What next for CTP? W H AT N E X T F O R C W G F O R 2 0 1 6 ? A N D H O W T O E N S U R E B A N G L A D E S H I S R E A DY F O R C T P AT S C A L E , AT S P E E D A N D A C R O SS S E C T O R S BY 2018? D E -B R I E F A N D VA L I DAT I O N W O R K S H O P 2 5 N OV E M B E R 2 0 1 5 S H A R O N T R U E LOV E Welcome & Introductions All Photos, Tables & Graphs : S.J Truelove, courtesy of British Red Cross NW Flood Household Economic Analysis report (2012) Dates for your diaries: November 26th presentation to government on the results of this workshop and the agreed CWG strategy by CWG members Which members will participate? November 29th Dec 3rd CTP training places still available Dec 6-15th Pre Crisis Market Mapping and Analysis (PCMMA) training & field baseline part of the process of increasing readiness for crisis and CTP. First two weeks of December reporting on CWG actions 2015 and proposal compilation for funding for CWG for 2016/16
S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) Objectives of the strategy and advocacy process: Help the CWG to define a strategy for 2016 that will allow it to; improve CTP readiness for implementation at speed, at scale & across more sectors. improve the environment that CTP operates in through a process of research, review and advocacy in order to be ready by 2018 S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) Objectives of this workshop: 1. To present the initial findings of this work for discussion amongst the wider CWG and cash community of practice 2. Identify any gaps in the focus areas identified by the strategy. 3. Note this is an ongoing strategy development process more to do 4. Seek agreement for the main focus areas identified in the strategy
5. Plan the next steps for implementation of the strategy How was the strategy formulated? 2 participatory workshops with CWG members to identify focus areas for 2016 a rapid review of secondary information Individual interviews with wide ranging cash stakeholders S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) What are the outputs of this process? A strategic plan of Action for the CWG and wider CTP community of practice through: A practical CWG Action Plan for 2016 through 2018 to increase readiness for best practice cash at speed, at scale and across sectors. A report outlining in detail the findings of the work and the proposed actions The details still needs further CWG validation!
Which task areas did CWG select to focus on? 1. Best practice standards for Implementation: increased readiness of other sectors and for MPCT, assessment, design, targeting, implementing, conditions/restrictions, broader diversity of modalities, feedback, M&E, etc. 1. Better delivery of Payments: sooner, larger, safer, cheaper, transparent, more options, capacity, and diversity of methods used, broader coverage, etc. 1. Better Operating Environment for CTP Improved cash coordination and CWG influence within the humanitarian aid architecture, CWG leadership and organisation, acceptance, systems and procedures within our own organisations and improving the regulatory environment for CTP in terms of authorisations, permissions, etc. Presenting the CWG Action plan S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) Three Key Task force areas 1. Improved implementation of CTP 2. Improving Payment methods 3. Improving the Operating Environment for CTP Improved Implementation Findings
Implementing CTP Cash for work research all current CFW rates and terms & conditions across govt and agencies agree common standards for rate setting and working conditions advocacy around CFW rates with authorities Estimated action date Jan march april exploring and disseminate information on insurance for workers and alternatives such as contingencies for injuries. march explore pros and cons CFW. Exploring the degree to which working is necessary and beneficial march
researching alternative types of CFW that might suit less able (e.g home based for PWD etc.) research & agree improved ways of delivering cash (payment methods) to less physically able and other vulnerable groups training & advocacy to reduce/ ensure the degree to which work condition used is justifiable disability, elderly, womens groups & organisations, MFIs etc. march disability, elderly, wonens groups & organisations, Brac, MFIs etc. april - ongoing extend list of agencies providing other TM types or UCG to those less able to undertake CFW
disability organisations etc. by end 2016 work towards reducing proportion of agencies using CFW, reduce proportion of funding allocated to CFW Donors, CWG, clusters by end 2016 2018 Q2 2018 Q3 2018 Q4 Key persons within CWG 2017 Q2 2017 Q3 2017 Q4 2018 Q1
Main Action Points Potential Influencing organisations, bodies and individuals Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec 2017 Q1 Focus Area Implementing CTP
