Why introduce Subject-Based Banding? To recognise the different

Why introduce Subject-Based Banding? To recognise the different

Why introduce Subject-Based Banding? To recognise the different abilities of students Provide more flexibility in subject combinations for students with strengths and abilities that vary across subjects 1 What Subject-Based Banding means for your child Greater flexibility in subject combinations Your child has the choice to take a combination of standard and foundation subjects, depending on his strengths 2 What are the choices available?

If your child (for P4 Exam) Your child may be recommended to take Passes all 4 subjects and performs very well in MTL Passes all 4 subjects 4 standard subjects + Higher Mother Tongue Language Passes 3 subjects 4 standard subjects Passes 2 subjects or less 4 standard subjects; or

4 standard subjects 3 standard subjects + 1 other foundation subject; or 2 standard subjects+ 2 other foundation subjects; or 1 standard subject + 3 other foundation subjects; or 4 foundation subjects 3 How does Subject-Based Banding Work? [At P4] School recommends subject combination, based on P4 exam results. Parents indicate preferred combination. [At P5] Student takes subject combination chosen by parents 4

How does Subject-Based Banding Work? [End of P5] Student who takes standard subjects and has difficulty coping All other students School may allow him to take 1 or more subjects at Foundation level in P6 School will allow them to continue the same subject combination in P6 [At P6] Student takes subject combination decided by school [End of P6] Student sits for Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE)

5 Subject-based Banding and Secondary School admission Progression to secondary level depends on PSLE Score. The scoring system is not new Different expectations of standard and foundation subjects will be taken into account when the PSLE score is calculated Offering weaker subjects at foundation level is not a disadvantage. Your child will be able to focus on building up strong fundamentals in the weaker subjects 6 UPDATES ON PSLE SCORING & S1 POSTING FROM 2021 ITS PART OF

A BIGGER STORY 2019 BRIEFING FOR P4 PARENTS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, COMMUNICATION AND ENGAGEMENT GROUP, 2019 OVERVIEW RE-CAP FROM 2016 How PSLE Scoring Works How S1 Posting Works [New] 2019 FAMILIARISING STUDENTS AND PARENTS WITH THE NEW SYSTEM AND GUIDING THEM IN MAKING SUBJECT CHOICES Presentation of results in Achievement Levels Scoring for Foundation Subjects Eligibility for Higher Mother Tongue Language (HMTL) in Secondary Schools

Indicative AL Cut-Off Points (COPs) 3 THE PSLE CHANGES ARE PART OF A BIGGER STORY Over the years, we have been fine-tuning the education system to help our students discover and develop their strengths and interests, while moving away from an over-emphasis on academic results. Our PSLE scoring changes aim to: Reduce fine differentiation at a young age Recognise students level of achievement, regardless of how their peers have done 9 Recap from 2016 HOW PSLE SCORING WORKS

Recap from 2016 FROM T-SCORE TO WIDER SCORING BANDS (a) Reduces students fine differentiation of Students with similar scores in each subject will be grouped into wider bands measured in 8 ALs. (b) Reflects a students individual level of achievement Unlike the current T-score, the

students AL for each subject will reflect their level of achievement, rather than how they have performed relative to their peers. AL RAW MARK RANGE 1 90 2 85 89

3 80 84 4 75 79 5 65 74 6 45 64 7 20 44

8 < 20 11 Recap from 2016 4 SUBJECT ALs WILL BE ADDED TO FORM THE PSLE SCORE The PSLE Score replaces the T-score aggregate. The PSLE Score ranges from 4 to 32, with 4 being the best. Students will be placed in secondary school courses based on their PSLE score Express, Normal (Academic) or Normal (Technical). ENGLISH AL3

MOTHER TONGUE AL2 PLACEMENT OUTCOME PSLE SCORE EXPRESS 4 20 21 22 MATHEMATICS AL1 EXPRESS / N(A) OPTION

SCIENCE AL2 N(A) 23 24 N(A) / N(T) option 25 N(T) 26-30, with AL7 or better in both EL and MA PSLE SCORE: 8

12 Recap from 2016 HOW S1 POSTING WORKS Recap from 2016 CHOICE ORDER OF SCHOOLS WILL MATTER MORE Academic merit, i.e. the PSLE Score, remains the first criterion for secondary school posting. If two students with the same PSLE Score vie for a place in a school, the following tie-breakers will be used: 1. CITIZENSHIP 2. CHOICE ORDER OF SCHOOLS (NEW) 3. COMPUTERISED BALLOTING 14

