General Shop Safety Objectives Basic Principles Shop Rules
General Shop Safety Objectives
Basic Principles Shop Rules Safety Practices Color Codes Safety Test Completion Policy A student must score a 100% on the General
Safety Test to be eligible to participate in student shop activities. Shop Discipline Policy 1st offense a warning is issued 2nd offense the students shop privileges are taken away and the student has the
opportunity to learn via textbook. Shop is a privilege, not a right. Consequences Good consequences vs. Bad Consequences
Shop Rules Pay attention and follow all directions
given by the teacher. Safety glasses are to be worn at all times in the shop. When the class is sent to the shop, all students must orderly/quietly go directly to the shop and remain in the shop. No leaving the shop without permission.
Shop Rules Students will come to class everyday with appropriate clothing. Shorts, dresses, sandals, low cut shirts, etc. are not to be worn. Students will notify the teacher
immediately if any tool or equipment is damaged or broken. Students will clean the shop daily after all activities. Safety Practices
Accident Stories We all have them Keep them PG-13 You may laugh but learn from them Who knows someone who has been hurt in an accident on the farm, job, or at home?
How did it change your life? Safety 86 to 88% caused by human carelessness 10% caused by faulty equipment
2 to 4% caused by unavoidable happenings Most accidents dont just happen, they are caused by human error
Wear clothing which is conducive to work in the shop, i.e., coveralls, shop coats,
etc. Shop clothing should not be loose, baggy or highly flammable. Always wear Safety Glasses
Approved safety glasses must be worn at all times over your eyes.
When welding it is recommended. Approved safety glasses should be industrial quality - Z87.1
Wear hearing protection devices when using or when others are using loud equipment in the shop.
What protective clothing and devices should be worn in the shop? Eye Protection Hearing Protection Mask and Respirator
Protective Clothing Welding Shop Protective clothing Safety in Welding
General Work Clothing 100% wool is the best choice 100% cotton is the second best choice Clothing must stop ultraviolet light
Dark color, thick, tightly woven Safety in Welding Shirts Long sleeved, and long enough to tuck in Button collar
No pockets or pockets with a button flap Safety in Welding Pants Long enough to cover the tops of the footwear
No cuffs or frayed ends Foot Wear Boots with high tops Special Protective Clothing Hand Protection All leather, gauntlet type gloves
Special Protective Clothing Face and Eye Protection Safety glasses are adequate for general use If heavy grinding, chipping, or overhead work is being done, goggles
or a full face shield must be worn If welding or cutting wear appropriate eye protection Gases and Fumes Work only in well-ventilated areas. Use great care when working on metals
covered with lead or zinc. If working in a confined area use respirator or other approved breathing devices. Ventilation Combustible Materials
Keep shop clean in areas where welding is to be done. Do not weld near combustible materials of any kind. Never weld on covered containers which may have held combustible materials without first taking adequate safety precautions. For example, fill them
with water, steam clean or fill with an inert gas. Fire Protection Be familiar with location and types of fire extinguishers. Report any unsafe conditions that might start a fire. Do not weld near flammable materials. Do not weld on containers that have held flammable
materials. Do not weld near electrical fittings or lines. Fire Triangle The different classes of fires and different types of fire extinguishers?
Class A - Ordinary Combustibles. Ordinary combustibles include wood, papers, and trash. Class A combustibles do not include any item in the presence of electricity or any type of liquid.
The different classes of fires and different types of fire extinguishers? Class B - Flammable Liquids. Flammable liquids include fuels, greases, paints, and other liquids as long as they are not in the
presence of electricity. The different classes of fires and different types of fire extinguishers? Class C - Electrical Equipment. Class C fires involve the
presence of electricity. The different classes of fires and different types of fire extinguishers? Class D - Combustible Metals. Combustible metals are metals that
burn. Burning metals are very difficult to extinguish. Only Class D extinguishers will work on burning metals. Common types of extinguishers
1. Water with pump or gas pressure used for Class A fires. 2. Carbon dioxide gas used for Class B and C fires. 3. Dry chemical used for Class A, B, and C fires.
How do you properly use a fire extinguisher? Hold the extinguisher upright and pull blocking pin. Move within 6 to 10 feet of the fire. Aim the nozzle of the extinguisher toward the base of the fire.
Squeeze lever and discharge contents using a side to side sweeping motion. Have extinguishers serviced after each use. Electrical Safety
Do not visit and disturb others during the laboratory period. Stay busy on your assigned work; if completed check with the instructor for further directions.
Do not hurry or rush, avoid cutting corners and unsafe work practices. Do not allow yourself to get caught up
in rush situations. When working in a shop talk in a low tone of voice.
Loud boisterous talk and noise makes others jittery and uncomfortable, which may lead to accidents.
Notify the instructor immediately in case of injury, accident or fire.
Never leave the shop without the instructors knowledge and permission.
Notify the instructor in case defective tools and equipment. Out of order signs should be placed on the tools and equipment until the necessary repairs are made.
Shop safety protects you and the equipment. No horseplay or other hazardous scuffling and pushing while in the shop.
Clean your work station and return all tools to their proper storage
before leaving Clean Shop is a Safe Shop
Be alert and think each action through before it is performed. If in doubt about how to perform a procedure, check with the teacher before proceeding.
Use the proper tool for the proper job. Never use power equipment or tools which
have not been demonstrated to you. Remove loose jewelry and secure long hair while working in the shop.
Remind visitors to wear safety glasses while visiting in your mechanics laboratory. Be aware of people around you. Alert them if they are in a dangerous
situation. Never attempt to work with tools or equipment in the shop if under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Use the right tool for the right job.
Color Codes Become familiar with the laboratory
color coding system and observe the warnings issued while working. Observe all warning signs Colors in the coding system are used to: Alert people to danger or hazards.
Help people locate certain objects. Make the shop a pleasant place to work. Promote cleanliness and order. Help people react quickly to emergencies.
Color Codes Red is used to identify areas or items of danger or emergency such as safety switches and fire equipment. Color Codes Orange is used to designate machine hazards such as edges
and openings. Orange means warning. Orange is also used as background for electrical switches, levers, and controls. Color Codes
Yellow, like the amber traffic light, means caution. It is used to identify parts of machines, such as wheels, levers, and knobs
that control or adjust the machine. Color Codes Yellow and black stripes are used in combination to mark stairs, protruding objects, and other stationary hazards
Blue is used for signs if a warning or caution is intended. Color Codes These are informational signs such as OUT OF
ORDER or DO NOT OPERATE. Such signs are made of white letters on a blue or black background
Color Codes Gray is used on floors of work areas in the shop. It is a restful color and provides good contrast for other safety colors. It is used to paint body areas of machines and may be used on the
tabletops if painting is desired. WHAT IF? You dont follow the safety rules? The following set of slides are included to show you the results of not following safety
procedures. Each slide is a true representation of hazards we face while in the shop! Short Sleeves or Long You choose.
Seeing is believing.. What happened here? These safety glasses make me look stupid.
And being blinded by a grinder disk doesnt? Safety glasses $ 9.00 Eyesight --- priceless But I only had a little more to grind
Its only a drill, whats the big deal? One of our experienced maintenance workers was using a large screw driver as a chisel and pry bar. The screw driver shaft snapped as he was
using all his force and body weight to attempt to get the tip of the screw driver between a pump mount and it's concrete pad. You can see the results. 37 stitches, 4 lost work days, 25 restricted work
days. 50% of accident in the shop are a result of hand tool misuse. Never use a tool for a job its not intended. Injuries cost everyone.
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