Focus Areas for Improving CTP Implementation Improving Cash for work and identifying alternatives explore the impacts of conditions, restrictions and instalments on beneficiaries and project impact increase awareness of alternative transfer modality options (fresh food vouchers, commodity and cash vouchers, fairs, conditional grants and UCG) and pros and cons of each Agree common formats for calculating cost of basic needs packages across sectors Prepare for Multi purpose cash transfer(MPCT) approaches Clarify advantages and disadvantages of combining CTP with sensitisation , training and capacity building agree standard ready packages of response for specific emergency contexts (flood, Cyclone) develop more effective grievance and feedback systems for CTP Improved geographical selection & targeting, beneficiary selection & criteria contingency planning for CTP increase indirect support to markets to recover from emergencies (e.g. Loan guarantees etc to small traders for restocking, fuel etc. Increase sensitisation on payment methods and their re-use each emergency Explore household decision making around cash and Improve gender awareness and appropriateness of CTP project design and payment method delivery mechanisms. Improve protection awareness Increase awareness on CTP and skills and capacity Improve market assessment skills and readiness Summary of focus areas for Implementation of CTP What can we improve at each stage project cycle? Sector priorities of the most vulnerable women Readiness through contingency planning Assessment (CTP essential content, triggering,
speed of approval) Increase readiness for use across sectors and readiness for MPCT technical design of projects & broader diversity of modalities, response analysis, appropriate use of conditions & restrictions etc. Influence how is this regulated by our own organisations and authorities 8 7 6 5 Women: Char Women: RB 3 2 1 He alt h Sc ho
ol Sh elt er W at er Sa ni ta tio n Cl ea n NF I 0 Fo od
Ranking 4 Priorities S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) focus areas for Implementation targeting, beneficiary identification & registration, Gender decision making and protection issues around appropriateness of modality choices and payment methods selected improving M&E & learning. Average Spending Priorities of women if a HH were to receive 10,000 BDT Debts; 2.75% Specify Other Transport/ latrine; 2.29% Food; 19.50% Livestock/fodder; 21.33% HH good & cloth; 5.50%
Fuel; 0.69% Fish (net, boat, fingerling); 1.38% Seeds Ag input; 7.57% School; 4.82% Health; 8.26% Water; 6.19% Shelter/rent; 19.72% S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) Focus Areas for Improving the CTP Operating Environment S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) Main Focus areas for improving CTP Operating Environment Agree on the positioning of the CWG within the humanitarian aid architecture Agree on the structure of workings of the CWG Improved coordination work towards improving population lists to facilitate CTP reduce delays caused by documentation / Improve bBeneficiry verification and Identification Advocate for improved damage reporting JNA integrate key CTP questions, improve triggering process and reduce post assessment delays in dissemination of results Improve harmonisation with government programmes
Clarify government policy and rules and regulations on cash advocate around governement CFW rates Advocacy for access to emergency funding for quick responses Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development Develop a communications strategy for CTP - Improve knowledge and understanding of the broad range of CTP options Best practice coordination & advocacy Develop the CWGs own organisational and leadership structures and ways of achieving tasks (identified 3 or 4 key task force areas, currently) Increase sustainability and improve management and ownership of tasks and practical actions. Started the process of identifying who are best influencers or agents for change for specific advocacy areas CWG has begun the process of defining target dates for a work plan and the proposal for funding Just the start of a whole CWG process of reviewing, adding to and improving the strategy and action plan for 2016. Proposal for working structures for the Bangladesh CWG. CWG Coordinator Secretariat CWG
(approx. 5 people) CWG 30+ member Organizations TC Facilitator TF-1 Payment Methods TF-2 Implemen tation TF-3 Operating Environm ent TF-4 Other Issues
TBC TF-5 Other ? Thanks to Farook Rahman (BDRCS) for producing this graphic Initial proposals for CWG consideration: Improve CWG location in the cluster system to improve influencing and advocacy potential. Better operating environment for CTP Within own organisations, Persuading the unconvinced? Increasing capacity and numbers trained/experienced Systems and procedure readiness Within regulatory environment Persuading the unconvinced at national, regional and local level? Increasing capacity and numbers trained/experienced Triggering approval for assessments Clarify policy and regulatory environment Rules, revenue fees, taxation, etc.