Recap from 2016 CHOOSING SECONDARY SCHOOLS Parents and students should consider the students strengths and interests and make school choices based on the schools unique culture, ethos and programmes MOE SchoolFinder Tool Parents and students can find out more about secondary schools distinctive programmes through MOEs SchoolFinder tool, secondary schools websites and open houses. 15 USE OF HCL FOR

ADMISSION INTO SAP SCHOOLS 16 Recap from 2016 STUDENTS HCL GRADES GIVE POSTING ADVANTAGE FOR SAP SCHOOLS Currently, for admission to SAP schools, students are awarded bonus T-score points based on their HCL grade: 3 points for Distinction 2 points for Merit 1 point for Pass 17 Recap from 2016

THIS HCL POSTING ADVANTAGE FOR ENTRY TO SAP SCHOOLS WILL CONTINUE Students will be ranked taking into account their performance in HCL. PSLE Score 1st 7 NO HCL 7 Their HCL performance will be 2nd

indicated in their PSLE Score. 8 DISTINCTION 8D 3rd 8 MERIT 8M 4th 8

PASS 8P 5th 8 NO HCL 8 6th 9 DISTINCTION This posting advantage applies before the tie-breakers for S1

posting. 9D 18 2019 UPDATES: FAMILIARISING STUDENTS AND PARENTS WITH THE NEW SYSTEM AND GUIDING THEM IN MAKING SUBJECT CHOICES PRESENTATION OF RESULTS IN ACHIEVEMENT LEVELS PRESENTATION OF RESULTS IN ALs Starting from the 2020 P5 cohort, schools will present schoolbased examination results of P5 and P6 students in ALs. 2020 P6 students will not be affected, nor will P1 to P4 students.

This will help familiarise students and parents with the new AL scoring system Update from Grade to AL New Field to compute Total AL Score 21 SUBJECT-BASED BANDING (PRIMARY) OFFERING DIFFERENT SUBJECT COMBINATIONS SUBJECT-BASED BANDING (PRIMARY) Subject-based Banding (Primary) provides greater flexibility for students by offering them the option of Standard and Foundation Subjects, depending on their strengths. This will allow students to focus on and stretch their potential in the subjects they are strong in while building up

the fundamentals in the subject they need more support in. The new PSLE scoring system will not change the considerations for deciding on a students subject combination. Schools will continue to recommend based on the following: Students aptitude, motivation and performance in each subject; Students ability to cope with a particular subject combination; and Whether the subject combination focuses sufficiently on literacy and numeracy, and facilitates the students articulation to secondary school and beyond. Offering subjects at Foundation level is not a disadvantage to the students. It enables them to focus on building up strong fundamentals in these subjects and better prepares them for progression to secondary school. 19 UPDATES ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE

PSLE SCORING & S1 POSTING UPDATES ON MOTHER TONGUE LANGUAGE (MTL)-EXEMPTION 2019 BRIEFING FOR P4 PARENTS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, COMMUNICATION AND ENGAGEMENT GROUP, 2019 SCORING FOR MTL-EXEMPT AND STUDENTS STUDYING AN ASIAN LANGUAGE/ FOREIGN LANGUAGE (AsL/FL) IN LIEU OF AN MTL SCORING FOR MTL-EXEMPT AND AsL/FL STUDENTS For students who are exempted from MTL or take an AsL/FL in lieu of an official MTL, their PSLE result slip will only reflect the three subjects they have taken.

However, for the purposes of Secondary 1 posting, these students will need an assigned MTL score so that they have a PSLE score comprising four subjects To determine the assigned MTL score, reference is made to MTL scores of other students who have achieved similar scores in English, Mathematics, and Science. This is the same approach taken in todays T-score system. 26 SCORING FOR MTL-EXEMPT AND AsL/FL STUDENTS In reviewing the score assignment for these students under the new PSLE scoring system, we needed to strike a balance between: Acknowledging that students have valid reasons for seeking MTL exemption or taking an AsL/FL, and Ensuring some parity between scoring for exemption, Foundation and Standard MTL.

