Many antibiotics that are used to kill bacteria

Many antibiotics that are used to kill bacteria

Many antibiotics that are used to kill bacteria which make us sick work because they interfere with the ability of bacterial ribosomes to make proteins. Use what you know about classification to EXPLAIN WHY these antibiotics dont kill fungi. WHY cant doctors use medicines that affect fungal ribosomes to treat athletes foot fungus in humans?

Use what you know about classification to EXPLAIN WHY these antibiotics dont kill fungi. Organisms are classified into DOMAINS by the type of ribosomal RNA they have: Eubacteria (DOMAIN: Bacteria) Fungi (DOMAIN: Eukarya) Fungi and bacteria have different ribosomes so antibiotics that target bacterial ribosomes dont work on Eukaryotic

ribosomes. WHY cant doctors use medicines that affect fungal ribosomes to treat athletes foot fungus in humans? Humans and fungi are both in the same DOMAIN (Eukarya). They have the same kind of ribosomes so medicines that target fungal ribosomes would also affect the person taking Approximately 70% of the atmosphere is made up of nitrogen (N2) gas, but the majority of organisms on

the planet can NOT take this gas in and break it down. 1. EXPLAIN how nitrogen gas enters the food chains in ecosystems. 2. How do humans get the nitrogen they need? 3. Give examples (3) of some molecules your body needs nitrogen to make. Image from: http://www.habitatkokomo.com/wordpress1/recycle/

Image from: http://www.habitatkokomo.com/wordpress1/recycle/ 1. EXPLAIN how nitrogen gas enters the food chains in ecosystems. Nitrogen fixing bacteria that live symbiotically with the roots of legumes (peas, alfalfa, soybeans. . .) have enzymes to change N2 gas into ammonia in soil. Other soil bacteria can change ammonia into nitrates/nitrites. 2. How do humans get the nitrogen they need?

Plants can take up these forms of nitrogen and use it to make their molecules (see below). Heterotrophs (like humans) get their nitrogen FROM EATING plants or other heterotrophs. 3. Give examples (3) of some molecules your body needs nitrogen to make. Proteins (amino group), DNA & RNA (nitrogen bases), ATP Explain how coupling G reactions to reactions that have a + G allow life to exist.

Hormone signal molecules interact with the surface of their cell targets in in TWO different ways, depending on whether the hormone molecule is hydrophilic or hydrophobic. EXPLAIN these mechanisms and give an example of each. Hormone signal molecules interact with the surface

of their cell targets in in TWO different ways, depending on whether the hormone molecule is hydrophilic or hydrophobic. EXPLAIN these mechanisms and give an example of each. An important cause of the deterioration of flavor, texture, and vitamin content of frozen fruits and vegetables during storage is the action of hydrolytic

enzymes released from vacuoles of the cells. Blanching (a quick dip in boiling water) prior to freezing improves the keeping qualities of produce. EXPLAIN WHY blanching works. Image from: http://ec.l.thumbs.canstockphoto.com/canstock5880066.jpg An important cause of the deterioration of flavor, texture, and vitamin content of frozen fruits and vegetables during

storage is the action of hydrolytic enzymes released from vacuoles of the cells. Blanching (a quick dip in boiling water) prior to freezing improves the keeping qualities of produce. EXPLAIN WHY blanching works. Heating denatures proteins (enzymes) making them lose function so blanching makes the hydrolytic enzymes that break down the foods inactive. Image from: http://ec.l.thumbs.canstockphoto.com/canstock5880066.jpg

STRUCTURE ~ FUNCTION Which fatty acid tail is unsaturated? How can you tell? What is the relationship between unsaturated fatty acids in cell membranes and membrane fluidity in organisms that live in cold environments?

SP 7: The student is able to connect and relate knowledge across various scales, concepts, and representations in and across domains. Image from: http://bioweb.wku.edu/courses/BIOL115/wyatt/Biochem/Lipid/P-lipid.gif STRUCTURE ~ FUNCTION Which fatty acid tail is unsaturated? How can you tell? What is the relationship between

unsaturated fatty acids in cell membranes and membrane fluidity in organisms that live in cold environments? SP 7: The student is able to connect and relate knowledge across various scales, concepts, and representations in and across domains. Image from: http://bioweb.wku.edu/courses/BIOL115/wyatt/Biochem/Lipid/P-lipid.gif

Draw a diagram of a typical biological membrane including the lipid bilayer and both integral and peripheral proteins. Label your diagram and give an example of an integral and a peripheral protein you learned about. Draw a diagram of a typical biological membrane including the lipid bilayer and both integral and peripheral proteins.

Label your diagram and give an example of an integral and a peripheral protein you learned about. Explain why NADH makes more ATP than FADH2 when electrons are passed to the ETC during cellular respiration. Image from: http://study.com/cimages/multimages/16/Electron_Transport_Mitochondrion.png

Explain why NADH makes more ATP than FADH2 when electrons are passed to the ETC during cellular respiration. NADH drops its electrons at beginning of ETC so as electrons pass down ETC 3 proton pumps move H+ ions into the intermembrane space = 3 ATP when they return through ATP synthase. FADH2 drops its electrons farther down ETC

skipping the 1st proton pump so less H+ moved = Image from: http://study.com/cimages/multimages/16/Electron_Transport_Mitochondrion.png asfa asfa sdfgsdf

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