Best practice delivery of payments more options/capacity/diversity of methods, broader coverage, quicker set-up and selection Larger payments to more beneficiaries, safer, cheaper, more transparent & accountable Main Focus Area - Payment Methods Increase readiness for distributions at scale across all locations Increase efficiency of payment methods Explore gender decision making as well as protection issues around various payment method options Research benefits of connection to financial services by beneficiaries Explore potential for pre-emptive registration in hot spot areas Explore alternative payments through community organisations, INGO savings groups, womens groups etc. Explore relative merits of certain payment methods for less physically able and specific vulnerable groups Ensure payment method re-use is possible and well understood by communities Explore degree risks and mitigation measures around cash by hand distributions and insurance for movement of cash alternatives Example of Mapping available Payment Methods (2012) Requirement
for Registration Opening A/C Charge (BDT) Sending/ Receiving Money Option Extra Charge/ Commissio n Needed Maximum Amount Transfer per day (BDT) Yes
Photo, Voter ID/ Birth Certificate 10 to 500 Bank No Unlimited Mobile (e.g B Kash, DBBL) Yes Photo, Voter ID/ Birth Certificate Mobile/SIM Card 50 to 100 Bank/ Agent Yes
(e.g. 1% for sending, 2% for receiving) 25000 BDT Yes Mobile (through Post Office) No Mobile/SIM Card 0 Post Office Yes Limited Yes Financial Services Name
Bank (e.g. Sonali Bank) Registrati on/ Account Needed Availability Yes Accessibili ty for beneficiary Secured Remarks Medium Yes Sonali Bank has easy
access for farmer, a/c for them only BDT 10. High Yes BFs familiar with and many quiosks. Concerns that not enough cash at quiosks Medium Yes Yes Photo, Voter ID/ Birth Certificate 100 to 500 Bank
No Limited Yes High Yes Very well known and many offices. Also IGA projects and savings & loans potential Money transfer Company (e.g Western Union, Money gram) No Photo, Voter ID/ Birth Certificate
0 Bank/Post Office Yes Unlimited Yes Medium Yes Costly Trader No ID 0
Agent Yes Limited Yes High Less Cash in hand/envelopes No ID 0 Cash No Unlimited
Yes High Less Micro Finance Institution Brac, Grameen) (e.g Time consuming for negotiations. Not familiar BFs and agencies familiar with S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) Other Questions How to include regions and local level within the strategy? Local partners and other NGOs and CBOs not using much CTP
Local authorities Decentralisation of CWG What about linking with social safety nets? Linking CTP with recovery and development? S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) Next steps? 1. Start with the organisational set up of the CWG 2. Assess the proposed strategy together in more detail 3. More close scrutiny, discussion and agreement within CWG 4. Notification of the process to government or Presentation of initial findings? 5. Who within CWG to do this? 6. Integrate with funding proposal 7. Review report (small number of CWG members in review chain between 11th and 15th Dec) 8. Deadline for submission and distribution: Dec 18th 9. CWG working structures in place 10. Implement!
S.Truelove (BRCS 2012) Alternatives to cash for work and building productive incomes. Cash for work activities building productive incomes and reducing risks. Thank you & Any Questions? [email protected] Thank you for permission to use the photos, tables and graphs to : British Red Cross
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