Must Haves: Touch on key events that happened to this playwright 10 lines Playwrights personality traits Most popular plays (what is he known for today?) Important people in his life (Ex. Friends, competitors,
Choregus, etc.) Exhibit Create an exhibit for a Hernando Drama History Museum based on the components of a Ancient Greek Theatre. Must Haves: Emphasize key parts of a Greek theatre. Interactive Element Drawn Diagram of a Greek theatre
Include details (Ex. Capacity, shape, location, etc.) Important people that come and events that take place there. (Ex. Playwrights, Choregus, Festival of Tragedies etc.) Greek Theatre Tour Guide Improv Lead a tour of the designated areas of the classroom that represent the parts of a Greek theatre covered on pages 402-404. Must Haves: Tour Brochure (1 piece of paper folded 3x)
Front picture Location (Name of theatre, where is it located, etc.) Events held there (Festival of Tragedies, etc.) & Famous people who have been there (Playwrights, Choregus, etc.) Each group member must present a specific part of the theatre GreekTV Playwright Press Conference Write and perform a script for a press conference for one of the Greek playwrights discussed on pgs. 406-408. Must Haves: 10 questions Touch on key life events, key people in his life, major plays he
is known for, personality traits Must assign 2 people to play the reporters, 1 person to play the playwright, 1 person to play the playwrights assistant. Perform scripted press conference Greek Theatre Recap Demonstrat e the vocal level and gestures of a Greek actor. What was the name of Greek festival held in
March dedicated to the god Dionysus? What was another name for it? Name one practice in primitive societies that drama possibly resulted from. Who was the more introverted
tragedian on the Grecian theatre scene? What was Thespiss role in theatrical history?
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