27 SCORING FOR MTL-EXEMPT AND AsL/FL STUDENTS Under the new scoring system, the assigned MTL score will : Take reference from peers with similar scores for English, Mathematics and Science; While maintaining parity of treatment with students who take Foundation MTL (who will score between AL 6 to 8). Hence, students will receive an assigned MTL score between AL 6 to 8 in PSLE. 28 SCORING FOR FOUNDATION LEVEL SUBJECTS FOUNDATION SUBJECTS GRADED IN 5 BANDS TODAY Under the current PSLE grading system, Foundation subjects are

graded in 5 scoring bands from Grade 1 to U. Current System Grade Raw Mark Range 1 85 100 2 70 84 3 50 69 4

30 49 U < 30 30 FOUNDATION LEVEL SUBJECT GRADES TO BE LESS FINELY DIFFERENTIATED Under the new AL system, to reduce fine differentiation among students, Foundation subject grades will be graded in 3 scoring bands from AL A to C. Like Standard subject ALs, the Foundation subject ALs will reflect a students level of achievement, rather than how they have performed relative to their peers. Foundation Level AL Reflected on Result Slip

Foundation Raw Mark Range A 75 100 B 30 74 C < 30 31 FOUNDATION LEVEL SUBJECT GRADES For the purpose of S1 posting, Foundation level AL A to AL C will be mapped to AL 6 to AL 8 of Standard level subjects respectively,

to derive a students overall PSLE Score. Similar to the current PSLE scoring system, this mapping is based on the learning and assessment load of the subjects, and informs students of their readiness to access the curriculum at the secondary level. Foundation Level Foundation Raw AL Reflected on Mark Range Result Slip Equivalent Standard Subject AL Standard Raw Mark Range A

75 100 6 45-64 B 30 74 7 20-44 C < 30 8

<20 32 SCORING OF FOUNDATION SUBJECTS FOR S1 POSTING A students PSLE Score is the sum of the four AL scores across his/her Standard and Foundation subjects. Students taking Foundation subjects are eligible for the Express Course, as long as they meet the course placement criteria. With Full Subject-based Banding in secondary schools, students may also take subjects at a higher level for those that they are strong in. ENGLISH AL3 FOUNDATION

MOTHER TONGUE ALB FOUNDATION MATHEMATICS ALB SCIENCE AL5 PSLE SCORE: 22 PLACEMENT OUTCOME PSLE SCORE

EXPRESS 4 20 EXPRESS / N(A) option 21 22 N(A) 23 24 N(A) / N(T) option 25 N(T)

26 30, with AL7 or better in both EL and MA 33 ELIGIBILITY FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL HIGHER MOTHER TONGUE LANGUAGE (HMTL) ELIGIBILITY FOR HMTL IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS The eligibility criteria for taking HMTL is intended to ensure that students can cope with the higher academic load, and takes reference from the current criteria. ELIGIBLITY CRITERIA FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL HMTL (i) PSLE Score of 8 or better OR (ii) PSLE Score of 9 to 14 inclusive; and attain

AL1 / AL2 in MTL or Distinction / Merit in HMTL For students who do not meet the above criteria, secondary schools will continue to have the flexibility to offer HMTL to students, if they are assessed to have high ability and interest in MTL and are able to take HMTL without affecting their performance in other subjects. 35 INDICATIVE AL CUT-OFF POINTS (COPs) INDICATIVE COPs To support parents and students in making informed secondary school choices, MOE will provide information on each schools indicative COP in AL terms in the first half of 2021. These AL COPs will be derived from the PSLE scores and choice patterns of the 2020 S1 posting exercise. This is sufficient time for the 2021 PSLE cohort to make their

secondary school choices and choose to apply for DSA (Sec) if they wish. 37 In summary FAMILIARISING STUDENTS AND PARENTS WITH THE NEW SYSTEM AND GUIDING THEM IN MAKING SUBJECT CHOICES 2019 2020 2021 Primary 4 Primary 5

Primary 6 Scoring for Foundation level subjects to guide students and parents on whether to take Foundation level subjects at PSLE School Results in Achievement Levels (ALs) to familiarize students and parents to the new system Release of Indicative AL COPs to guide students and parents in making school choices Eligibility for Secondary

School HMTL to guide students and parents on whether to take HMTL at PSLE 38 THANK YOU!

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